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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of OWT cohort

From: Short and long-term outcomes of surgical intervention for empyema in the post-fibrinolytic era

Cohort Demographics, N = 18  
Patient age at procedure (years), M ± SD
Patient age range
59.44 ± 14.67
31–79
Gender, n (%)
 Male 11 (61.1)
 Female 7 (38.9)
Ethnicity/Race, n (%)
 Non-Hispanic, Caucasian 9 (50.0)
 Black, African American 4 (22.2)
 Asian 1 (5.6)
 Hispanic 1 (5.6)
 Other, Unknown 3 (16.6)
Smoking History, n (%)
 Yes 9 (50.0)
 No 9 (50.0)
Comorbidities, n
 Cancer, metastatic 7
 Cancer, local 2
 COPD or Reactive airway disease 4
 HTN/CAD 7
 Organ transplant 1
 HIV/AIDs 1
 CVA/stroke 2
 Cerebral Palsy 1
 None 2
Charlson Comorbidity
Index Score
Predicted 10-year survival
 0 (n = 3) 98%
 1 (n = 1) 96%
 3 (n = 2) 77%
 5 (n = 3) 21%
 6 (n = 4) 2%
 8 (n = 1) 0%
 9 (n = 3) 0%
 12 (n = 1) 0%
Indication for OWT, n (%)
 Post-resectional BPF 9 (50.0)
  Post-pneumonectomy 5
  Post-lobectomy 4
 Parapneumonic Empyema 5 (27.8)
 Esophageal Related 1 (5.6)
 Subdiaphragmatic Abscess 1 (5.6)
 Post-traumatic BPF 2 (11.1)
  1. Abbreviations: AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, BPF bronchopleural fistula, CAD coronary artery disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CVA cerebrovascular accident, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, HTN hypertension, M mean, OWT open window thoracotomy, SD standard deviation