To evaluate the effectiveness of autologous pericardium ring in tricuspid annuloplasty surgery for the treatment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR).
From December 2010 to December 2012, a total of 107 patients with secondary TR underwent tricuspid annuloplasty. The patients were divided into three groups: autologous pericardium ring group (n = 38), Edwards-MC3 ring group (n = 35), and DeVega group (n = 34). The patients were followed-up for two years. The survival rates and free from hospital readmission rates were measured and analyzed. The patients also received transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in order to obtain TR regurgitant jet area to right atrial area (STR/STA), diastolic tricuspid annuloplasty diameter (DTAD), right atrial diameter (RAD), and right ventricular diameter (RVD).
One patient from DeVega group and one patient from autologous pericardium ring died from low cardiac output syndrome during the perioperative period. In the two-year follow-up period, each group has one instance of death for unclear reasons. One month after operation, the STR/STA, DTAD, RAD, and RVD values in all groups were significantly lower than the pre-operation values (P < 0.05). During the two year follow-up period, DTAD values of patients from DeVega group increased significantly as compared to the values at one month post operation (P<0.05), which is different from the other two groups in which DTAD values remained stable (P>0.05). In both pericardium ring group and Edwards-MC3 group, STR/SRA, remained stable (P>0.05) during the follow-up period, whereas STR/SRA of the DeVega group had showed a tendency of increase (although statistically insignificant, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the survival rates among three study groups (P > 0.05), but the rate of free from hospital readmission in the DeVega group was significantly lower than those in the other two groups (P < 0.05) during the two-year follow-up period.
Autologous pericardium tissue based ring annuloplasty demonstrated remarkable clinical utility for treating tricuspid regurgitation. It shows similar beneficial results to Edwards-MC3 annuloplasty within a short-term follow-up period, and outperforms the widely used DeVega annuloplasty. Autologous pericardium tissue annuloplasty represents a promising technique for tricuspid annuloplasty and holds great potential for treating tricuspid valve dysfunctions.