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Table 4 Cosmetic effect of surgical scars between two different approaches

From: The use of the Scar Cosmesis Assessment and rating scale to evaluate the cosmetic outcomes of totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgery

parameter TA group SA group p
Scar spread (median) 1 1 0.18
Erythema (median) 1 1 0.84
Dyspigmentation (median) 0 1 0.15
Track marks or suture marks (median) 1 1 0.31
Hypertrophy/atrophy (median) 1 1 0.54
Overall impression (median) 0 0 0.04
Patient questions (median) 0 0 0.049
Overall SCAR scores (median) 3 5 0.04
NRS scores 3.07 ± 2.40 4.80 ± 2.04 0.04
Scar length 13.42 ± 2.14 20.21 ± 2.92 P<0.01
  1. Significant differences were found in the scores of Overall impression, Patient questions, Overall SCAR scores and NRS scores of both sides between the two groups. (P<0.05)