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Table 3 Postoperative data and outcomes

From: Sex-specific risk factors for early mortality and survival after surgery of acute aortic dissection type a: a retrospective observational study

VariableAll Patients (n = 368)Male (n = 242)Female (n = 126)p-value
48 h-drainage loss (ml)*850 (500;1300)885 (500;1458)750 (350;1150)0.034
Postoperative blood transfusion247 (70.8%)166 (72.2%)81 (68.1%)0.424
Total number of packed red blood cells, unit3 (0–56)3.5 (0–56)2 (0–21)0.030
Total number of fresh frozen plasma, unit0 (0–76)0 (0–76)0 (0–25)0.027
Total number of platelets, unit0 (0–20)0 (0–20)0 (0–7)0.002
IABP/ECLS10 (2.8%)8 (3.4%)2 (1.7%)0.504
Reintubation66 (18.0%)51 (21.2%)15 (11.9%)0.028
Tracheotomy84 (22.9%)63 (26.1%)21 (16.7%)0.040
Postoperative delirium69 (18.9%)57 (23.8%)12 (9.5%)0.001
Postoperative myocardial infarction4 (1.1%)3 (1.3%)1 (0.8%)1.000
TIA / Stroke56 (15.3%)40 (16.7%)16 (12.7%)0.316
Electrical cardioversion26 (7.1%)14 (5.8%)12 (9.5%)0.192
CPR28 (7.7%)16 (6.7%)12 (9.5%)0.334
Bronchopulmonary infection48 (13.1%)38 (15.8%)10 (7.9%)0.033
Bacteriaemia/sepsis17 (4.6%)10 (4.2%)7 (5.6%)0.549
Rethoracotomy62 (16.9%)45 (18.7%)17 (13.5%)0.209
Sternal wound infection/VAC revision6 (1.6%)6 (2.5%)0 (0.0%)0.097
AKI KDIGO80 (22.0%)52 (21.8%)28 (22.6%)0.858
New–onset of Hemodialysis78 (21.4%)51 (21.2%)27 (21.8%)0.892
Temporary dialysis (d)4 (2;12)6 (3;13.5)3 (1;5)0.030
Atrial fibrillation40 (11.4%)26 (11.1%)14 (11.9%)0.833
Ventilation time (h)64 (21;188)63 (21;237)67 (19;145)0.270
ICU time (d)5 (2;11)5 (2;12)5 (2;9)0.442
Postoperative days11 (7;19)11.5 (8;20)9.5 (7;17)0.090
Hospital Mortality61 (17.0%)38 (16.2%)23 (18.4%)0.604
 Cardiac death36 (56.3%)22 (55.0%)14 (58.3%)
 Cerebral death4 (6.3%)2 (5.0%)2 (8.3%)
 Sepsis3 (4.7%)3 (7.5%)0 (0.0%)
 MOF21 (32.8%)13 (32.5%)8 (33.3%)
30 d-mortality64 (17.4%)40 (16.5%)24 (19.0%)0.545
  1. IABP Intra-aortic balloon pump, ECLS Extracorporeal life support, TIA Transient ischemic attack, CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, AKI Acute kidney injury, KDIGO Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes, MOF Multiple organ failure, * 8.2% missing values; bold text, p-values ≤0.05