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Table 2 Surgical parameters and in-hospital outcomes of two groups

From: Intraoperative intra-aortic balloon pump improves 30-day outcomes of patients undergoing extensive coronary endarterectomy

variables Control group (n = 437) IABP group (n = 109) P valve
Number of graft anastomosis 3.86 ± 0.54 3.89 ± 0.55 0.605
LIMA-LAD anastomosis (%) 397 (90.85) 97 (88.99) 0.555
CE on LAD (%) 42 (9.61) 46 (42.20) < 0.001
CE ≥2 vessels (%) 57 (13.04) 58 (53.21) < 0.001
length of atherosclerotic plaque ≥3 cm (%) 43 (9.84) 72 (66.06) < 0.001
Postoperative AMI 16 (3.67) 21 (19.27) < 0.001
30-day mortality 4 (0.92) 11 (10.09) < 0.001
Duration of mechanical ventilation (hours) 24.90 ± 89.29 55.26 ± 85.89 < 0.001
Length of ICU stay (days) 1.57 ± 4.57 3.02 ± 2.99 < 0.001
Length of postoperative hospital stays (days) 7.99 ± 4.87 11.15 ± 7.91 < 0.001
  1. CE coronary endarterectomy, ICU intensive care unit, LAD left anterior descending branch of coronary arterym, LIMA left internal mammary artery