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An alternate solution for the treatment of ascending aortic aneurysms: the wrapping technique

  • Georgios I. Tagarakis1Email author,
  • Dimos Karangelis1,
  • Andony J. Baddour1,
  • Marios E. Daskalopoulos1,
  • Vassilios T. Liouras1,
  • Dimitrios Papadopoulos2,
  • Konstantinos Stamoulis2,
  • Stefania S. Lampoura1 and
  • Nikolaos B. Tsilimingas1
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery20105:100

https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-5-100

Received: 3 September 2010

Accepted: 3 November 2010

Published: 3 November 2010

Abstract

Background

The aortic Dacron wrapping technique is a surgical technique used under certain circumstances in cases of ascending aorta dilatation. Herein, we are presenting our experience on the method performed on multimorbid patients who denied major aortic surgery.

Methods

We included in our series 7 patients (5 male-2 female) with mild to moderate ascending aortic dilatation, who were operated with the wrapping technique. One patient was submitted to biological aortic valve replacement during the same procedure. The number of conventionally operated patients during the same period (2 years) was 21.

Results

Mortality during the 18-months follow-up control was 0%. One patient had to be operated with biological aortic valve replacement 18 months after the initial wrapping operation, although the diameter of her ascending aorta remained stable.

Conclusions

The Dacron wrapping technique is a method that can alternatively be used in multimorbid patients with mild to moderate ascending aortic dilatation without dissecting elements and has generally good results.

Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor

Even in the current time of advanced surgical procedures and endovascular alternative techniques for the treatment of aortic pathologies, ascending aortic aneurysms remain a challenging problem for every cardiac surgeon. This is why our utmost interest was focused on the article recently published in your esteemed journal by Ang et al [1]; it dealt with the interesting topic of ascending aortic wrapping in cases of mild to moderate ascending aorta dilatation during aortic valve replacement procedures. Herein, we would like to present our own experience with the wrapping technique, which we used as an alternative procedure in the two-year period 2007 and 2008 in a series of 7 multimorbid patients who were at risk for major surgery, which they definitely refused. During the same period, the number of patients with ascending aortic aneurysm who were submitted to conventional ascending aortic aneurysm operation in our department was 21. The wrapping technique was not necessarily combined with aortic valve repair/replacement, and the morbid conditions of our patients included combinations of advanced age and severe organic or metabolic insufficiencies, such as diabetes mellitus, hypothyreoidism, coronary artery disease, previous CABG, severe heart or renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and adipositas per magna. These patients, whose characteristics can be seen in table 1, concentrated classical indications for ascending aorta replacement, but, due to the increased surgical risk and their wish to avoid major surgery, they were submitted to the Dacron wrapping technique, with excellent results in the long-term (18 months ) follow-up control.
Table 1

Patients' baseline characteristics and comorbidities

Patient number

Gender

Age

Aortic valve insufficiency/indication for surgical repair or replacement

Ascending aortic diameter

Comorbidities

Patient 1

Male

74

Mild to moderate, aortic valve replacement performed

5.3 cm

Diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, renal failure,

Patient 2

Female

70

Mild

5.4 cm

Diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, adipositas per magna, heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction 45%)

Patient 3

Male

78

Mild

5.3 cm

Diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, renal failure (dialysis), previous CABG

Patient 4

Male

74

Mild

5.5 cm

Diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, previous CABG

Patient 5

Male

80

Mild

5.4 cm

Diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction 30%)

Patient 6

Female

73

Mild

5.4 cm

Arterial hypertension , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, adipositas per magna

Patient 7

Male

77

Mild

5.4 cm

Arterial hypertension, previous CABG, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Intra-and perioperative mortality was 0%. In the 18 months' follow-up control none of the patients presented with augmented ascending aortic diameter (as measured per echocardiography and CT angiography). Patient No 2 developed progressive aortic valve insufficiency (with stable aortic diameter), and was submitted to successful biological aortic valve replacement 18 months after the initial operation.

In regard to the issue of neurological and neuropsychiatric complications (stroke, transient ischemic attacks, postoperative delirium), which can consist a major problem after aortic surgery, we are glad to report that no incidents of the kind were observed.

In conclusion, the Dacron wrapping technique can be an alternative solution for ascending aortic aneurysms without dissecting elements in cases of severely morbid patients who are unwilling to undergo major aortic surgery due to the significantly increased perioperative risk. We would however wish to emphasize that this technique should not be misused as a standard procedure in cases of ascending aortic dilatation, but adopted only in exceptional cases where mild to moderate dilatation, advanced age and major comorbidities are combined with the patient's wish to avoid major aortic surgery.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Declarations

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, University of Thessaly
(2)
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Thessaly

References

  1. Ang KL, Raheel F, Bajaj A, Sosnowski A, Galinanes M: Early impact of aortic wrapping on patients undergoing aortic valve replacement with mild to moderate ascending aorta dilatation. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010, 5: 58. 10.1186/1749-8090-5-58.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Tagarakis et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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