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  1. Simplified Aortic Cannulation (SAC), wherein the innominate artery is used as the arterial inflow site rather than the ascending aorta, has proved to be a useful technique for arterial cannulation especially f...

    Authors: Christopher J Knott-Craig, Steven P Goldberg and James K Kirklin
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:10
  2. The aim of this study was to document what proportion of patients referred for consideration of cardiac surgery are turned down, the reasons given for not operating and also to evaluate what happens to those p...

    Authors: Paul D Waterworth, Sing Y Soon, Rohith Govindraj, Rajesh Sivaprakasam, Mark Jackson and Antony D Grayson
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:9
  3. Granulomatous inflammation has been previously reported in association with cancer. Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a new minimally invasive test for investigati...

    Authors: Marcus P Kennedy, Carlos A Jimenez, Ashwini D Mhatre, Rodolfo C Morice and Georgie A Eapen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:8
  4. With the proliferation of minimally invasive cardiac surgery a number of alternative inflow sites for coronary artery bypass grafting have been utilized, especially in higher risk patients. The use of axillary...

    Authors: Thanos Athanasiou, Emmanouil I Kapetanakis, Christopher Rao, Loris Salvador and Ara Darzi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:6
  5. Essential Thrombocythcythaemia (ET) is an uncommon type of myeloproliferative disorder, characterised by both thrombotic and haemorrhagic diathesis. No clear guidelines exist for the pre- and post-operative ma...

    Authors: Kashif Ahmed, Hunaid A Vohra, Alison Milne and Stephen M Langley
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:5
  6. Aortic dissection is the most frequently diagnosed lethal disease of the aorta. Half of all patients with acute type-A aortic dissection die within 48 hours of presentation. There is still debate as to the opt...

    Authors: Andrzej W Sosnowski, Rajwinder S Jutley, Nicola Masala, Christos Alexiou and Justiaan Swanevelder
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:4
  7. Dyspahgia in patients with malignant mesothelioma is usually due to direct infiltration of the eosophagus by the tumour. It can be distressing for the patient and challenging for the physician to treat. We des...

    Authors: Enoch Akowuah and Joseph Rahamim
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:3
  8. The use of opioid analgesics to control pain after median sternotomy in cardiac surgical patients is worldwide accepted and established. However, opioids have a wide range of possible side effects, concerning ...

    Authors: Ioannis Koukis, Mihalis Argiriou, Antonia Dimakopoulou, Victor Panagiotakopoulos, Nikolaos Theakos and Christos Charitos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:2
  9. Aneurysms of the left main coronary artery are rare with an incidence of 0.1% in large angiographic series. The majority are atherosclerotic in origin. Other causes include connective tissue disorders, trauma,...

    Authors: Jeffrey E Everett and Harold M Burkhart
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:1
  10. Ischaemia-reperfusion injury is still a major problem after lung transplantation. Several reports describe the benefits of controlled graft reperfusion. In this study the role of length of the initial pressure...

    Authors: Stefan Guth, Diethard Prüfer, Thorsten Kramm and Eckhard Mayer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:54
  11. Topical negative pressure (TNP), commonly used in wound therapy, has been shown to increase blood flow and stimulate angiogenesis in skeletal muscle. We have previously shown that a myocardial TNP of -50 mmHg ...

    Authors: Sandra Lindstedt, Malin Malmsjö and Richard Ingemansson
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:53
  12. Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF), which often presents with bilioptysis, is an abnormal communication between the bronchial system and biliary tree. It is a complication associated with a high mortality rate and r...

    Authors: Hatice Eryigit, Selahattin Oztas, Senol Urek, Guven Olgac, Melahat Kurutepe and Cemal Asim Kutlu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:52
  13. Whilst there is much current data on early outcomes after Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), there is relatively little data on medium term outcomes in the current era. The purpose of this study is to pres...

    Authors: Babu Kunadian, Joel Dunning and Russell W. J. Millner
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:51
  14. Atherosclerotic disease of the arteries is a major cause of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke. Some patients are however not candidate for the standard treatment of angioplasty or...

    Authors: Hilal Al Sabti
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:49
  15. Postoperative bleeding might become a serious problem in the management of cardiac surgical patients, with marked medical and economic impact. In these life-threatening situations, massive haemorrhage represen...

    Authors: Daniel Heise, Anselm Bräuer and Michael Quintel
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:47
  16. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) today results in what may be regarded as acceptable levels of blood loss with many institutions avoiding allogeneic red cell transfusion in over 60% of their patients. Th...

    Authors: Kelvin Lau, Hetul Shah, Andrea Kelleher and Neil Moat
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:46
  17. The intra-operative histological assessment of fresh tissue can provide valuable diagnostic information and guide surgical management, however, even a limited exposure to standard fixation agents can potential...

    Authors: Andrew M Thomson and William A Wallace
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:45
  18. While it is believed that total arterial grafting (TAG) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers improved long-term outcomes when compared to conventional grafting with left internal mammary artery a...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Légaré, Ansar Hassan, Karen J Buth and John A Sullivan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:44
  19. To examine whether augmentation index (AIx) is increased in Marfan syndrome (MFS) and associated with increased aortic root size, and whether a peripheral-to-central generalised transfer function (GTF) can be ...

    Authors: Rupert A Payne, Roland C Hilling-Smith, David J Webb, Simon R Maxwell and Martin A Denvir
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:43
  20. We describe, in a 61 year old man, with coexistent aortic stenosis, the anomalous origin of posterior descending artery (PDA) from a stenotic left anterior descending (LAD) artery, as its continuation across t...

    Authors: Kalyana Javangula and Pankaj Kaul
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:42
  21. Ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia account for up to 25% of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Two percent of them are not accessible by standard cervical surgical approaches. Surgical res...

    Authors: Peter Tcherveniakov, Ashvini Menon, Richard Milton, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Mark Lansdown and James AC Thorpe
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:41
  22. The implantation of stentless valves is technically demanding and the outcome may depend on the performance of surgeons. We studied systematically the role of surgeons and other possible determinants for mid-t...

    Authors: Alexander Albert, Ines Florath, Ulrich Rosendahl, Wael Hassanein, Eberhard V Hodenberg, Stefan Bauer, Ina Ennker and Jürgen Ennker
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:40
  23. Ischemic mitral regurgitation often complicates severe ischemic heart disease and adversely affects the prognosis in these patients. There is wide variation in the clinical spectrum of ischemic mitral regurgit...

    Authors: Chittoor B Sai-Sudhakar, Rashmi Vandse, Todd A Armen, Katherine M Bickle and Nadia S Nathan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:39
  24. This study was conducted to follow plasma concentrations of sFlt-1 and sKDR, two soluble forms of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CAB...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:38
  25. Volatile breath biomarkers provide a non-invasive window to observe physiological and pathological processes in the body. This study was intended to assess the impact of heart surgery with extracorporeal circu...

    Authors: Florian Pabst, Wolfram Miekisch, Patricia Fuchs, Sabine Kischkel and Jochen K Schubert
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:37
  26. Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare tumors with an unfavourable prognosis. Complete surgical resection is currently the only mode of therapy proven to show any benefit. We report the cases of two patients presen...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Shaista Meraj, Mark T Jones, Isaac Kadir and Ben Bridgewater
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:34
  27. As our population ages and life expectancy increases the number of people aged over 80 and more referred for cardiac surgery is growing. This study sought to identify the outcome of aortic valve replacement (A...

    Authors: Amal K Bose, James D Aitchison and John H Dark
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:33
  28. Ventricular assist devices(VAD) implantation/removal is a complex surgical procedure with perioperative bleeding complications occurring in nearly half of the cases. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) h...

    Authors: Manish J Gandhi, Richard A Pierce, Lini Zhang, Marc R Moon, George J Despotis and Nader Moazami
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:32
  29. A 61 year old man presented with diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the skin of the back of the shoulder which was excised and treated with chemotherapy (CHOP regime) in 1998. He was in complete remission till h...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul and Kalyana Javangula
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:30
  30. A 41-year old non-smoking woman presented with persistent pleural effusion. Pleural fluid was hemorrhagic and fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. A working diagnosis of chronic haemothorax was mad...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar Kubal, Sanjay Ghotkar, John Gosney and Martyn Carr
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:29
  31. Lung transplantation (LTx) is widely accepted as a therapeutic option for end-stage respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis. However, airway complications remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in thes...

    Authors: Nouman U Khan, Mohamed Al-Aloul, Noman Khasati, Ali Machaal, Colm T Leonard and Nizar Yonan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:28
  32. Invasive coronary angiography is the gold standard means of imaging bypass vessels and carries a small but potentially serious risk of local vascular complications, including myocardial infarction, stroke and ...

    Authors: Emma S Houslay, Tristan Lawton, Anshuman Sengupta, Neal G Uren, Graham McKillop and David E Newby
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:27
  33. The use of a skeletonized internal thoracic artery in coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been shown to confer certain advantages over a traditional pedicled technique, particularly in certain patient gro...

    Authors: Rachel M Massey, Oliver J Warren, Michal Szczeklik, Sophie Wallace, Daniel R Leff, John Kokotsakis, Ara Darzi and Thanos Athanasiou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:26
  34. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with high morbidity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

    Authors: Daniele Starobin, Mordechai Rehuven Kramer, Moshe Garty and David Shitirt
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:25
  35. Long-term survival for combined aortic and mitral valve replacement appears to be determined by the mitral valve prosthesis from our previous studies. This 21-year retrospective study assess long-term outcome ...

    Authors: Niall C McGonigle, J Mark Jones, Pushpinder Sidhu and Simon W MacGowan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:24
  36. Mediastinitis is a rare, but serious complication of cardiac surgery. It has a significant socioeconomic impact and high morbidity. The purpose of this study was to determine pre-, intra-, and postoperative pr...

    Authors: Claudius Diez, Daniel Koch, Oliver Kuss, Rolf-Edgar Silber, Ivar Friedrich and Jochen Boergermann
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:23
  37. A single left coronary artery with right coronary artery arising from either left main stem (LMS) or left anterior descending artery (LAD) or circumflex artery (Cx) is an extremely rare coronary anomaly. This ...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul and Kalyana Javangula
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:20
  38. Calcific deposits are frequently observed at sites of healed myocardial infarcts. Grossly visible calcification of myocardial infarcts and calcified intracavitary cardiac thrombi are less common but recently a...

    Authors: Matthew Panagiotou, Kostas Markakis, Nikolaos Mourtzis, Stella Economidis, James Crockett and Efstratios N Koletsis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:19
  39. We evaluated the ability of 3D-CT and virtual bronchoscopy to estimate trachea stenosis in comparison to conventional axial CT and fiberoptic bronchoscopy, with a view to assist thoracic surgeons in depicting ...

    Authors: Efstratios N Koletsis, Christine Kalogeropoulou, Eleni Prodromaki, George C Kagadis, Konstantinos Katsanos, Konstantinos Spiropoulos, Theodore Petsas, George C Nikiforidis and Dimitris Dougenis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:18
  40. Excessive bleeding (EB) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to increased mortality, morbidity, transfusion requirements and re-intervention. Less than 50% of patients undergoing re-intervention exhibit...

    Authors: Juan J Jimenez Rivera, Jose L Iribarren, Jose M Raya, Ibrahim Nassar, Leonardo Lorente, Rosalia Perez, Maitane Brouard, Jose M Lorenzo, Pilar Garrido, Ysamar Barrios, Maribel Diaz, Blas Alarco, Rafael Martinez and Maria L Mora
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:17
  41. Techniques of reduction aortoplasty are widely published in the literature with conflicting results. External support seems to be an important factor in preventing recurrence but, in some cases, this technique...

    Authors: Ernesto Tappainer, Vinicio Fiorani, Andrea Nocchi, Ermal Likaj, Sabjan Memishaj and Mario Zogno
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:15

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