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Table 2 Postoperative complications and functional status by different surgical approaches

From: Re-pericardiectomy for recurrent chronic constrictive pericarditis: left anterolateral thoracotomy is a better approach

  Median sternotomy (n = 16) Left anterolateral thoracotomy (n = 8) P
Mortality (%) 2(12.5) 1(12.5) 0.81
peripheral venous pressure (cmH2O) 16.4 ± 7.6 17.5 ± 5.6 0.57
Cardiac rhythm (SR:AF) 9:7 6:2 0.02
Operation time (min) 110.3 ± 50.6 96.2 ± 30.1 0.01
Wound infection (%) 3(18.8) 1(12.5) 0.02
Pulmonary complications (%) 4(25) 4(50) 0.01
Postoperative hospital stay 9.5 ± 8.0 8.8 ± 5.0 0.2
NYHA    
I (%) 7 4 0.41
II(%) 7 2 0.18
III (%) 2 1 0.37
IV(%) 1 1 0.82
LVEF (%) 55.2 ± 11.4 53.7 ± 10.1 0.56
  1. Abbreviations: LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, SR Sinus Rhythm, AF Atrial Fibrillation, NYHA New York Heart Association