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  1. Rapid-deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) is an alternative to conventional AVR (cAVR) for aortic stenosis. Benefits include a reduction in operative times, facilitation of minimal access surgery and s...

    Authors: Sharan J Kapadia, Mohammed Yousuf Salmasi, Alicja Zientara, Isabelle Roussin, Cesare Quarto and George Asimakopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:95
  2. When technical requirements are high, and patient outcomes are critical, opportunities for monitoring and improving surgical skills via objective motion analysis feedback may be particularly beneficial. This n...

    Authors: Merryn D. Constable, Hubert P. H. Shum and Stephen Clark
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:94
  3. Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) following open heart surgery is associated with excessive morbidity and mortality. Contemporary DSWI risk prediction models aim at identifying high-risk patients with varyin...

    Authors: Tina Kamensek, Jurij Matija Kalisnik, Mirek Ledwon, Giuseppe Santarpino, Matthias Fittkau, Ferdinand Aurel Vogt and Janez Zibert
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:93
  4. A shorter length of stay (LOS) is associated with fewer hospital-acquired adverse conditions and decreased utilization of hospital resources. While modern perioperative care protocols have enabled some ambitio...

    Authors: Russell Seth Martins, Asad Saulat Fatimi, Amna Irfan Ansari, Hamna Raheel, Kostantinos Poulikidis, M. Jawad Latif, Syed Shahzad Razi and Faiz Y. Bhora
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:91
  5. During cardiac surgery, transcranial Doppler (TCD) represents a non-invasive modality that allows measurement of red blood cell flow velocities in the cerebral arteries. TCD can also be used to detect and moni...

    Authors: Stéphanie Jarry, Etienne J. Couture, William Beaubien-Souligny, Armindo Fernandes, Annik Fortier, Walid Ben-Ali, Georges Desjardins, Karel Huard, Tanya Mailhot and André Y. Denault
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:90
  6. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is traditionally used to treat postoperative wound infections. However, its use in closed wound sternotomy post cardiac surgery in high-risk patients has become increasin...

    Authors: Hind Elhassan, Ridha Amjad, Unna Palaniappan, Mahmoud Loubani and David Rose
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:87
  7. This study is designed to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the short-term outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery.

    Authors: Chen-ying Ding, Wen-hui Qi, Yu-jie An, Xin Yuan and Yun-tai Yao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:86
  8. Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lung resections are increasingly popular and localization techniques are necessary to aid resection. We describe our experience with hybrid operating room (OR) cone-beam com...

    Authors: Audrey Qi Xin Chia, Apoorva Gogna, Angela Maria Takano Pena, Vishnu Vemula Sri Sai, Sivanathan Chandramohan, Shaun Ju Min Xavier Chan and Boon-Hean Ong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:85
  9. Recent research suggested that hospital infections are a predictive marker for physical non-recovery one year after cardiothoracic surgery. The purpose of this study was to explore whether this risk factor is ...

    Authors: Hilda G. Rijnhart-de Jong, Jo Haenen, Fabiano Porta, Marijke Timmermans, E. Christiaan Boerma and Kim de Jong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:84
  10. Adult patients surviving with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is growing. We examine the factors associated with heart transplant outcomes in this challenging population with complex anatomy requiring redo-sur...

    Authors: Hüseyin Sicim, Pierre Emmanuel Noly, Suyash Naik, Vikram Sood, Richard G. Ohye, Jonathan W. Haft, Keith D. Aaronson, Francis D. Pagani, Ming-Sing Si and Paul C. Tang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:83
  11. The decision of whether to perform a large anatomic resection for a lung mass that is not definitely malignant comes often forward in the everyday practice of the thoracic surgeon. The general characteristics ...

    Authors: Fani Tsolaki, Georgios I. Tagarakis and Ioannis Tagarakis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:82
  12. To compare postoperative outcomes in patients with left main coronary artery disease who underwent off-pump isolated coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel disease using either skeletonized bilateral ...

    Authors: Kohei Hachiro, Noriyuki Takashima and Tomoaki Suzuki
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:81
  13. Progression of proximal or distal aortic dilatation is defined as reverse aortic remodeling after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) that may be dependent on aortic wall degeneration.

    Authors: Trina Chen, Ivana Kholova, Timo Paavonen and Ari Mennander
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:80
  14. Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is a rare benign tumor, which is often mistaken for a vegetation. Predominantly asymptomatic, it can cause life-threatening complications. Although rare, mobile papillary fibroe...

    Authors: Koji Funaishi, Hirofumi Kasahara, Naohiko Oki, Tomoyori Nakatogawa and Kazuhiro Yamanoi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:79
  15. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare disease, which can lead to the direct return of unoxidized venous blood to pulmonary veins and left heart, resulting in right-to-left shunt leading to hypoxia. ...

    Authors: Zhangmin Wu, Chunyu Zeng, Hongyong Wang, Weibin Shi and Xiaoli Luo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:78
  16. Complete atrioventricular septal defect is a complicated congenital heart malformations, and surgical correction is the best treatment, the severe tricuspid stenosis is a rare long-term complication after the ...

    Authors: Qi-Liang Zhang, Yu-Kun Chen, Shi-Hao Lin, Xin-Wei Du, Qiang Chen, Shun-Min Wang and Hua Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:77
  17. Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are an established treatment for end-stage left ventricular heart failure. Parameters are needed to identify the most appropriate patients for LVADs. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Freya Sophie Jenkins, Jan-Philipp Minol, Tarik Akar, Esma Yilmaz, Moritz Benjamin Immohr, Ismail Dalyanoglu, Bernhard Korbmacher, Joel Aissa, Udo Boeken, Artur Lichtenberg, Payam Akhyari and Hannan Dalyanoglu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:76
  18. Mitral valve (MV) repair for Carpentier functional classification Type II (C-II) mitral regurgitation (MR) is widely accepted because of its efficacy. It is unclear whether MV repair has the same benefits in e...

    Authors: Masashi Kawamura, Osamu Monta, Shusaku Maeda and Yasushi Tsutsumi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:75
  19. Surgical pulmonary artery thrombectomy is a well-established emergency treatment for massive pulmonary embolism (PE) in which fibrinolysis or thrombolysis are not effective. However, surgery for massive PE tha...

    Authors: Hanae Sasaki, Ryosuke Kowatari, Norihiro Kondo and Masahito Minakawa
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:74
  20. Benign tracheobronchial stenosis is a abnormal tracheal lumen narrowing that may incur progressive dyspnea and life-threatening hypoxemia. There is no consensus on which patients should be treated with endosco...

    Authors: Gaetana Messina, Vincenzo Di Filippo, Francesca Capasso, Maria Antonietta Puca, Beatrice Leonardi, Mario Grande, Anna Rainone, Francesco Leone, Giuseppe Vicario, Simona De Gregorio, Giuseppe Cerullo, Antonio Ponticiello, Mario Pirozzi, Stefano Farese, Alessia Zotta, Giovanni Natale…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:73
  21. Patients of interstitial lung disease (ILD) combined with pulmonary lesions are increasingly common in clinical practice. Patients with ILD are at significantly higher risk for complications after pulmonary re...

    Authors: Chuan Huang, Yao-Guang Sun, Chao Ma, Peng Jiao, Qing-Jun Wu, Wen-Xin Tian, Han-Bo Yu and Hong-Feng Tong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:72
  22. Supra aortic obstruction in children is uncommon and is seen in certain unique conditions. While intraluminal obstruction due to heavy calcification is seen in older populations, it is not described in pediatr...

    Authors: Neerod Kumar Jha, Benedict Raj Kumar, Nishant Shah, Osama Abdullah, Oraib Al Ketan, Fraser Harban and Mohammad Daud Khan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:71
  23. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is an extremely rare and highly fatal complication leading to a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Successful management of AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma has...

    Authors: Jina Li, Yan Hu, Wenliang Liu, Jingqun Tang, Song Zhu and Chao Zeng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:70
  24. Differential diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy is an issue of debate. Lymph nodes may be enlarged due to a variety of inflammatory, infectious, or malignant reasons. Therefore, obtaining samples from th...

    Authors: Ahmed Al-Halfawy, Sabah Hussein, Wafaa Ashur, Ali El-Hendawi and Sara Hussein
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:69
  25. Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is proven to have neuroprotective protective effects. Nevertheless, the impact of RIPC on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients undergoing general anesth...

    Authors: Mengnan Han, Yanru Du, Jianli Li, Yi Li, Shuang Han and Chong Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:68
  26. Although pulmonary artery banding (PAB) has been generally acknowledged as an initial palliative treatment for patients having single ventricle (SV) physiology and unrestrictive pulmonary blood flow (UPBF), it...

    Authors: Gaser A. Abdelmohsen, Hala A. Gabel, Rawan M. Alamri, Ahmed Baamer, Osman O. Al-Radi, Aliaa Binyamin, Ahmed A. Jamjoom, Ahmed F. Elmahrouk, Saud A. Bahaidarah, Naif A. Alkhushi, Mohamed H. Abdelsalam, Hossam Ibrahim, Ahmed R. Elakaby, Adeep Khawaji, Abdullah Alghobaishi, Khadijah A. Maghrabi…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:67
  27. We aimed to explore the predictive values of ultrasonic diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) combined with integrative weaning index (IWI) in weaning patients with mechanical ventilation.

    Authors: Hai Lin, Mingming Yao, Ziwen Qin, Shilin Fu and Hongyou Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:66
  28. Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common congenital abnormality of the chest wall. Most patients with PE have slim bodies. Some studies have been conducted on the physical growth of children and adolescents wh...

    Authors: Nay Htut, I-Shiang Tzeng, Yu-Jiun Fan and Yeung-Leung Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:65
  29. Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the heart are lethal, and most patients die before they arrive to the hospital. Survival decreases with number of cardiac chambers involved. We report a case of a 17-year-old male who s...

    Authors: Alexandros N. Karavas, Keeyon Olia, Dane Scantling, Jacob Nudel, Jacob Kriegel and Niloo M. Edwards
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:64
  30. To our knowledge, no previously reported clinical data of a coronary artery fistula forming a pseudoaneurysm and presenting as a anterior chest wall lump. We reported a rare case of Coronary pseudoaneurysm wit...

    Authors: Chuanxiao Mi, Xiangxi Zhang, Liyuan Wang, Yan Yun, Fang Li, Yi Li, Yuxin Liu, Shouji Zhang, Chengwei Zou, Haizhou Zhang and Xiaochun Ma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:63
  31. Electrical storm (ES) is a clinical emergency characterized by multiple malignant ventricular arrhythmias or ICD discharges within 24 h, requiring early rational management.

    Authors: Lei Wang, Pengfei Li, Jun li, Jicheng Xi, Zhibiao Zhang, Fang Yan, Yanan Zhang, Haixiong Wang and Huiyuan Han
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:62
  32. Fallot-type absent pulmonary valve is a rare and complex congenital heart disease. Repair surgery for this condition during the neonatal period has a mortality rate of over 50%. We reported a neonate with Fall...

    Authors: Chunjie Mu, Minzhang Zhao, Runwei Ma, Xiang Li, Min Liu and Yao Deng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:61
  33. Pulmonary complications after thoracic surgery are common and associated with significant morbidity and high cost of care. Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) could reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmona...

    Authors: Shuang Han, Xiaoqian Wu, Pan Li, Kun He and Jianli Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:60
  34. The internal fixation for rib fracture with single-operation-port (two ports) complete video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a promising surgical approach for treating multiple rib fractures. The stud...

    Authors: Jindong Wang, Zhiguang Sun, Yongshuai Liu, Weiyong Gong, Jianxin Wang, Junyi Deng, Yue Fu and Jishan Lan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:59
  35. This study examined the effect of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) pathway on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the potential molecular mechanism.

    Authors: Yanan Zhang, Jinxia Wang, Yuling Wang and Kai Lei
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:58
  36. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of selective aneurysmal sac neck-targeted embolization in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with a hostile neck anatomy (HNA).

    Authors: Lifeng Zhang, Yongjiang Tang, Jiantao Wang, Xianjun Liu, Yang Liu, Wei Zeng and Chunshui He
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:57
  37. Aortic involvement in patients with Behcet’s disease (BD) is rare, but it is one of the most severe manifestations. Open surgical repair of aortic aneurysm is challenging considering the high risk of postopera...

    Authors: Wenzhuo Lian, Xitao Song, Liqiang Cui, Yuehong Zheng, Changwei Liu and Leng Ni
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:56
  38. Subglottic Stenosis (SGS), with increasing numbers of studies, is the most specific and common clinical type of Laryngotracheal Stenosis (LTS). There is rapid publication turnover with newer management introdu...

    Authors: Yaping Zhang, Zhanqiu Dai, Qixin Xia, Yufeng Wu, TingxiaoZhao, Qi Chen, Chen Xia, Jun Zhang and Jiongnan Xu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:55
  39. Anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery (AAOCA) is a rare congenital heart disease. Therefore, optimal indications for surgery in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) complicated by AAOCA rem...

    Authors: Keisuke Yoshida, Yujiro Miura, Yukiko Fukunaga and Atsuyuki Mitsuishi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:54
  40. Early-stage esophageal cancer is treated using endoscopic submucosal dissection and esophagectomy. Field cancerization in patients with early-stage esophageal cancer affects treatment outcomes and causes synch...

    Authors: Ruei-Ti Ke, Yu-Hsin Hsiao, Wei-Chen Tai, Shau-Hsuan Li, Chih-Chien Yao, Kai-Hao Chuang, Hsing-Hua Lai, Yu Chen, Li-Chun Chen, Hung-I Lu, Yen-Hao Chen and Chien-Ming Lo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:52
  41. Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) constitutes a serious complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the dose-response relationship between glycated...

    Authors: Wenyu Zhao, Jingui Xie, Zhichao Zheng, Han Zhou, Oon Cheong Ooi and Haidong Luo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:51
  42. Chylopericardium is a rare condition characterized by the accumulation of chyle in the pericardial space. It is most commonly caused by thoracic duct injury. Chylopericardium following esophagectomy is extreme...

    Authors: Xinglin Yang, Jinghong Zhang, Pengxia Sun, Jihai Liu, Jiangshan Wang and Huadong Zhu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:50
  43. Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is a relatively uncommon condition which is difficult to distinguish from thrombus, particularly when the site of infection or the patient’s symptoms are atypical. The...

    Authors: Wenjing Ge, Bijun Wu, Zhen Wang and Haichun Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:49
  44. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) of the heart are rarely observed in the eldly. We report a case involving an elderly woman with an IMT situated on the right atrial wall. The tumor was fully excised....

    Authors: Fu-Rong Luo, Yi-Fen Lin, Jing-Lian Lin, Xiao-Shan Liang, Hui-Jun Xiao and Rui-Gang Huang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:47
  45. Tumor-like lesions of the trachea are rare and challenging in diagnosis and management. Inflammatory myofibroblastoma, also known as Inflammatory pseudo tumors (IPTs), as well as Rosai Dorfman Disease (RDD) ar...

    Authors: Ahmed Musaad Abd-Elfattah, Alaa Gaafar, Hisham Atef Ebada, Mahmoud Seif-Elnasr, Ahmed Domain, Fedaey Ramadan Habaza, Khaled Zalata and Ali Tawfik
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:43
  46. Temporary mechanical circulatory support is a treatment of choice for patients in severe cardiogenic shock. Combining veno-arterial extracorporeal life support (ECLS) with devices that enable left ventricular ...

    Authors: Alexander Fardman, Nikolay Dranishnikov, Gaik Nersesian, Volkmar Falk and Evgenij Potapov
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:42

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