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Table 2 Injury characteristics

From: Endovascular repair for acute traumatic transection of the descending thoracic aorta: experience of a single centre with a 12-years follow up

Characteristic  
Mechanism of blunt aortic injury  
Vehicle accidents 9 (81.81 %)
Pedestrian hit by motor vehicles 1 (9.09 %)
Fall 1 (9.09 %)
Extent of aortic injury  
Grade I: intimal tear 0 (0 %)
Grade II: intramural hematoma 1 (9.09 %)
Grade III: aortic pseudoaneurysm 9 (81.81 %)
Grade IV: free rupture 1 (9.09 %)
Location of aortic injury  
Isthmus (just distal to the left subclavian artery to the third intercostals artery) 11 (100 %)
Distal descending thoracic aorta 0 (0 %)
Associated traumatic injuries  
Lung injury (pneumothorax) 3 (27.27 %)
Unstable fracture cervical spine 1 (9.09 %)
Rib fracture 11 (100 %)
Sternum fracture 2 (18.18 %)
Related injury (solid organ, bowel, bladder, or diaphragm injury)  
Pleural effusion 7 (63.63 %)
Testicle fracture 1 (9.09 %)
Spleen fracture 4 (36.36 %)
Contained rupture of bowel 1 (9.09 %)
Apache –II score  
11-15 2 (18.18 %)
16-20 3 (27.27 %)
26-30 4 (36.36 %)
>30 2 (18.18 %)