Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient details for 1067 index training cases

From: Results of consecutive training procedures in pediatric cardiac surgery

Age (years), median (interquartile range) (range)   0.7 (0.2, 7.1) (0.0, 44.1)
Weight (kg), median (interquartile range) (range)   6.9 (3.9, 20.6) (0.9, 178.2)
Basic Aristotle Score, mean (standard deviation) (range)   7.1 (2.0) (1.5, 14.5)
Procedure N Hospital mortality (%) Discharge % mortality STS database[3] Late mortality (%) a
Coarctation of the aorta, arch surgery, aortic aneurysm 148 5 (3.4) N/a 0
Ventricular septal defect (incl. 1 hybrid perventricular) 133 0 0-1.1 0
Heart transplantation 81 5 (6.2) 6.0 2 (2.5)
ECMO cannulation/decannulation 72 5 (6.9) N/a 4 (5.5)
Right ventricular outflow procedure 69 0 4-5.8 0
Atrio-ventricular canal 57 0 1.3, 4.5b 0
Atrial septal defect 39 0 1.4 0
Tetralogy of Fallot repair 39 1 (2.5) 0.4-2.7 0
Systemic to pulmonary shunt 35 4 (11.4) 7.6 1 (2.8)
Glenn 35 0 2 0
Vascular ring/sling 29 1 (3.4) N/a 0
Fontan (incl. 2 conversions) 27 1 (3.7) 3.9 0
Pericardial procedure 27 0 N/a 0
Ross, Konno, Ross-Konno 24 2 (8.3) 2.3c 0
Mitral valve replacement 20 2 (10) N/a 0
Pulmonary artery banding debanding 17 0 N/a 0
Aortic stenosis sub-/supravalvar 17 0 0d 0
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage 15 0 N/a 0
Pleural drainage/decortication 14 0 N/a 0
Pectus procedure 13 0 N/a 0
Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage 12 1 (8.3) 9.0 0
Diaphragm plication 11 0 N/a 0
Aortic root replacement (incl. 5 valve-sparing) 11 0 N/a 0
Aortic valve replacement 10 0 N/a 0
Truncus arteriosus 8 2 (25) N/a 0
Tricuspid valve procedure 7 0 N/a 0
Pulmonary artery reconstruction 7 1 (14.3) N/a 0
Coronary procedures 7 0 N/a 0
PA-VSD procedure 6 0 N/a 0
Mitral valve repair 6 1 (16.6) 1.4 0
Norwood stage I 6 0 31.4 1 (16.6)
Pulmonary valve/Right ventricular outflow tract enlargement 5 0 N/a 0
Cor triatriatum, supravalvar mitral ring 4 0 N/a 0
Double chambered right ventricle 4 0 N/a 0
Ventricular assist device (excl. transplantation) 3 1 (33.3) N/a 0
Atrial septal defect creation/enlargement 3 0 N/a 0
Aortic valve repair 3 0 N/a 0
Arterial switch 2 0 2.0 0
Rastelli 2 0 N/a 0
Double outlet right ventricle, intraventricular tunnel 2 0 N/a 0
Aorto-pulmonary window 1 0 N/a 0
Pulmonary vein stenosis 1 0 N/a 0
One-and-a-half ventricle repair 1 0 N/a 0
Mustard 1 0 N/a 0
Other 33 0   0
Total 1067 33 (3.1)   7 (0.6)
  1. N/a, not available; a - in addition to early mortality; b - for partial and complete AV canal respectively; c - for Ross operation; d - for subvalvar aortic stenosis