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Table 2 Characteristics of the 47 patients with ventricular septal rupture after acute myocardial infarction

From: Risk factors and outcome analysis after surgical management of ventricular septal rupture complicating acute myocardial infarction: a retrospective analysis

Profile Mean ± SD or No.(%)
Demographics   
  Age, years 68.9 ± 9.5
  Male sex 28(59.6%)
  Body weight 62.5 ± 10.2
Comorbidities   
  Hypertension 29(61.7%)
  Diabetes mellitus 21(44.7%)
  Smoking 14(29.8%)
  Dialysis 4(8.5%)
  Estimated Creatinine Clearance Rate [=(140-age)xBWx0.85 if woman/72xScr] 44.2 ± 20.6
  History of Cerebrovascular accident 7(14.9%)
Acuity   
  Pre-OP mechanical support  
   IABP 34(72.3%)
   ECMO 6(12.8%)
  Prodromal Angina 29(61.7%)
  Killip class  
   I 6(12.8%)
   II 7(14.9%)
   III 15(31.9%)
   IV 19(40.4%)
  Coronary artery disease  
   1-V-D 16(34%)
   2-V-D 10(21.3%)
   3-V-D 21(44.7%)
  Left ventricular Ejection fraction(%) 45.8 ± 13.5
  Cardiac emzyme  
   CK 1392.1 ± 1208.3
   CK-MB 115.9 ± 127.0
  EuroSCORE II 28.5 ± 16.2
VSR characteristics   
  Anterior MI 42(89.4%)
  Apical rupture 36(76.6%)
  Ventricular Aneurysm 20(42.6%)
  Qp/Qs 3.0 ± 1.6
Revascularization   
  PCI 17(36.2%)
  Thrombolysis 12(25.5%)
OP characteristics   
  Repair from MI, days 6.3 ± 10.4
  Emergency surgery 41(87.2%)
  Concomitant CABG 27(57.4%)
  CPB time 193.9 ± 50.4
  AXC time 113 ± 46.9
  1. Abbreviations:IABP intra-aortic balloon pump; ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; V-D vessel disease; CK creatinine kinase; CK-MB creatinine kinase MB fraction; EuroSCORE II European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation II; Qp/Qs ratio of pulmonary to systemic blood flow; PCI percutaneous coronary intervention; MI myocardial infarction; CABG coronary artery bypass grafting; CPB cardiopulmonary bypass; AXC aortic cross-clamp.