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Table 2 Common conservative measures of two groups

From: Management of patients with flail chest by surgical fixation using claw-type titanium plate

Treatment measures Surgical fixation group (n = 23) Conservative treatment group (n = 29)
Chest straps (n) 23 29
Oxygen therapy (n) 23 29
Hemostasis (n) 23 29
Analgesia (n) 23 29
Mucolytic medications (n) 23 29
Hormone therapy (n) 13 17
Antibiotics (n) 23 29
Endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy and mechanical ventilation (n) 11 14
Fluid and blood infusion therapy (n) 2 3
Bronchoscopy for sputum suction (n) 10 11
Closed thoracic drainage treatment (n) 12 26