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Table 1 Patient characteristics and perioperative data including the source of the additional pulmonary blood flow (APBF) at bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS)

From: Long-term results of additional pulmonary blood flow with bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt

Age (months) 20 ± 13
Sex (men:women) 16:6
Body weight (kg) 7.5 ± 6.5
Operative time (min) 231 ± 91
CPB time (min) 42 ± 15
(Cardiac arrest: 3)
Source of APBF
 SP shunt
  4 mm 10
  3.5 mm 5
 Antegrade PA flow
  Tightened PA 15–20 mm (median 18 mm) 6
  Native PA without banding 1
Concomitant surgery (n) 4
Aortic plasty: 2, PAPVR repair: 1, PA plasty: 1
 CVP (mmHg) 16.7 ± 2.6
 Intubation (h) 22 ± 30
 ICU stay (days) 3.4 ± 1.7
 Prolonged (> 2 weeks) pleural effusion (n) 0
 SVC syndrome 0
 Death 0
  1. CPB Cardiopulmonary bypass, SP Systemic-to-pulmonary, PA Pulmonary artery, PAPVR Partial anomalous pulmonary vein return, CVP Central venous pressure, ICU Intensive care unit, SVC Superior vena cava