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  1. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and outcome of infective endocarditis at a general hospital in China and to identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality.

    Authors: Lulu Ma, Ying Ge, Haobo Ma, Bo Zhu and Qi Miao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:135

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In a rabbit model of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and cardioplegic arrest, we previously showed that hyperoxic myocardial reperfusion was associated with increased left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction an...

    Authors: Yun-Wen Peng, Terry Major, Azmath Mohammed, Kristopher B. Deatrick and John R. Charpie

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:134

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Given the similarities between coronary ostia and renal arteries, chimney grafts (CG) for kidney perfusion during abdominal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) can be considered for coronary perfusion in futur...

    Authors: Enrico Ferrari, Changtian Wang, Denis Berdajs and Ludwig Karl von Segesser

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:132

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) via an antegrade transapical access (TA-TAVR) is largely reserved to cases not amenable to transfemoral TAVR. Challenges resulting from unusual thoracic anatomies ...

    Authors: Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Angela Kornberger, Martin Geyer, Alexander Tamm and Ralph Stephan von Bardeleben

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:131

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Salvage surgery has been frequently performed, increasing the opportunity to actively perform surgery for recurrence after a function-preserving operation. However, re-operation after airway reconstruction sur...

    Authors: Jun Hanaoka, Yo Kawaguchi, Keigo Okamoto, Ryosuke Kaku and Yasuhiko Ohshio

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:130

    Content type: Case report

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  6. We have recently read with great interest the article by Teng P et al. entitled “Giant right coronary artery aneurysm mimicking a right intra-ventricular mass: a case report”. We appreciate the authors for the...

    Authors: Ahmet Güner, Ezgi Gültekin Güner, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Fatih Uzun and Mehmet Ertürk

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:129

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. As an extensive surgery, minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has advantages in reducing morbidity and improving quality of life for patients suffering from esophageal cancer. This study aims to investigate ...

    Authors: Zongjie Li, Canhui Liu, Yuanguo Liu, Sheng Yao, Biao Xu and Guohua Dong

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:128

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The current treatment for aortic stenosis includes open surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) as well as endovascular transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This study aims to compare the 1-year, 2–...

    Authors: Ashlynn Ler, Yeo Jie Ying, Faizus Sazzad, Andrew M. T. L. Choong and Theo Kofidis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:127

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Owing to the high patency, the use of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) for left anterior descending artery (LAD) grafting has been a cornerstone of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Howeve...

    Authors: Guodong Zhang, Zhou Zhao, Yu Chen, Shenglong Chen and Gang Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:126

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Transthoracic esophagectomy is a crucial independent risk factor for the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in elderly or comorbid patients. To reduce postoperative cardiopulmonary compli...

    Authors: Qifan Yin, Huining Liu, Yongbin Song, Shaohui Zhou, Guang Yang, Wenhao Wang, Peng Qie, Xuejiao Xun and Lijun Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:125

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Heart failure complicated by pulmonary embolism is an extremely rare condition described in the literature. We report a case of very young patient with advanced heart failure against the background of dilated ...

    Authors: Jerzy Pacholewicz, Szymon Leonik, Maciej Sojka and Paweł Nadziakiewicz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:123

    Content type: Case report

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  12. To analyze the efficacy of minimally invasive beating heart technique for mitral valve surgery in the cardiac patients with previous sternotomy and giant left ventricle.

    Authors: Hang Zhang, Hua-shan Xu, Bing Wen, Wen-zeng Zhao and Chao Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:122

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Thoracic aortic graft infection (TAGI) is a rare and serious complication after surgery for which the treatment is controversial and challenging. Rather than following the traditional surgical strategy of graf...

    Authors: Jiawei Zhou, Junfeng Sun, Xingxing Yao, Guochang Zhao, Fuqiang Sun, Weiyong Sheng, Fanfan Lu, Haibo Zhan and Chao Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:120

    Content type: Case report

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  14. There is an ever-growing number of patients requiring aortic valve replacement (AVR). Limited data is available on the long-term outcomes and structural integrity of bioprosthetic valves in younger patients un...

    Authors: Bart Meuris, Michael A. Borger, Thierry Bourguignon, Matthias Siepe, Martin Grabenwöger, Günther Laufer, Konrad Binder, Gianluca Polvani, Pierluigi Stefano, Enrico Coscioni, Wouter van Leeuwen, Philippe Demers, Francois Dagenais, Sergio Canovas, Alexis Theron, Thierry Langanay…

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with high-priming volume can significantly activate the inflammatory response and increse the usage of packed red blood cells (PRBCs). As risks and complications related to transfu...

    Authors: Lei Wang, Qiang Chen, Yong Qiang Qiu, Jian Xi Ye, Jian Zhi Du, Xiao Chai Lv, Yan Ting Hou and Liang Wan Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:118

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A polyglycolic acid (PGA) patch is often used in pulmonary bullae resection, but consensus has not been reached on its effect on patient recovery. The aim of the study is to conduct a systematic review and met...

    Authors: Yuang Mao, Zulei Zhang, Weibiao Zeng, Wenxiong Zhang, Jianyong Zhang, Guangmiao You and Yiping Wei

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:117

    Content type: Research article

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  17. To observe the surgical index at the different learning stages of thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position for esophageal cancer and to investigate the learning curve of this surgical procedure.

    Authors: Tao Wang, Mu-yuan Ma, Bo Wu, Yang Zhao, Xiao-feng Ye and Tao Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:116

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This study aimed to explore the significance of preoperative levels of squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and albumin on the cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with stage T1-3N0M0 in esophageal s...

    Authors: Lei-Lei Wu, Xuan Liu, Wei Huang, Peng Lin, Hao Long, Lan-Jun Zhang and Guo-Wei Ma

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:115

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Madelung’s disease (MD) is a rare disorder of fat metabolism, which is usually associated with diabetes, hyperuricemia, liver disease, nevertheless there is no report of a patient with MD and pulmonary aspergi...

    Authors: Weijiang Ma, Xilong Zhao, Xu Li, Chenxi Zang, Limin Yang, Yan Wang and Xin Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:114

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Right heart failure (RHF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is common and associated with worse outcome. Prediction of RHF remains challenging. Our study aims to assess predictors of RHF...

    Authors: Tobias Wagner, Alexander M. Bernhardt, Christina Magnussen, Hermann Reichenspurner, Stefan Blankenberg and Hanno Grahn

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:113

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Enhanced recovery after lobectomy surgery (ERAS) concept has been greatly developed between clinical implementation and minimally invasive surgery. In addition to the minimally invasive surgery, the management...

    Authors: Cheng Shen and Guowei Che

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:112

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  22. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in patients with heart valve disease. Our aim was to summarize our experience and evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Cox maze III p...

    Authors: Chang-tian Wang, Lei Zhang, Tao Qin, Zhi-long Xi, Lei Sun, Hai-wei Wu and De-min Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:111

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The present study aimed to use an ex-vivo model to investigate whether a new method involving the use of fibrin glue and a polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet under ventilation enhances the sealing effect after repa...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Kondo, Yoshitaka Takegawa, Masaki Hashimoto, Seiji Matsumoto, Shiro Oka and Seiki Hasegawa

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:110

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Patients with moderate-severe systolic dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft have a higher incidence of postoperative low cardiac output. Preconditioning with levosimendan may be a useful strateg...

    Authors: Juan José Jiménez-Rivera, Andrea Álvarez-Castillo, Jorge Ferrer-Rodríguez, José Luis Iribarren-Sarrías, Martín Jesús García-González, Pablo Jorge-Pérez, Juan Lacalzada-Almeida, Rosalía Pérez-Hernández, Javier Montoto-López and Rafael Martínez-Sanz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:108

    Content type: Research article

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  25. For many years, percutaneous interventional occlusion of congenital patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been completed using radiation and contrast agents. In this study, transthoracic echocardiography without ...

    Authors: Zankai Ye, Zhiqiang Li, Hanlu Yi, Yaobin Zhu, Yan Sun, Pei Li and Ning Ma

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:107

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Aortic arch replacement in acute type A aortic dissection patients remains the most challenging cardiovascular operation. Herein, we described our modified Y-graft technique using the Femoral Artery Bypass (FA...

    Authors: Xiangfei Sun, Qi Zhao, Yufeng Huo, Jinfeng Zhou, Fen Zhao, Yimin Liu, Yonghai Du, Songxiong He, Chao Liu, Detian Jiang and Wenyu Sun

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:106

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Surgical closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is contraindicated in the condition with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), whereas ASD closure in an effective intervention to normalize the structure...

    Authors: Supomo Supomo, Agung Widhinugroho and Aditya Agam Nugraha

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:105

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Primary cardiac tumors are extremely rare. Most primary cardiac tumors are benign and around one quarter is malign. Sarcomas are accounting for 95% of these malign tumors and they show different histologies. T...

    Authors: Rieneke Moeri-Schimmel, Elisabeth Pras, Ingrid Desar, Stijn Krol and Pètra Braam

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:104

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Congenital lobar overinflation (CLOI) is one of the most important causes of infantile respiratory distress (RD). We aim to evaluate our experience in CLOI management emphasizing on clinical features, diagnost...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdel-Bary, Mohamed Abdel-Naser, Ahmed Okasha, Mohammed Zaki and Khaled Abdel-Baseer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:102

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Fractured catheter as a foreign body in situ is a rare complication after port catheter placement. We report a single center’s experience on percutaneous transvenous retrieval of intravascular fractured port c...

    Authors: Yahua Li, Jianjian Chen, Zhaonan Li, Huibin Lu, Kewei Ren, Jianzhuang Ren and Xinwei Han

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:101

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The study objective was to investigate the incidence and risk factors of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in patients undergoing emergency surgery for type A acute aortic dissection (TA-AAD) and eva...

    Authors: Zhigang Wang, Min Ge, Tao Chen, Cheng Chen, Qiuyan Zong, Lichong Lu and Dongjin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:100

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The letter to the editor made several comments on possible issues in the recent article by Zhang et al. determining the risk factors of acute kidney injury after pulmonary endarterectomy with cardiopulmonary b...

    Authors: Peng Dong, Fu-Shan Xue and Shao-Hua Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:99

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  33. Major bleeding and allogeneic transfusion leads to negative outcomes in patients receiving cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Ulinastatin, a urine trypsin inhibitor, relieves systemic inflammat...

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Hong Lv, Xia Qi, Wenjing Xiao, Qinghua Xue, Lei Zhang, Lihuan Li and Jia Shi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:98

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There has been an increasing number of children with congenital heart disease that undergo primary or second systemic-pulmonary shunt, while there are few reports on the second systemic-pulmonary shunt. Theref...

    Authors: Xue-Yong Yang, Xiao-Yong Jing, Zhe Chen, Lun Li, Xiang-Ming Fan and Jun-Wu Su

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:97

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Evidence that Enhanced Recovery After Thoracic Surgery (ERAS) improves clinical outcomes is growing. Following the recent publications of the international ERAS guidelines in Thoracic surgery, the aim of this ...

    Authors: Alina-Maria Budacan, Rana Mehdi, Amy Pamela Kerr, Salma Bibi Kadiri, Timothy J. P. Batchelor and Babu Naidu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:95

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (UVATS) technique has been increasingly used for many thoracic diseases. Whether UVATS has equivalent or better perioperative outcomes for pulmonary sequestration (PS)...

    Authors: Yungang Sun, Feng Shao, Qiang Zhang and Zhao Wang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:93

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Certain pregnant women suffer from cardiac pathology,and a few of them need cardiac operations under cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy. Feto-neonatal and maternal outcomes have not been sufficiently desc...

    Authors: Yanli Liu, Fengzhen Han, Jian Zhuang, Xiaoqing Liu, Jimei Chen, Huanlei Huang, Sheng Wang and Chengbin Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:92

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Thoracic surgeons have been incorporating enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols into their practices, not only to reduce narcotic usage but also to improve complication rates and decrease lengths of...

    Authors: Naghmeh Pirsaharkhiz, Kelly Comolli, Wakana Fujiwara, Susan Stasiewicz, Jeanne M. Boyer, Eileen V. Begin, Adam J. Rubinstein, Hayley R. Henderson, John F. Lazar, Thomas J. Watson, Christopher M. Eger, Christine T. Trankiem, Debra G. Phillips and Puja Gaur Khaitan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:91

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare but potentially fatal congenital coronary anomaly associated with early infant mortality and sudden adult death. By the...

    Authors: Zhang Jinmei, Ling Yunfei, Wang Yue and Qian Yongjun

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:90

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Compared with traditional open surgery for thymectomy, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) reduces hospital stay, decreases postoperative pain, and recovers faster. VATS has become increasingly popular...

    Authors: Jiaduo Li, Guoyan Qi, Yaling Liu, Xuguang Zheng and Xiaohe Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:89

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This article aimed to study the quality of life and anxiety of sexagenarian patients who underwent aortic biological vs mechanical valve replacement in a single center in China.

    Authors: Li-Wen Wang, Ning Xu, Shu-Ting Huang, Liang-Wan Chen, Hua Cao and Qiang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:88

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:208

  42. Pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA), usually associated with congenital heart disease (CHD), is a very rare clinical condition. Pulmonary artery dissection (PAD) is considered the most life-threatening complicatio...

    Authors: Yue-bo Wang, Guang-wen Chen, Hong Pu and Hang Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:87

    Content type: Case report

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  43. The optimal timing of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ST elevated acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unclear. The purpose of the study is to evaluate and compare the outcomes in STE...

    Authors: Anthony Lemaire, Tudor Vagaonescu, Hirohisa Ikegami, Lindsay Volk, Nina Verghis and Leonard Y. Lee

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:86

    Content type: Research article

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  44. A cardiac lipoma is a rare primary cardiac tumor. They are usually asymptomatic and carry a good prognosis. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR) is the confirmatory investigation of choice.

    Authors: Fahad Shamsi, Gurjyot Bajwa and Hussam Ghalib

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:85

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Cold hemagglutinin disease (CHAD) is a rare autoimmune disease, in which patients manifest symptoms when the body temperature decreases. It causes critical problems with blood clotting and hemolysis during hyp...

    Authors: Euysuk Chung, Sungjoon Park and Jaehoon Lee

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:79

    Content type: Case report

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