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Table 2 Summary of all cases of isolated right atrial rupture from blunt trauma

From: Isolated right atrial rupture from blunt trauma: a case report with systematic review of a lethal injury

Cardiac tamponade Incidence Mortality Hospital LOS
 Not present 35% (26) 19% (5) * 15 (0–99) *
 Present 65% (49) 6% (3) * 9 (0–29) *
  RAA 85% (22) * 9% (2) * 10 (0–27) *
  RA/SVC 40% (8) * 13% (1) 8 (0–9) *
  RA/IVC 44% (8) * 25% (2) 0 (0–20) *
  Free RA wall 50% (6) * 0% (0) 17 (6–28) *
Concomitant hemothorax 16% (8) 13% (1) 10 (0–27)
Hemothorax Incidence Mortality Hospital LOS
 Not present 72% (54) 13% (7) 8 (0–82)
 Present 17% (21) 14% (3) 15 (0–99)
  RAA 15% (4) 25% (1) 10 (0–27)
  RA/SVC 23% (3) 33% (1) 33 (7–79)
  RA/IVC 42% (5) 0% (0) 14 (0–69)
  Free RA wall 31% (5) 0% (0) 33 (7–99)
Surgical approaches Median Sternotomy R. Thoracotomy L. Thoracotomy
 All hemothorax 62% (13) 31.2% (5) 6.25% (3)
  Right-sided 62.5% (10) 31.2% (5) 6.25% (1)
  Left-sided 0% (0) 0% (0) 100% (1)
  Bilateral 75% (3) 0%(0) 25% (1)
  1. Median (range); proportion % (n); RA, right atrium; RAA, right atrial appendage; SVC/IVC, superior/inferior vena cava; LOS, length of stay. *Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05)