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Table 1 Patients characteristics

From: Extensive aortic surgery in acute aortic dissection type A on outcome – insights from 25 years single center experience

  All SCR SCR + TAR p-value COMP p-value COMP+TAR p-value AVS p-value
Cohort number 407 141 (35) 75 (18) 119 (29) 27 (7) 29 (7)
Gender, male 285 (70) 87 (61) 52 (69) 0.224 89 (75) 0.018 21 (78) 0.097 24 (82) 0.025
Age (years) 58 ± 13 61 ± 13 58 ± 11 0.162 56 ± 14 0.017 51 ± 13 0.001 58 ± 11 0.304
Marfan syndrome 15 (3.7) 4 (3) 4 (5) 0.417 5 (4) 0.587 1 (4) 0.816 0 (0) 0.345
DeBakey type 2a 123 (30) 49 (35) 0 (0) < 0.001 50 (42) 0.160 13 (48) 0.520 9 (31) 0.927
Bicuspid aortic valve 21 (5.2) 5 (4) 5 (7) 0.336 3 (3) 0.603 3 (12) 0.089 3 (11) 0.130
Previous surgery 49 (12) 20 (14) 9 (12) 0.568 16 (14) 0.728 1 (4) 0.160 1 (3) 0.088
Pericardial effusion 120 (30) 38 (27) 25 (33) 0.342 34 (29) 0.766 6 (22) 0.067 12 (41) 0.126
Resuscitation 22 (5.4) 8 (6) 0 (0) 0.036 10 (8) 0.388 2 (11) 0.067 1 (4) 0.626
Shock 63 (16) 18 (13) 7 (9) 0.301 27 (23) 0. 032 4 (15) 0.068 5 (18) 0.473
General malperfusion 80 (20) 35 (26) 10 (14) 0.042 24 (21) 0.448 2 (8) 0.065 7 (25) 0.950
Coronary malperfusion 42 (10.3) 19 (14) 5 (7) 0.101 11 (10) 0.267 2 (8) 0.424 2 (7) 0.302
New neurological symptoms 57 (14) 17 (12) 15 (20) 0.123 12 (10) 0.601 8 (31) 0.003 2 (7) 0.416
  1. Data are presented as n (percentage) or mean ± standard deviation (SD). All groups were compared to standard SCR
  2. AADA acute aortic dissection type A, AVS aortic valve sparing, COMP composite replacement, SCR supracommissural replacement, TAR total arch replacement
  3. aSince Debakey type 3 dissection were not included, rest of the cohort were DeBakey type 1 dissections