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Table 3 Standard laboratory tests and TEG results at 5 time points according to study groups

From: Consumption coagulopathy in acute aortic dissection: principles of management

Variable Acute type A aortic dissection (n = 66) Thoracic aortic aneurysm (n = 36) p
Standard laboratory tests
White blood cells, × 103/μl
 T1** 11.45 ± 3.82 5.32 ± 0.69 <0.01
 T2** 4.16 ± 2.51 7.28 ± 6.41 <0.01
 T3 10.92 ± 5.59 11.54 ± 4.17 0.56
 T4** 10.54 ± 4.27 13.19 ± 2.93 <0.01
 T5 14.16 ± 5.56 14.59 ± 4.79 0.69
Hemoglobin, g/dL
 T1 137.03 ± 17.08 136.89 ± 15.35 0.96
 T2 78.34 ± 15.44 86.00 ± 22.81 0.08
 T3** 89.11 ± 15.01 104.44 ± 13.82 <0.01
 T4** 96.17 ± 21.52 110.67 ± 10.87 <0.01
 T5** 90.76 ± 16.99 102.67 ± 9.97 <0.01
Platelet counts, × 103/μl
 T1 171.19 ± 54.27 171.22 ± 49.02 1.00
 T2** 69.53 ± 33.23 102.56 ± 45.37 <0.01
 T3* 96.13 ± 44.77 120.11 ± 47.82 0.01
 T4** 91.59 ± 54.05 138.78 ± 41.63 <0.01
 T5** 86.65 ± 46.49 120.82 ± 42.49 <0.01
TEG results
 R time    
 T1* 6.06 ± 3.44 4.94 ± 1.16 0.02
 T2 7.85 ± 1.97 8.25 ± 2.57 0.39
 T3 8.03 ± 3.62 7.66 ± 2.84 0.60
 T4** 8.10 ± 3.95 6.40 ± 2.33 <0.01
 T5* 6.12 ± 2.42 4.97 ± 1.50 0.01
MA
 T1 62.61 ± 7.30 61.96 ± 7.63 0.90
 T2 47.14 ± 9.23 46.05 ± 10.92 0.61
 T3 51.37 ± 11.81 48.96 ± 9.02 0.29
 T4 54.80 ± 10.61 53.64 ± 5.89 0.55
 T5 57.44 ± 11.67 60.12 ± 6.49 0.20
α angle
 T1 65.89 ± 9.17 66.54 ± 4.85 0.69
 T2 50.69 ± 11.53 51.23 ± 14.67 0.85
 T3 54.96 ± 12.60 54.30 ± 12.00 0.80
 T4* 54.36 ± 13.62 59.44 ± 8.17 0.02
 T5** 62.49 ± 12.58 68.68 ± 3.97 <0.01
  1. Data on the first postoperative day were unavailable for two patients with AAD
  2. T1 = anesthesia induction; T2 = lowest nasopharyngeal temperature; T3 = protamine reversal; T4 = four hours after surgery; T5 = first postoperative day
  3. Values are mean ± SD or median (interquartile range)
  4. AAD acute aortic dissection, MA maximum amplitude, TEG thromboelastography
  5. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01