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Table 2 Preoperative patient characteristics

From: Impact of prosthesis–patient mismatch on short-term outcomes after aortic valve replacement: a retrospective analysis in East China

Preoperative data Non-PPM (n = 731) PPM (n = 138) P value
Age, y 56(47–62) 64(55–69) <0.001
Male 394(54%) 57(41%) 0.07
BMI(kg/m2) 22.58 ± 3.29 23.51 ± 5.92 0.076
BSA(m2) 1.61 ± 0.17 1.60 ± 0.14 0.484
Smoking history 138(18.9%) 14(10.1%) 0.014
Diabetes 63(8.6%) 22(15.9%) 0.008
Hypertension 178(24.4%) 39(28.1%) 0.336
Chronic renal insufficiency 23(3.1%) 5(3.6%) 0.77
Peripheral arterial disease 21(2.9%) 5(3.6%) 0.64
Cerebrovascular accident: 15(2.1%) 2(1.1%) 0.99
Coronary heart disease 78 (10.7%) 24(17.4%) 0.024
NYHA functional class (≥ III) 260(35.6%) 51(37.1%) 0.772
AF 212(29.0%) 42(30.1%) 0.76
Previous myocardial infarction 1(0.1%) 1(1.1%) 0.293
AS 399(55.0%) 90(65.1%) 0.031
Aortic regurgitation (moderate to severe) 508(69.5%) 79(57.1%) 0.006
LVEF 61.02 ± 8.99 62.00 ± 9.18 0.105
Emergency surgery 3(0.4%) 0(0.0%) 0.99
Aspirin within 5 days before surgery 5(0.7%) 1(1.1%) 0.99
Clopidogrel within 5 days before surgery 1(0.1%) 1(1.1%) 0.293
  1. PPM prosthesis-patient mismatch; BMI body mass index; BSA body surface area; NYHA New York Heart Association; AF atrial fibrillation; AS aortic valve stenosis; LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction