Futter JE, Cleland JG, Clark AL. Body mass indices and outcome in patients with chronic heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail. 2011;13(2):207–13.
Lavie CJ, De Schutter A, Patel DA, Romero-Corral A, Artham SM, Milani RV. Body composition and survival in stable coronary heart disease: impact of lean mass index and body fat in the “obesity paradox.” J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012;60(15):1374–80.
Fontaine KR, Redden DT, Wang C, Westfall AO, Allison DB. Years of life lost due to obesity. JAMA. 2003;289(2):187–93.
Habib RH, Zacharias A, Schwann TA, Riordan CJ, Durham SJ, Shah A. Effects of obesity and small body size on operative and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery: a propensity-matched analysis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;79(6):1976–86.
Rahmanian PB, Adams DH, Castillo JG, Chikwe J, Bodian CA, Filsoufi F. Impact of body mass index on early outcome and late survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or valve surgery or both. Am J Cardiol. 2007;100(11):1702–8.
Mariscalco G, Wozniak MJ, Dawson AG, Serraino GF, Porter R, Nath M, et al. Body mass index and mortality among adults undergoing cardiac surgery: a nationwide study with a systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation. 2017;135(9):850–63.
Oreopoulos A, Padwal R, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Fonarow GC, Norris CM, McAlister FA. Body mass index and mortality in heart failure: a meta analysis. Am Heart J. 2008;156(1):13–22.
Badheka AO, Rathod A, Kizilbash MA, Garg N, Mohamad T, Afonso L, Jacob S. Influence of obesity on outcomes in atrial fibrillation: yet another obesity paradox. Am J Med. 2010;123(7):646–51.
Angeras O, Albertsson P, Karason K, Ramunddal T, Matejka G, James S, Lagerqvist B, Rosengren A, Omerovic E. Evidence for obesity paradox in patients with acute coronary syndromes: a report from the Swedish coronary angiography and angioplasty registry. Eur Heart J. 2013;34(5):345–53.
Sannino A, Schiattarella GG, Toscano E, Gargiulo G, Giugliano G, Galderisi M, Losi MA, Stabile E, Cirillo P, Imbriaco M, et al. Meta-analysis of effect of body mass index on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Am J Cardiol. 2017;119(2):308–16.
Lio A, Bovio E, Nicolò F, et al. Influence of body mass index on outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for acute aortic dissection: a propensity-matched analysis. Tex Heart Inst J. 2019;46(1):7–13.
Chen LW, Dai XF, Wu XJ, et al. Ascending aorta and hemiarch replacement combined with modified triple-branched stent graft implantation for repair of acute Debakey type I aortic dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;103:595–601.
Bei-Fan Z, Cooperative Meta-Analysis Group of the Working Group on Obesity in China. Predictive values of body mass index and waist circumference for risk factors of certain related diseases in Chinese adults-study on optimal cut-off points of body mass index and waist circumference in Chinese adults. Biomed Environ Sci. 2002;15(1):83–96.
Ganapathi AM, Englum BR, Hanna JM, et al. Frailty and risk in proximal aortic surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014;147:186-91.e1.
Mosteller RD. Simplified calculation of body-surface area. N Engl J Med. 1987;317(17):1098.
James WPT, Waterlow JC. Research on obesity: a report of the DHSS/MRC group. HM Stationery Office; 1976.
Lin H, Du Y, Yu C, et al. Single stage hybrid repair for Debakey type I aortic dissection in high risk patients. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2018;56:363–72.
Qiu Z-H, Chen L-W, Liao L-M, Xiao J, Dai X-F, Fang G-H, et al. Efficiency of modifified triple-branched stent graft in type I aortic dissection: two-year follow-up. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020;110(3):925–32.
Luo Z-R, Liao D-S, Chen L-W. Comparative analysis of postoperative sexual dysfunction and quality of life in type a aortic dissection patients of different ages. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2021;16(1):117.
Xu S, Liu J, Li L, et al. Cardiopulmonary bypass time is an independent risk factor for acute injury in emergent thoracic aortic surgery: a retrospective cohort study. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2019;14:90.
Qian SC, Ma WG, Pan XD, et al. Renal malperfusion affects operative mortality rather than late death following acute type A aortic dissection repair. Asian J Surg. 2020;43:213–9.
Sheng W, Yang H-Q, Chi Y-F, Niu Z-Z, Lin M-S, Long S. Independent risk factors for hypoxemia after surgery for acute aortic dissection. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(8):940–6.
Möller CM, Ellmauer P-P, Zeman F, Bitzinger D, Flörchinger B, Graf BM, et al. Postoperative acute respiratory dysfunction and the influence of antibiotics after acute type A aortic dissection surgery: a retrospective analysis. PLoS One. 2021;16(2):e0246724.
Kordonowy LL, Burg E, Lenox CC, Gauthier LM, Petty JM, Antkowiak M, et al. Obesity is associated with neutrophil dysfunction and attenuation of murine acute lung injury. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012;47:120–7.
Mazloom Z, Hejazi N, Dabbaghmanesh MH. Effects of obesity on inflammation and lipid profile of obese women. Saudi Med J. 2009;30:1357–8.
Ray CS, Sue DY, Bray G, Hansen JE, Wasserman K. Effects of obesity on respiratory function. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1983;128(3):501–6.
Nicholl DD, Ahmed SB, Loewen AH, et al. Declining kidney function increases the prevalence of sleep apnea and nocturnal hypoxia. Chest. 2012;141:1422–30.
Amann K, Benz K. Structural renal changes in obesity and diabetes. Semin Nephrol. 2013;33(1):23–33.
Liu T, Yuwei Fu, Liu J, Liu Y, Zhu J, Sun L, et al. Body mass index is an independent predictor of acute kidney injury after urgent aortic arch surgery for acute DeBakey Type I aortic dissection. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2021;16(1):145.
Theivacumar NS, Stephenson MA, Mistry H, Valenti D. Diabetes mellitus and aortic aneurysm rupture: a favorable association? Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2014;48:45–50.
Gomibuchi T, Seto T, Komatsu M, Tanaka H, Ichimura H, Yamamoto T, et al. Impact of frailty on outcomes in acute type A aortic dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018;106(5):1349–55.
Lin HS, Watts JN, Peel NM, Hubbard RE. Frailty and post-operative outcomes in older surgical patients: a systematic review. BMC Geriatr. 2016;16(1):157.
Ferrucci L, Fabbri E. Inflammageing: chronic inflammation in ageing, cardiovascular disease, and frailty. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2018;15(9):505–22.
Wilson D, Jackson T, Sapey E, Lord JM. Frailty and sarcopenia: the potential role of an aged immune system. Ageing Res Rev. 2017;36:1–10.
Chang H-H, Chen P-L, Leu H-B, Chen I-M, Wu N-Y, Chen Y-H. Sex difference in the prognostic role of body composition parameters in Taiwanese patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2020;20(1):283.