Skip to main content

Table 3 Clinical outcome characteristics of IE patients admitted at AKUH 2015–2017 (n = 36)

From: Microbiological and clinical profile of infective endocarditis patients: an observational study experience from tertiary care center Karachi Pakistan

CLINICAL OUTCOME HRG N = 14 NVG N = 22 p-value RISK
Disease severity 12 11 0.030 1.714 (1.072–2.741)
Surgical management 7 15 0.275 1.571 (0.702–3516)
Readmission 5 2 0.143
Death 2 5 0.533 0.629 (.0141–2.808)
Presence of embolism / infarct 2 10 0.05 0.314 (0.080–1.227)
Infarct 0 4 0.091
Embolism 2 6 0.361 0.524 (0.122–2.240)
  Brain 0 6 0.032
  Lung 1 4 0.350 0.393 (0.049–3.165)
  limbs 1 0 0.204
Complication during hospital stay 5 6 0.592 1.310 (0.492–3.488)
Sepsis 1 1 0.740 1.571 (0.107–23.140)
Coagulation / Hematological issue 2 2 0.629 1.571 (0.249–9.913)
Multi-organ dysfunctiona 2 1 0.303 3.143 (0.314–31.506)
Re- exploration 1 2 0.837 0.786 (0.078–7.876)
Cardiac conduction defects 1 1 0.740 1.571 (0.107–23.140)
Indication for Surgical Intervention
Sepsis 2 2 0.629 1.571 (0.249–9.913)
Embolism 0 2 0.246
Large vegetation 9 5 0.013 2.829 (1.192–6.710)
Cardiac failure 0 4 0.091
Valve replacement 6 8 0.048  
Cause of Death 0.852
Cardiac arrest 1 2 0.852
Cerebral bleed 0 1 0.143
Sepsis 1 2 0.533 0.629 (.0141–2.808)
  1. HRG High risk group, NVG Native valve group
  2. a= acute renal injury (AKI), splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, lymphadenopathy, pulmonary symptoms