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Treatment approach to coronary aneurysms: percutaneous or surgical?

Abstract

We have recently read with great interest the article by Teng P et al. entitled “Giant right coronary artery aneurysm mimicking a right intra-ventricular mass: a case report”. We appreciate the authors for their reports describing the treatment of a giant right coronary aneurysm mimicking a right intra-ventricular mass. On the other hand, we believe that there are some major drawbacks that need to be addressed.

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To the Editor,

We have recently read with great interest the article by Teng P et al. entitled “Giant right coronary artery aneurysm mimicking a right intra-ventricular mass: a case report” [1]. We appreciate the authors for their reports describing the treatment of a giant right coronary aneurysm mimicking a right intra-ventricular mass. On the other hand, we believe that there are some major drawbacks that need to be addressed.

First, giant coronary artery aneurysms are rare clinical entities that may have catastrophic consequences such as myocardial infarction [2]. Angiographic incidence of giant coronary artery aneurysms has been reported to be 0.02–0.2% and it is more common in men and mostly seen in right coronary artery. The common causes of an aneurysm in adults are atherosclerosis, vasculitis (such as Takayasu and Behçet) whereas in children is associated with Kawasaki’s disease [3]. In this case report, the authors stated that the patient did not have kawasaki disease, but was the patient evaluated for connective tissue disease, vasculitis and especially for Behçet? We know that the coexistence of vasculitis and giant coronary aneurysms is not as rare as it seems [4].

Second, in the last 10 years, case reports on percutaneous treatment of giant coronary aneurysms have been reported in the literature [5, 6]. It should be considered especially if the proximal and distal edge of the aneurysm is suitable for percutaneous stent implantation. In this case report, was the patient evaluated for percutaneous treatment before surgery? We know that the aneurysm can be treated successfully if the aneurysmal formation with good distal vascular bed is suitable for stent implantation of the distal and proximal vascular bed.

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References

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The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/ or publication of this article.

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All authors equally contributed to the analysis of the results and to the writing of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Ahmet Güner.

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Güner, A., Güner, E.G., Kalkan, A.K. et al. Treatment approach to coronary aneurysms: percutaneous or surgical?. J Cardiothorac Surg 15, 129 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-020-01185-0

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Keywords

  • Giant
  • Coronary arteries
  • Aneursym