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  1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis and usual interstitial pneumonia are three most common indications for lung transplantation (LuTx) in Poland. As a result of irreversible destruction of p...

    Authors: Nikola Ruszel, Kajetan Kiełbowski, Maria Piotrowska, Michał Kubisa, Tomasz Grodzki, Janusz Wójcik and Bartosz Kubisa
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:341
  2. Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with poorer outcomes, increased resource utilisation, morbidity and mortality. Its pathogenesis is initiated by systemic inflammation and oxidative stres...

    Authors: Ahmad Farouk Musa, Jeswant Dillon, Mohamed Ezani Md Taib, Alwi Mohamed Yunus, Abdul Rais Sanusi, Mohd Nazeri Nordin and Julian A. Smith
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:340
  3. Although not common, coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) can develop to over 8 mm in diameter to become giant CAAs. In the context of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), autoantibody- and immune complex-mediated ...

    Authors: Zipeng Yao, Yanhong Long, Zheng Zong and Lin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:339
  4. This study was conducted to compare the outcomes of prosthetic ring versus autologous pericardial strip for the treatment of functional tricuspid regurgitation during left-sided valve surgery by minimally inva...

    Authors: Giuseppe Nasso, Nicola Di Bari, Giuseppe Santarpino, Marco Moscarelli, Mario Siro Brigiani, Ignazio Condello, Francesco Bartolomucci and Giuseppe Speziale
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:338
  5. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection accompanied by unilateral lung agenesis and Goldenhar syndrome is extremely rare.

    Authors: Takahiro Ito, Ikuo Hagino, Mitsuru Aoki, Kentaro Umezu, Tomohiro Saito and Akiyo Suzuki
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:337
  6. It is difficult to choose correctly interventional strategy for coronary intermediate lesions combined with myocardial bridge. Endovascular imaging is advocated to guide treatment, but flow reserve fraction (F...

    Authors: Yuecheng Hu, Hongliang Cong, Liuying Zheng and Dongxia Jin
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:336
  7. Median sternotomy remains the most common approach in cardiovascular surgery. Recently, minimally invasive procedures, such as minimally invasive cardiac surgery, robot surgery, and catheter therapy have been ...

    Authors: Masashi Hattori, Yu Matsumura and Fumitaka Yamaki
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:335
  8. This retrospective study sought to evaluate the efficacy of transit time flow measurement (TTFM) as a means of predicting bypass graft patency as assessed by coronary artery angiography upon 5-year follow-up.

    Authors: Caiwu Zeng, Xiaomi Li, Yan Dai, Ye Zhou, Chenglong Li, Nan Liu and Jiangang Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:334
  9. Thymic tumors usually present with adjacent organ invasion or pleural dissemination, but very few studies have reported on occult pleural dissemination detected intraoperatively. This study aimed to investigat...

    Authors: Zuodong Song, Shu Zhu, Tangbing Chen and Weigang Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:333
  10. To determine the diagnostic accuracy and safety of trans-thoracic echocardiography alone for indicating surgery by correlating preoperative trans-thoracic echocardiography with intra-operative findings in pati...

    Authors: Josiah Miner Njem, Frank Edwin and Mark Tettey
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:332
  11. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) has been reported to exert a protective role against diverse lung diseases and cognitive impairment-related diseases. Thus this study aimed to investigate its role on acute lung injury ...

    Authors: Xiaowei Wang, Yanbo Wang, Haiyan Pan and Ci Yan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:331
  12. CircMMP11 is a characterized circRNA with oncogenic function in breast cancer. In this study, we explored the involvement of circMMP11 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

    Authors: Juan Chen and Jiang Gong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:327
  13. Cannulation strategy in surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) remains controversial. We aimed to retrospectively analyze the safety and efficacy of double arterial cannulation (DAC) compared with ...

    Authors: He Zhang, Wei Xie, Yuzhou Lu, Tuo Pan, Qing Zhou, Yunxing Xue and Dongjin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:326
  14. SCIRT has been characterized as a key player in cancer biology, while its role in other human diseases is unclear. This study explored its role in atherosclerosis, with a specific focus on its interaction with...

    Authors: Wenhui Gao, Rong Li, Jingjing Yu, Xijie He, Duo Xu, Hai Zhong, Wenwen Dong and Hanbin Cui
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:324
  15. The PROSE trial purpose is to investigate whether the incidence of thromboembolic—related complications is reduced with a current generation mechanical prosthesis (On-X Life Technologies/CryoLife Inc.—On-X) co...

    Authors: W. R. Eric Jamieson, John L. Ely, Johan Brink, Timothy Pennel, Paul Bannon, Jashvant Patel, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Prasanna Simha Mohan Rao, Damyanti Agrawal, Lars Wiklund, A. Pieter Kappetein, Rune Haaverstad, Thomas Geisner, Torsten Doenst, Christian Schlensak, Salgunan Nair…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:323
  16. Oesophageal leiomyomas are one of the most common benign oesophageal tumours. This retrospective, observational study summarized and compared the clinical outcomes of thoracoscopic enucleation of oesophageal l...

    Authors: Luo Zhao, Xue Zhang, Chao Gao, Jia He, Zhijun Han and Li Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:322
  17. To determine whether maintaining ventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with a different fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) had an impact on the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs)...

    Authors: Meng-Qiu Zhang, Yu-Qi Liao, Hong Yu, Xue-Fei Li, Wei Shi, Wei-Wei Jing, Zai-Li Wang, Yi Xu and Hai Yu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:319
  18. Minimally invasive aortic valve procedures through a hemi-sternotomy or a right anterior mini-thoracotomy have gained popularity over the last several years. Totally endoscopic aortic valve replacement (TEAVR)...

    Authors: Antonios Pitsis, Nikolaos Tsotsolis, Harisios Boudoulas and Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:318
  19. The clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) overlap with those of other disorders, especially cardiovascular disease.

    Authors: Arezou Zoroufian, Reza Mohseni-Badalabadi, Mehrdad Mahalleh, Seyyed Mojtaba Ghorashi, Sharam Momtahen and Negar Omidi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:316
  20. Previous studies reported that patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) after cardiac surgery were at a higher risk of postoperative mortality. However, the...

    Authors: Tak Kyu Oh and In-Ae Song
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:315
  21. Bulla is a common cause of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) through the lateral chest wall is a common surgical approach and an effective treatment for this conditi...

    Authors: Weijiang Ma, Xiuping Deng, Ming Wen, Limin Yang, Xun Ouyang, Xin Liu and Yin Liu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:314
  22. It is unclear about the duration of anti-tuberculous therapy before pericardiectomy (DATT) in the patients with constrictive tuberculous pericarditis. This study aims to explore the optimal DATT and its impact...

    Authors: Likui Fang, Guocan Yu, Bo Ye, Fangming Zhong and Gang Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:313
  23. The treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) has rapidly evolved over the past decade, in both transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), resulting in reported improved clin...

    Authors: Ankur Panchal, Andreas Kyvernitakis, Geetha Rayarao, Mark Doyle and Robert W. W. Biederman
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:312
  24. The indications for surgical resection concerning multiple bilateral neurofibromas in the superior mediastinum remain controversial, because vascular injury or development of postoperative Horne syndrome are c...

    Authors: Yoko Azuma, Naobumi Tochigi, Atsushi Sano, Takashi Sakai and Akira Iyoda
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:310
  25. The goal of this study was to monitor the compliance and impact on a protocol change of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis in cardiac surgery favouring cefazolin instead cefuroxime, initiated by the hospital’s...

    Authors: Güzin Surat, Dominik Bernsen and Christoph Schimmer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:309
  26. This study aimed to determine the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism of elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in pulmonary sequestration (PS) patients.

    Authors: Quan Chen, Qijue Lu, Xiang Fei, Chunguang Li and Bai Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:308
  27. Bronchiolar adenoma (BA) is a recently proposed diagnostic terminology, which is considered as the expansion of the concept of ciliated muconodular papillary tumors. BA is considered to be a benign neoplasm, b...

    Authors: Xiaojun Li, Yonghui Wu, Dayang Hui, Xiaoxuan Luo, Weibin Wu, Jian Zhang and Huiguo Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:307
  28. For thoracic surgeons, three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3-DCTBA) is a convenient way to analyze pulmonary variations before segmentectomy. Mediastinal lingular artery (MLA) ...

    Authors: Chuan Gao, Wen-zheng Xu, Zhi-hua Li and Liang Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:306
  29. A novel surgical energy device with high sealing ability using microwave technology has been developed. This novel microwave surgical instrument (MSI) is capable of sealing and dissecting a vessel ≤ 5 mm in di...

    Authors: Atsushi Kamigaichi, Takeshi Mimura and Yoshinori Yamashita
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:305
  30. It is difficult to determine the lymph node metastasis of patients with clinically negative lymph nodes (cN0) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) before surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate risk...

    Authors: Bu Jianlong, Zhang Pinyi, Wu Xiaohong, Zhao Su, Pang Sainan, Ning Jinfeng and Xu Shidong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:304
  31. Video-assisted thoracic surgery sleeve resection with bronchial anastomosis or bronchoplasty is a technically demanding procedure. Three-dimensional endoscopic surgery has been reported to be helpful in decrea...

    Authors: Yong Won Seong, Jae Hyun Jeon, Hyo-Jun Jang, Sukki Cho, Sanghoon Jheon and Kwhanmien Kim
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:302
  32. Large esophageal perforations are challenging and often treated with exclusion or resection. This case demonstrates the feasibility of definitive surgical repair of a large esophageal perforation using large b...

    Authors: Hani Shennib, Michelle Baribault and Richard Heuser
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:300
  33. Coronary steal phenomenon and myocardial ischemia is a complication following decompression of a hypertensive right ventricle in patients with left coronary-cameral fistulae.

    Authors: Jacek Pająk, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Michał Buczyński, Wojciech Mądry, Darren James Grégoire, Piotr Weryński, Wanda Król-Jawień, Krzysztof Godlewski, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk and Jacek Kuźma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:299
  34. Primary pericardial mesothelioma (PPM) is a rare malignancy with a high prevalence of mortality. The diagnosis is usually challenging using a variety of imaging modalities and invasive procedures and is genera...

    Authors: Amir Savarrakhsh, Azin Vakilpour, Sam Zeraatian-Nejad Davani, Mahyar Daskareh, Mahdieh Morsaghian, Arsalan Salari and Seyedeh Fatemeh Mirrazeghi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:298
  35. To compare the effects of modified triple-branched stent implantation and frozen elephant trunk technique on the quality of life (QoL) of acute Stanford Type A aortic dissection (AAAD) patients at different fo...

    Authors: Zeng-Rong Luo, Mi-Rong Tang, Jia-Hui Li, Liang-Wan Chen and Liang-Liang Yan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:297
  36. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a challenging, but promising minimally invasive treatment option for patients with mitral valve disease. Depending on the anchoring mechanism, complications suc...

    Authors: Akito Imai, Arash Khamooshian, Keitaro Okamoto, Yoshiaki Saito, Inez J. Wijdh-den Hamer, Massimo A. Mariani, Matthew J. Gillespie, Robert C. Gorman, Joseph H. Gorman III and Wobbe Bouma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:295
  37. Hyperbilirubinemia is a common complication after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB), but the incidence and the risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to analyze the incidence and risk factor...

    Authors: Yingdi Gao, Dongjie Li, Honghong Dong, Yulin Guo, Yuanshu Peng, Yan Liu and Pixiong Su
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:294
  38. Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a rare but serious complication after median sternotomy, and treatment success depends mainly on surgical experience. Here we first present a case of a patient successful...

    Authors: Xia Jiang, Fanyu Bu, Yong Xu, Zhaohui Jing, Guoqing Jiao, Mingqiu Li and Xiaosong Rong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:292

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