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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of procedures and administered medications with results of regression analyses

From: Three-year experience with immediate extubation in pediatric patients after congenital cardiac surgery

VariableaUnderwent Treatment/ProcedurePatients Underwent the Treatment/Procedure 
YesNoOverallDelayed ExtubationImmediate/Early Extubation 
N (%)N (%)NMedian (Qrange)NMedian (Qrange)NMedian (Qrange)pb
Aortic cross clamp (min)536 (84)101 (16)53658.4 (48.0)24977.0 (62.0)28750.0 (33.0)< 0.001
Low Temperature (°C)630 (98.9)7 (1.1)63029.1 (6.5)27024.0 (12.0)36030.6 (4.50)< 0.001
DHCA (min)42 (6.6)5.95 (93.4)4225 (33.0)4021.0 (33.5)226.5 (1.00)0.662
Urine (cc/kg)616 (96.7)21 (3.3)6169.51 (14.2)2546.47 (9.74)36212.7 (16.3)0.024
Fentanyl (mcg/kg)606 (95.1)31 (4.9)60610.26 (16.6)26922.7 (18.9)3375.32 (5.44)< 0.001
Morphine (mg/kg)42 (6.6)595 (93.4)420.22 (0.16)70.22 (0.23)350.23NA
Propofol (mg/kg)478 (75.0)159 (25.0)4782.82 (3.2)1762.86 (3.85)3022.81 (2.75)0.875
Dexmedetomidine (mcg/kg)586 (92)51 (8.0)5862.88 (2.3)2293.03 (2.58)3572.80 (1.99)0.240
Rocuronium (mg/kg)636 (99.8)1 (0.2)6363.13 (2.0)2724.07 (2.60)3642.72 (1.34)0.019
Neostigmine (mg/kg)277 (43.5)360 (56.5)2770.07 (0.01)210.07 (0.02)2560.07 (0.01)0.653
Sugammadex (mg/kg)97 (15.2)540 (84.8)974.35 (2.2)74.35 (1.02)904.37 (2.34)0.079
Midazolam (mg/kg)153 (24.0)484 (76.0)1530.09 (0.1)290.20 (0.25)1240.08 (0.09)< 0.001
Other Sedatives (mg/kg)48 (7.5)589 (92.5)486.48 (10.8)314.63 (3.27)1715.0 (0.79)0.242
Mannitol (mg/kg)405 (63.6)232 (36.4)405400 (109.0)165406. (100.)240400 (213)0.298
Lasix (mg/kg)564 (88.5)73 (11.5)5640.42 (0.4)2310.59 (0.32)3330.31 (0.25)0.997
NS Amount (cc/kg)631 (99.1)6 (0.9)63117.77 (16.8)26820.6 (15.9)36316.2 (15.6)0.669
HFC (mg/kg)400 (62.8)237 (37.2)40071.1 (70.0)222136. (74.7)17870.0 (3.97)0.008
Milrinone (mg/kg)635 (99.7)2(0.3)6350.15 (0.04)2730.16 (0.06)3620.14 (0.03)< 0.001
Epinephrine (mg/kg)1.57 (24.7)480 (75.4)1570.01 (0.01)1460.01 (0.01)110.00 (0.01)0.046
Vasopresin (mcg/kg)7 (1.1)630 (98.9)70.08 (0.14)70.08 (0.14)0NANA
ICU EBL (cc/kg)612 (96.1)25 (3.9)61221.5 (28.5)26031.0 (43.5)35215.0 (19.0)0.026
Intubation (days)#296 (46.5)341 (53.5)6320 (3.0)2703.00 (4.00)3620.00 (0.00)< 0.001
  1. Note. a 0 s in variables are excluded. # 0 s were NOT Excluded (Intubation Days)
  2. bP-values are determined from median regression for Mannitol, Amount, and Epi; Poisson regression for Intubation days, and Log-Normal regression for other continuous variables. Extubation group (IE + EE vs. DE) was used as the main predictor adjusting for age, weight, and length as covariates. NAs are due to limited sample size. P < 0.05 are in bold character