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Table 1 Clinical data and outcome for the 58 successful patients

From: Perventricular device closure of a doubly committed juxtaarterial ventricular septal defect through a left parasternal approach: midterm follow-up results

Variable Total Younger age group Older age group p value
Patients’ number 58 32 26
Median age (yrs) 4.0 (range, 0.5–53.0) 2.0 12.0
Sex (F/M) 15/43 7/25 8/18
Median weight (kg) 19 (range, 6–80) 13 39
DCVSD size (mm) 3.4 ± 1.0(range, 2.0–6.0) 3.2 ± 0.9 3.6 ± 1.2
LVEDD before operation (cm) 3.8 ± 0.8(range,1.9–5.6) 3.2 ± 0.4 4.5 ± 0.5
LVEDD at discharge (cm) 3.5 ± 0.7(range,1.8–5.2)a 3.0 ± 0.4 4.1 ± 0.6 0.073a
Device size (mm) 5.2 ± 1.3 (range, 4–8) 5.0 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.5
ICMT (min) 14 ± 13 (range, 2–60) 12 ± 8 17 ± 17 0.157
Procedure time (min) 66 ± 15 (range, 42–98) 59 ± 11 74 ± 16 0.0004
Eccentric occluder (n) 44 26 18 0.450
Concentric occluder (n) 14 6 8
Drainage tube placement (n) 19 8 11 0.265
  1. DCVSD doubly committed ventricular septal defect; LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; ICMT intracardiac manipulation time
  2. acompared with the LVEDD before operation