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Table 1 Patients’ baseline characteristics

From: Surgery of ascending aorta with complex procedures for aortic dissection through upper mini-sternotomy versus conventional sternotomy

 Upper ministernotomy (n = 18)aMedian sternotomy (n = 18)aP value
Age45.6 ± 13.649.6 ± 11.50.340
Male12 (0.67)14 (0.78)0.457
BMI26.39 ± 4.8425.44 ± 2.430.465
Hypertension13 (0.72)13 (0.72)1
Marfan’s syndrome1 (0.06)1 (0.06)1
Diabetes mellitus001
COPD001
PAD3 (0.17)3 (0.17)1
renal insufficiency1 (0.06)2 (0.11)1
Dialysis001
Stroke1 (0.06)1 (0.06)1
CAD2 (0.11)1 (0.06)1
AI  0.340
None10 (0.56)8 (0.44) 
Mild2 (0.11)4 (0.22) 
Moderate to severe6 (0.33)6 (0.33) 
LVEF (%)66 ± 965 ± 70.623
EuroSCORE5.33 ± 1.415.40 ± 2.100.914
  1. BMI body mass index, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, PAD peripheral artery disease, CAD coronary artery disease, AI aortic insufficiency, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction
  2. aContinuous data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, categoric data as number (%)