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  1. Preoperative medication by inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in coronary artery patients predisposes to vasoplegic shock early after coronary artery bypass grafting. Although in the majority of...

    Authors: Georgios Papadopoulos, Eleni Sintou, Stavros Siminelakis, Efstratios Koletsis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis and Efstratios Apostolakis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:17
  2. Blau syndrome is a rare granulomatous disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant manner characterized by the early appearance of granulomatous arthritis, skin rash and anterior uveitis. There are very few dat...

    Authors: Faisal Mourad and Augustine Tang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:16
  3. Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by total or partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage of the right lung to the inferior vena cava. We present a seven year old girl with a systoli...

    Authors: Julia Nuebel, Katarzyna Januszewska, Markus Loeff, Daniel Theisen, Edward Malec and Robert Dalla-Pozza
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:15
  4. Stroke is a devastating complication after coronary artery bypass grafting, occurring in 1.4% to 4.3% of patients. A major cause of stroke is cerebral embolization of aortic atheromatous debris or calcified pl...

    Authors: Michael Hilker, Mathias Arlt, Andreas Keyser, Simon Schopka, Alexander Klose, Claudius Diez and Christof Schmid
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:14
  5. Libman-Sacks endocarditis of the mitral valve was first described by Libman and Sacks in 1924. Currently, the sterile verrucous vegetative lesions seen in Libman-Sacks endocarditis are regarded as a cardiac ma...

    Authors: Wobbe Bouma, Theo J Klinkenberg, Iwan CC van der Horst, Inez J Wijdh-den Hamer, Michiel E Erasmus, Marc Bijl, Albert JH Suurmeijer, Felix Zijlstra and Massimo A Mariani
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:13
  6. We report a case of a male patient who received an implantation of a Starr-Edwards-caged-ball-valve-prosthesis in 1967. The surgery and postoperative course were without complications and the patient recovered...

    Authors: Jan D Schmitto, Philipp Ortmann, Aron F Popov, Kasim O Coskun, Hanna Schotola, Martin Friedrich, Christoph H Wiese, Christian Sohns, Suyog A Mokashi, Vassilios N Didilis and Friedrich A Schoendube
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:12
  7. Chylous cardiac tamponade is a rare condition with little known cause.

    Authors: Nikolaos Barbetakis, Christos Asteriou, Dimitrios Konstantinou, Dimitrios Giannoglou, Christodoulos Tsilikas and Georgios Giannoglou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:11
  8. A surgical fire is a serious complication not previously described in the literature with regard to the thoracic cavity. We report a case in which an intrathoracic fire developed following an air leak combined...

    Authors: Martin Friedrich, Theodor Tirilomis, Jan D Schmitto, Aron F Popov, Suyog A Mokashi, Marc Hinterthaner, Gunnar G Hanekop, Paul Zwaka and Friedrich A Schoendube
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:10
  9. This the case of a 63 year-old man with end-stage renal disease (on chronic hemodialysis), unstable angina and significantly impaired myocardial contractility with low left ventricular ejection fraction, who u...

    Authors: Georgios Papadopoulos, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Petros Tzimas, Stavros N Siminelakis and Menelaos Karanikolas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:9
  10. Statins are widely prescribed to patients with atherosclerosis. A retrospective database analysis was used to examine the role of preoperative statin use in hospital mortality, for patients undergoing isolated...

    Authors: James A Magovern, Robert J Moraca, Stephen H Bailey, David A Dean, Kathleen A Simpson, Thomas D Maher, Daniel H Benckart and George J Magovern Jr
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:8
  11. Cardiac surgery is a major consumer of blood products, and hemodilution increases transfusion requirements during cardiac surgery under CPB. As intraoperative parenteral fluids contribute to hemodilution, we e...

    Authors: George Vretzakis, Athina Kleitsaki, Konstantinos Stamoulis, Metaxia Bareka, Stavroula Georgopoulou, Menelaos Karanikolas and Athanasios Giannoukas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:7
  12. Patient's myocardium with post-infarction ventricular septum defect (VSD) is characterized by severe dysfunction. The "additive ischemia" caused by the operating process of cross-clamp ischemia and reperfusion...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Antonios Kallikourdis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Panagiotis Dedeilias and Dimitrios Dougenis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:6
  13. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supplies systemic blood perfusion and gas exchange in patients with cardiopulmonary failure. The current literature lacks of papers reporting the possible risks of mi...

    Authors: Paolo Zanatta, Alessandro Forti, Enrico Bosco, Loris Salvador, Maurizio Borsato, Fabrizio Baldanzi, Carolina Longo, Carlo Sorbara, Pierluigi longatti and Carlo Valfrè
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:5
  14. Acute type A aortic dissection can be complicated by visceral malperfusion and is associated with a significant surgical morbidity and mortality. We describe a case of successful management of a complex acute ...

    Authors: Amna Suliman, Michael Dialynas, Hutan Ashrafian, Colin Bicknell, Maziar Mireskandari, Mohamad Hamady and Thanos Athanasiou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:4
  15. After coronary artery bypass grafting ischemia/reperfusion injury inducing cardiomyocyte apoptosis may occur. This surgery-related inflammatory reaction appears to be of extreme complexity with regard to its m...

    Authors: Engin Usta, Mirijam Renovanz, Migdat Mustafi, Gerhard Ziemer and Hermann Aebert
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:3
  16. Management of benign tracheal stenosis (BTS) varies with the type and extent of the disease and influenced by the patient's age and general health status, hence we sought to investigate the long-term outcome o...

    Authors: Nader Abdel Rahman, Oren Fruchter, David Shitrit, Benjamin D Fox and Mordechai R Kramer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:2
  17. During open heart surgery the influence of a series of factors such as cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hypothermia, operation and anaesthesia, as well as medication and transfusion can cause a diffuse trauma in ...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Efstratios N Koletsis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Stavros N Siminelakis and Georgios S Papadopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:1
  18. A gastro-tracheal fistula following esophagectomy for cancer is a rare but potentially lethal complication. We report the successful surgical closure after failed endoscopic treatment, of a gastro-tracheal fis...

    Authors: Jane E Nardella, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Hubert Piessevaux, Pierre Deprez, Raphaël Droissart, Jean-Pierre Staudt, David Heuker and Etienne van Vyve
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:69
  19. Schwannoma originating from the vagus nerve within the mediastinum is a rare, usually benign tumor. A 44-year old male was presented with chest pain. Chest radiography, CT scan and MRI showed a well circumscri...

    Authors: Kyriakos St Rammos, Stylianos K Rammos, Christophoros N Foroulis and Thomas K Zaramboukas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:68
  20. Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) is defined as the inability of the ventricle to fill to a normal end-diastolic volume, both during exercise as well as at rest, while left atrial pressure does not e...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Haralabos Parissis, Stavros N Siminelakis and Georgios S Papadopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:67
  21. In aortic replacement procedures the aortic wall and Teflon strips form a double layer, with the use of continuous sutures. Surgical glues may or may not be used to enhance the durability of the anastomoses. I...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Vassilios N Leivaditis and Constantinos Anagnostopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:66
  22. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is best described as a chronic inflammatory process which may be idiopathic, but can rarely be brought about by medications, such as pergolide, used for treating Parkinson's disease. P...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Dimitrios Tselikos, Ioanna Koniari, Christos Prokakis, Eleftherios Fokaeas and Menelaos Karanikolas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:65
  23. During mitral valve surgery right pulmonary veins injury, subsequent to excessive traction (for better exposure of the mitral apparatus), is often unavoidable. This is more likely in patients with small left a...

    Authors: Efstratios Apostolakis, Vassilios N Leivaditis, Antonios Kallikourdis and Panagiotis Dedeilias
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:64
  24. Spontaneous pneumothoraces are believed to arise when air from the supplying airway exit via a ruptured visceral pleural bleb into the pleural cavity. Endobronchial one-way valves (EBVs) allow air exit (but no...

    Authors: Wai Cho Yu, Yiu Cheong Yeung, Yiu Chang, Yuet Ling Tsang, Kwok Chu Kwong, Hau Chung Kwok and YC Gary Lee
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:63
  25. Previous studies on the effects of Statins in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery have shown conflicting results. Whether statins prevent AF in patients treated with postoperative beta bl...

    Authors: Salima Mithani, Muhammad S Akbar, Deborah J Johnson, Michael Kuskowski, Katherine K Apple, Jana Bonawitz-Conlin, Herbert B Ward, Rosemary F Kelly, Edward O McFalls, Hanna E Bloomfield, Jian-Ming Li and Selcuk Adabag
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:61
  26. The aim of this study is evaluate the efficacy of TachoSil® patches in controlling suture-hole bleeding after elective infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) replacement with Dacron graft.

    Authors: Guido Bajardi, Felice Pecoraro and Domenico Mirabella
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:60
  27. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) constitute a family of zinc-dependent proteases (endopeptidases) whose catalytic action is the degradation of the extracellular matrix components. In addition, they play the ma...

    Authors: Georgios T Karapanagiotidis, Polychronis Antonitsis, Nicholas Charokopos, Christophoros N Foroulis, Kyriakos Anastasiadis, Efthymia Rouska, Helena Argiriadou, Kyriakos Rammos and Christos Papakonstantinou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:59
  28. Most coronary artery anomalies are congenital in origin. This study angiographically determined the prevalence of different forms of anomalous aortic origins of coronary anomalies and their anatomic variation ...

    Authors: Ali H Eid, Ziad Itani, Mohammad Al-Tannir, Said Sayegh and Ali Samaha
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:58
  29. Abrikossoff tumors are a rare tumor entity. The complication of a hemothorax has not been described in the literature so far. A 24-year-old patient presented with repeated hemoptysis and right thoracic pain. T...

    Authors: Philipp Honigmann, Alexander Walz, Christian Bussmann and Bruno Lerf
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:57
  30. Myasthenia gravis, an uncommon autoimmune syndrome, is commonly associated with thymus abnormalities. Thymomatous myasthenia gravis is considered to have worst prognosis and thymectomy can reverse symptoms if ...

    Authors: Marco Agrifoglio, Fabio Barili, Luca Dainese, Antioco Cappai, Faisal H Cheema and Paolo Biglioli
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:55
  31. This review article is written so as to present the pathophysiology, the symptomatology and the ways of diagnosis and treatment of a rather rare aortic disease called Intra-Mural Haematoma (IMH). Intramural ha...

    Authors: Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Efstratios E Apostolakis, Stavros N Siminelakis, Georgios S Papadopoulos and John Goudevenos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:54
  32. We treated a 10 year 11 month old girl with severe mitral valve regurgitation, stenosis and dilated cardiomyopathy, presented with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification IV. She acutely de...

    Authors: Shiro Baba, Hiraku Doi, Tadashi Ikeda, Masashi Komeda and Tatsutoshi Nakahata
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:53
  33. Despite the existence of controversial debates on the efficiency of coronary endarterectomy (CE), it is still used as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This is particularly true in patients...

    Authors: Jan D Schmitto, Philipp Kolat, Philipp Ortmann, Aron F Popov, Kasim O Coskun, Martin Friedrich, Samuel Sossalla, Karl Toischer, Suyog A Mokashi, Theodor Tirilomis, Mersa M Baryalei and Friedrich A Schoendube
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:52
  34. We report an unusual case of a 32-year old man who was treated for a hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with a DDD pacing with short AV delay reduction in the past. Without prior notice the patient...

    Authors: Aron F Popov, Christian Bireta, Jan D Schmitto, Dieter Zenker, Martin Friedrich, Kasim O Coskun, Ralf Seipelt, Gerd G Hanekop and Friedrich A Schoendube
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:51
  35. Paraplegia is the most devastating complication of thoracic or thoraco-abdominal aortic surgery. During these operations, an ischemia-reperfusion process is inevitable and the produced radical oxygen species c...

    Authors: Fany Chronidou, Efstratios Apostolakis, Ioannis Papapostolou, Konstantinos Grintzalis, Christos D Georgiou, Efstratios N Koletsis, Menelaos Karanikolas, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos and Dimitrios Dougenis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:50
  36. A 24-year-old patient was admitted for dyspnoea and syncope. He had a previous history of complete atrio-ventricular septal defect and trisomy 21. At the age of 6 months, in 1984, cardiac catheterization revea...

    Authors: Emeline Barth, Hélène Bouvaist, Stéphanie Marlière, Gérard Ninet and Gérald Vanzetto
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:49
  37. Retransfusion of the patient's own blood during surgery is used to reduce the need for allogenic blood transfusion. It has however been found that this blood contains lipid particles, which form emboli in diff...

    Authors: Atli Eyjolfsson, Ignacio Plaza, Björn Brondén, Per Johnsson, Magnus Dencker and Henrik Bjursten
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:48
  38. We report a case of successful treatment of postoperative saphenectomy wound infection of the upper left leg with the antibiotic drug Daptomycin.

    Authors: Jan D Schmitto, Aron F Popov, Samuel T Sossalla, Kasim O Coskun, Suyog A Mokashi, Anton Wintner and Friedrich A Schoendube
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:47
  39. Coronary artery disease progression after primary coronary artery bypass grafting may, beside classical atherosclerosis risk factors, be depending on genetic predisposition.

    Authors: Sandra Eifert, Astrid Rasch, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Georg Nollert, Bruno Reichart and Peter Lohse
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:46
  40. The association of paraneoplastic hypoglycemia [Doege-Potter syndrome] and finger clubbing [Pierre-Marie-Bamberg syndrome] with pleural solitary fibrous tumour is rare. We present a previously unpublished but ...

    Authors: Ahmed Y. Kalebi, Martin J. Hale, Michelle L. Wong, Tessa Hoffman and Jill Murray
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:45
  41. We report a case of chylopericardium after ascending aorta and aortic valve replacement, which presented as late tamponade. We discuss the various treatment options in this rare condition which can result in s...

    Authors: Sing Yang Soon, Sharath Hosmane and Paul Waterworth
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:44
  42. We report the case of a 67 year-old patient who presented with worsening chest pain and shortness of breath, four days post acute myocardial infarction. Contrast enhanced computed tomography of the chest ruled...

    Authors: Jens Vogel-Claussen, Jan Skrok, Elliot K Fishman, João AC Lima, Ashish S Shah and David A Bluemke
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:42
  43. In order to assess the short term risks of pneumonectomy for lung cancer in contemporary practice a one year prospective observational study of pneumonectomy outcome was made. Current UK practice for pneumonec...

    Authors: Ellie S Powell, Adrian C Pearce, David Cook, Paul Davies, Ehab Bishay, Geoffrey MR Bowler and Fang Gao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:41
  44. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety and the cost-effectiveness of using preoperative IABP as support compared with postoperative IABP treatment in coronary patients with severe left ven...

    Authors: Zhibing Qiu, Xin Chen, Ming Xu, Yingshuo Jiang, Liqiong Xiao, LeLe Liu and Liming Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:39
  45. Bronchopleural fistula following pneumonectomy is a serious and frightening complication in chest surgery with a high mortality rate. The possibility of curing this complication using a conservative treatment ...

    Authors: Mario Nosotti, Ugo Cioffi, Matilde De Simone, Paolo Mendogni, Alessandro Palleschi, Lorenzo Rosso, Michele M Ciulla and Luigi Santambrogio
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:38
  46. Both tissue sealants and buttressing have been advocated to reduce alveolar air leaks from staple lines following Lung Volume Reduction Surgery (LVRS). However, the long term detrimental effects of buttressing...

    Authors: Sridhar Rathinam, Babu V Naidu, Prakash Nanjaiah, Mahmoud Loubani, Maninder S Kalkat and Pala B Rajesh
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:37

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