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Table 2 Procedures and postoperative outcomes

From: Comparison of postoperative complications between segmentectomy and lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery: a multicenter study

OutcomesSegmentectomy N = 240Lobectomy N = 450P
Patients with cardiopulmonary complication, N (%)75 (31.3)160 (35.6)0.26
Patients with any complication, N (%)80 (33.3)171 (38.0)0.22
Complication per patient if occurs, mean (SD)1.65 (1.04)1.67 (1.03)0.87
TMM, N (%)
 Grade 1–261 (25.4)131 (29.1)0.73
 Grade 3–417 (7.1)38 (8.4)
 Grade 52 (0.8)2 (0.4)
Type of complications, N (%)
 BPN30 (12.5)67 (14.9)0.42
 PAL21 (8.8)51 (11.3)0.36
 FA13 (5.4)39 (8.7)0.13
 Pneumothorax16 (6.7)21 (4.7)0.29
 Hemothorax3 (1.2)9 (2)0.56
 ARDS4 (1.7)4 (0.9)0.46
 Atelectasia5 (2.1)14 (3.1)0.63
 Acute pulmonary edema1 (0.4)1 (0.2)1.0
 Massive subcutaneous emphysema11 (4.6)21 (4.7)1.0
 Chylothorax0 (0)1 (0.2)1.0
 Pulmonary embolism2 (0.8)1 (0.2)0.28
 BPF0 (0)1 (0.2)1.0
 Empyema4 (1.7)2 (0.4)0.19
 Cardiac infarction0 (0)3 (0.7)0.55
 Recurrent nerve paralysis0 (0)5 (1.1)0.17
 Acute renal failure5 (2.1)17 (3.8)0.26
 Septic shock3 (1.2)6 (1.3)1.0
 Cardiorespiratory arrest2 (0.8)0 (0)0.12
 Ileus3 (1.2)2 (0.4)0.35
 Upper GI bleeding2 (0.8)0 (0)0.12
 Gastroparesis1 (0.4)0 (0)0.35
Reoperation6 (2.5)21 (4.7)0.22
Duration of surgery, mean (SD)147.1 (55.2)150.3 (50.6)0.44
Conversion14 (5.8)26 (5.8)0.98
Oncological histology, N (%)
 NSCLC170 (90.9)359 (87.1)0.055
 SCLC2 (1.1)7 (1.7)
 NET (AC, TC, LNEC)15 (8)33 (8)
 Other0 (0)13 (3.2)
Tumor size (mm), mean (SD)17.5 (8.1)30.7 (17.1)< 0.001
Lymph node involvementN = 183N = 4060.001
 pN16 (3.3)39 (9.6) 
 pN210 (5.5)47 (11.6)
Drainage duration, median [IQR]2 [1–3]3 [1–5]0.012
LOS, median [IQR]6 [4–9]7 [5–11]0.045
  1. SD Standard deviation, NSCLC Non-small cell lung cancer, SCLC Small-cell lung cancer, NET Neuroendocrine tumor, TC Typical carcinoid, AC Atypical carcinoid, LNEC Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, LOS Length of hospital stay, TMM Thoracic morbidity and mortality score, BPN Bronchopneumonia, PAL Prolonged air leak, AF Atrial fibrillation, ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome, BPF Bronchopulmonary fistula, GI gastrointestinal