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Table 1 Demographic data and anatomic characteristics of 139 patients who underwent an arterial switch operation

From: Current expectations of the arterial switch operation in a small volume center: a 20-year, single-center experience

  Simple TGA Complex TGA Taussig-Bing Anomaly p value Total
n = 78 n = 46 n = 15 n = 139
Age, days 7 (1–48) 12.5 (2–300) 17 (6–485) <0.001 9 (1–485)
Age (≤14 days) 66 (84.6) 24 (52.2) 7 (46.7) <0.001 97 (69.8)
Weight, kg 3.3 (2.4–4.8) 3.3 (2.1–7.7) 3.8 (2.8–10.3) 0.063 3.3 (2.1–10.3)
Female 13 (16.7) 17 (38.6) 6 (40.0) 0.016 36 (25.9)
Previous interventions 32 (41.0) 22 (47.8) 9 (60.0) 0.381 63 (45.3)
  BAS 32 (41.0) 20 (43.5) 8 (53.3) 0.680 60 (43.2)
PAB, PDA ligation 0 1 0   1
PAB, Atrial septostomy 0 0 1   1
Modified BT shunt 0 1 0   1
Associated anomalies  
  VSD 0 (0) 43 (93.5) 15 (100) <0.001 58 (41.7)
Multiple VSD 0 (0) 4 (8.7) 0 (0) 0.022 4 (2.9)
Aortic arch anomaly 1 (1.3) 5 (10.9) 10 (66.7) <0.001 16 (11.5)
  Coarctation of aorta 0 (0) 5 (10.9) 7 (46.7) <0.001 12 (8.6)
Interrupted aortic arch 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (13.3) 0.011 2 (1.4)
Double aortic arch 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (6.7) 0.108 1 (0.7)
Retro-esophageal aortic arch 1 (1.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1.000 1 (0.7)
IVC interruption 1 (1.3) 1 (2.2) 0 (0) 1.000 2 (1.4)
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return 0 (0) 1 (2.2) 0 (0) 0.439 1 (0.7)
LVOTO 0 (0) 1 (2.2) 0 (0) 0.439 1 (0.7)
Situs inversus 0 (0) 3 (6.5) 0 (0) 0.065 3 (2.2)
Coronary pattern  
  1LCx;2R (Usual) 50 (64.1) 35 (76.1) 7 (46.7) 0.103 92 (66.2)
1 L;2RCx 13 (16.7) 5 (10.9) 3 (20.0) 0.507 21 (15.1)
1LR;2Cx 5 (6.4) 0 (0) 2 (13.3) 0.064 7 (5.0)
1R;2LCx (Inverted) 2 (2.6) 2 (4.3) 0 (0) 0.765 4 (2.9)
2LCxR (Single coronary) 8 (10.3) 4 (8.7) 3 (20.0) 0.485 15 (10.8)
Intramural 6 (7.7) 5 (10.9) 1 (6.7) 0.823 12 (8.6)
  1. TGA, transposition of great arteries; BAS, balloon atrial septostomy; PAB, pulmonary artery banding; PDA, patent ductus arteriosus; BT Blalock–Taussig; VSD, ventricular septal defect; IVC, inferior vena cava; TAPVR, total anomalous pulmonary venous return; LVOTO, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction; L, left anterior descending; Cx, circumflex; R, right coronary artery