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Table 4 Risk factor analysis for late overall death

From: Bentall procedure: quarter century of clinical experiences of a single surgeon

Variables Patients (n = 147) Patients with Marfan syndrome (n = 62)
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
Age 0.821   0.584  
Sex (male) 0.097 0.089 0.226  
Hypertension 0.141   0.156  
Diabetes mellitus 0.348   -  
Hyperlipidaemia 0.577   0.787  
BMI > 30 0.448   0.335  
Coronary artery disease 0.167   0.390  
Cerebrovascular accindent 0.505   0.682  
Chronic kidney disease 0.011a 0.036a 0.683  
EuroSCORE II > 3 (%) <0.0001a 0.002a <0.0001a 0.004a
Aortic diameter > 60 mm 0.211   0.369  
Bicuspid aortic valve 0.538   -  
Emergency 0.006a 0.023a 0.006a 0.018a
Combined mitral valve surgery 0.856   0.547  
Combined CABG surgery 0.062   0.701  
Combined with arch replacement 0.855   0.995  
Ejection fraction < 50 % 0.681   0.252  
LVESD 0.805   0.370  
LVEDD 0.534   0.206  
Dissection 0.035a 0.136 0.094 0.476
CPB time 0.002a 0.710 0.982  
Operation time > 5 h 0.002a 0.224 0.102  
DHCA use 0.004a 0.013a 0.597  
Aortic cross-clamp time 0.753   0.800  
Early complication 0.035a 0.015a 0.190  
  1. astatistically significant