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Table 1 Grading of sternal wound complications

From: Skeletonisation contributing to a reduction of sternal wound complications: a retrospective study in OPCAB patients

Grade 1: Minor Superficial wound problem: local redness or minimal drainage Conservative approach, spontaneous healing
Grade 2: Superficial Wound infection: positive culture Antibiotic treatment
Grade 3: Moderate Deep wound infection: soft tissue dehiscence without bone extension Need for drainage, debridement, or VAC
Grade 4: Severe Mediastinitis or mechanical sternal dehiscence with bone extension Refixation of the sternum or omentoplasty
  1. VAC vacuum assisted closure