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Table 1 Summary of the current literature of arterial oxygen saturations following redirection of hepatic venous flow in Kawashima patients

From: Progressive cyanosis following Kawashima operation: slow resolution after redirection of hepatic veins

Study N Time from Kawashima to diagnosis/ redirection of PAVMs Saturation at diagnosis Saturation at early follow-up (follow-up time) Saturation at last follow-up (follow-up time)
Aidala [4]* 1 3 years 65% 70% at discharge 85% (1 year)
Baskett [15] 1 ≈3 years 71% 60-80% 92% (6 months)
Brown [9] 11** 5.7±3.1 years (2-11)† 75% (64-85%)‡ ND 95±2% (93-98)† (4.1±2.3 years (1-7))†
Knight [16] 1 25 months 65-70% 70% 96% (13 months)
Kutty [19] 13 2.61 years (0.61-7.35)‡ 76% (70-82%)† ND 88.7±7.6%†
Latson [20] 1 ≈14 years 50% 80% (day of operation) >93% (2 years)
McElhinney [6] 16 3.1 years (6 months-10 years)‡ 76% (65-85%)‡§ 76±8% (1 week-12 months)†§ 90±9%† (6.3 years (2.8-10 years))‡
Pandurangi [21] 1 72 hours 40-60%§ 85%|| 85% ||(48 hours)
Pike [17] 1 ≈2 years 68-70% 75% (4th day), 85% (3 weeks) 94% (7 weeks), 93-94% (7 months)
Shah [8] 3 8 months (7-27)‡ ND Range 80-84% (7-10 days) >92% (7-12 months)
Shinohara [13] 1 5 years and 9 months 75% 70% (1 month), 80 (0.5 years) 90% (2 years)
  1. N: Number of patients, ND: Not Described,
  2. *Partial redirection of the hepatic veins, **10 patients operated (nine evaluated for PAVMs), †Mean ± standard deviation (range),
  3. ‡Median (range), §Systemic arterial oxygen saturation, || dies 48 hours after operation