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Table 2 Intraoperative and post-operative results on transcatheter and intraoperative device closure

From: Transcatheter and intraoperative device closure of atrial septal defect in infants under three years of age

 Group AGroup BP
Successful closure, n (%)86 (97.7%)96 (98.0%)0.913
Device size12.6 ± 3.513.0 ± 3.00.404
Device/weight ratio0.97 ± 0.231.35 ± 0.27< 0.05
Device/weight ratio ≥ 1.5, n (%)3 (3.4%)28 (28.6%)< 0.05
Time of procedure (mins)41.4 ± 22.766.3 ± 20.9< 0.05
Postoperative hospital stay (days)1.8 ± 1.12.6 ± 1.3< 0.05
Follow-up (months)52.1 ± 26.558.1 ± 28.00.134
Residual shunting3 (3.4%)8 (8.2%)0.17
Periprocedural complications12 (13.6%)26 (26.5%)0.058
 Cardiac death00NS
 Device embolization100.29
 Cardiac perforation00NS
 Hydrothorax or Pericardial effusion05< 0.05
 Transient cardiac arrhythmias8 (9.0%)17 (17.3%)0.099
 Hematoma at access site3 (3.4%)00.065
 Surgical wound complications02 (2%)0.178
 Pneumonia02 (2%)0.178
Incision length (cm)/2.4 ± 0.9 
Fluoroscopy time (mins)4.6 ± 7.9/ 
  1. A: transcatheter device closure, B: intraoperative device closure, NS: not significant. Continuous data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, and categorial variables are presented as number and percentage