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Table 1 Basic characteristics of cases

From: Uniportal VATS pleural biopsy in the diagnosis of exudative pleural effusion: awake or intubated?

Characteristics Uniportal VATS Uniportal AVATS p Value
Pleural procedures, n 113 41  
Age (years): mean ± SD 53.73 ± 18.10 76.17 ± 12.67 < 0.001*
Male 80 (70.8%) 35 (85.4%) 0.104
CCI: mean ± SD 2.30 ± 2.09 5.24 ± 2.27 < 0.001*
 No 58 (51.3%) 2 (4.9%)
 Yes 55 (48.7%) 39 (95.1%)
aFEV1%: mean ± SD 71.63 ± 17.77 59.25 ± 15.09 0.007*
  1. VATS Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, AVATS Awake video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, FEV1 forced expiratory volume of air in 1 s
  2. a Data are available for 8 AVATS patients and 36 VATS patients