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Table 3 Intraoperative characteristics, 30-day postoperative outcomes, and their distributions among the patients (n = 202)

From: Outcomes in patients undergoing complex cardiac repairs with cross clamp times over 300 minutes

Variable No. (%)
Intraoperative  
Procedure (% CABG) 156 (77.2 %)
IABP 12 (5.9 %)
CPB time (min)a 421 ± 70
XCL time (min)a 346 ± 45
IMA used  
 Left or Right IMA 115/157 (73.2 %)
 Both IMAs 1/157 (0.6 %)
Postoperative  
IABP 5 (2.5 %)
Operative mortality
Perioperative MI
25 (12.4 %)
4 (2.0 %)
Postoperative ventilation  
  ≤ 48 h 148 (73.3 %)
  > 48 h 54 (26.7 %)
Postoperative ventilation (h)b 13.0 (6.0–66.9)
Deep sternal infection 3 (1.5 %)
Stroke 8 (4.0 %)
Atrial fibrillation 53 (26.2 %)
Pneumonia 17 (8.4 %)
Renal failure 21 (10.4 %)
Bleeding requiring reoperation 13 (6.4 %)
Intensive care unit readmission 8 (4.0 %)
Total intensive care unit stay (h) b 96.0 (43.0–212.3)
Total hospital stay (days) b 11.0 (7.0–20.5)
  1. IABP intra-aortic balloon pump, CPB cardiopulmonary bypass, XCL cross-clamp time, IMA inferior mesenteric artery
  2. aMean ± SD
  3. #Median (interquartile range)