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Table 1 Clinical data

From: The risk factors for postoperative cerebral complications in patients with Stanford type a aortic dissection

Category of clinical data PCC (+)
n = 12
PCC (−)
n = 113
P
Age 58.4 ± 8.4 49.4 ± 13.4 0.016
Gender    1.000
 Male 11 (91.7%) 96(85.0%)
 Female 1(8.3%) 17(15.0%)
BMI 24.1 ± 2.8 24.4 ± 3.3 0.987
Active smoking 6(50.0%) 48(42.5%) 0.761
Alcoholism 1(8.3%) 11(9.7%) 1.000
Underlying diseases
 Diabetes 0(0.0%) 2(1.8%) 1.000
 CAD 0(0.0%) 1(0.9%) 1.000
 Cardiac reoperation 1(8.3%) 2(1.8%) 0.263
 Renal dysfunction 1(8.3%) 3(2.7%) 0.336
 History of cerebral diseases 2(16.7%) 1(0.9%) 0.024
 History of anemia 1(8.3%) 7(6.2%) 0.565
NYHA class
 I 0(0.0%) 29(25.7%) 0.078
 II 10(83.3%) 65(57.5%)
 III 1(8.3%) 16(14.2%)
 IV 1(8.3%) 3(2.7%)
Etiologies
 Hypertension 7(58.3%) 87(77.0%) 0.291
 Others 5(41.7%) 26(23.0%)
UCG
 EF (%) 61.6 ± 8.3 60.8 ± 7.9 0.725
 Pericardial effusiona 0(0.0%) 5(4.4%) 1.000
 Aortic regurgitationb 1(8.3%) 17(15.0%) 1.000
Preoperative complications
 AMIc 1(8.3%) 4(3.5%) 0.402
 Lower limb ischemia 0(0.0%) 16(14.2%) 0.361
 Mesenteric artery infarctiond 0(0.0%) 7(6.2%) 1.000
The scale of aortic dissection
 Ascending aorta 1(8.3%) 4(3.5%) 0.402
 Aortic arch 5(41.7%) 48(42.5%) 1.000
 Innominate artery 5(41.7%) 23(20.4%) 0.138
 Right common carotid artery 4(33.3%) 14(12.4%) 0.071
 Left subclavian artery 2(16.7%) 10(8.8%) 0.323
ASA status
 I 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 1.000
 II 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%)
 III 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%)
 IV 11(91.7%) 10.5(92.9%)
 V 1(8.3%) 8(7.1%)
 VI 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%)
Euro SCORE II 11.9 ± 2.7 9.0 ± 3.4 0.005
  1. The results demonstrated that the patients in the PCC(+) group were significantly older than the patients in the PCC(−) group, and the incidence of the preoperative cerebral disease history in the patients of the PCC(+) group was significantly higher than those of the PCC(−) group. The Euro SCORE II of patients in the PCC(+) group was dramatically higher than the patients of the PCC(−) group
  2. PCC Postoperative cerebral complications, BMI Body mass index, CAD Coronary artery disease, NYHA New York Heart Association, UCG Ultracardiography, EF Ejection fraction, AMI Acute myocardial infarction, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists
  3. aserious pericardial effusion; b serious aortic regurgitation; c clinical manifestations, ECG, and contents of creatine kinase and troponin in the serum that were consistent with the diagnostic criteria for acute myocardial infarction; d confirmed by superior mesenteric artery angiography