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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study patients

From: Positive impact of retrograde autologous priming in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery: a randomized clinical trial

Variables RAP patients (n = 54) Non-RAP (n = 64)
Age (years) 69.94 ± 8.65 69.56 ± 8.90
Male gender 81.48 (44/54) 87.50 (56/64)
Height (cm) 172.04 ± 8.12 172.44 ± 7.32
Weight (kg) 87.52 ± 16.07 83.16 ± 12.42
BMI (kg/m2) 29.57 ± 5.36 27.88 ± 3.52
Hypertension 92.59 (50/54) 95.31 (61/64)
Diabetes mellitus 38.89 (21/54) 40.63 (26/64)
Diabetes Type
 IDDM 33.33 (7/21) 23.08 (6/26)
 NIDDM 66.67 (14/21) 76.92 (20/26)
Hypercholesterolemia  79.63 (43/54) 79.69 (51/64)
Renal disease  16.67 (9/54) 15.63 (10/64)
Smoking Status
 Currently 12.96 (7/54) 20.31 (13/64)
 Never 64.81 (35/54) 65.63 (42/64)
 Previously 22.22 (12/54) 14.06 (9/64)
Chronic Lung Disease  7.41 (4/54) 17.19 (11/64)
PAD  16.67 (9/54) 4.69 (3/64)
Atrial Fibrillation  11.11 (6/54) 7.81 (5/64)
NYHA class
 I 11.32 (6/53) 11.48 (7/61)
 II 43.40 (23/53) 52.46 (32/61)
 III 43.40 (23/53) 31.15 (19/61)
 IV 1.89 (1/53) 4.92 (3/61)
CCS class
 I 16.67 (6/36) 14.89 (7/47)
 II 44.44 (16/36) 46.81 (22/47)
 III 38.89 (14/36) 38.30 (18/47)
LVEF (%)  59.93 ± 10.37 57.95 ± 10.16
CAD
 1 vessel CAD 20.37 (11/54) 17.19 (11/64)
 2 vessel CAD 22.22 (12/54) 14.06 (9/64)
 3 vessel CAD 57.41 (31/54) 68.75 (44/64)
Aortic valve stenosis 24.07 (13/54) 15.63 (10/64)
Baseline Hct (%) 37.7 ± 3.9 38.2 ± 4.1
Baseline creatinine (μmol/L) 79.00 ± 19.07 76.84 ± 19.10
Logistic EuroSCORE 3.81 ± 2.21 3.41 ± 2.51
EuroSCORE II 1.44 ± 0.70 1.27 ± 0.88
  1. Values are mean ± SD or n (%). Baseline Hct preoperative hematocrit, BMI body mass index, CAD Coronary artery disease, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, CCS class Canadian Cardiovascular Society classification, IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, NYHA class New York Heart Association classification, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, PAD peripheral artery disease