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  1. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) has been reported to exert a protective role against diverse lung diseases and cognitive impairment-related diseases. Thus this study aimed to investigate its role on acute lung injury ...

    Authors: Xiaowei Wang, Yanbo Wang, Haiyan Pan and Ci Yan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:331
  2. CircMMP11 is a characterized circRNA with oncogenic function in breast cancer. In this study, we explored the involvement of circMMP11 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

    Authors: Juan Chen and Jiang Gong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:327
  3. Cannulation strategy in surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) remains controversial. We aimed to retrospectively analyze the safety and efficacy of double arterial cannulation (DAC) compared with ...

    Authors: He Zhang, Wei Xie, Yuzhou Lu, Tuo Pan, Qing Zhou, Yunxing Xue and Dongjin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:326
  4. SCIRT has been characterized as a key player in cancer biology, while its role in other human diseases is unclear. This study explored its role in atherosclerosis, with a specific focus on its interaction with...

    Authors: Wenhui Gao, Rong Li, Jingjing Yu, Xijie He, Duo Xu, Hai Zhong, Wenwen Dong and Hanbin Cui
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:324
  5. The PROSE trial purpose is to investigate whether the incidence of thromboembolic—related complications is reduced with a current generation mechanical prosthesis (On-X Life Technologies/CryoLife Inc.—On-X) co...

    Authors: W. R. Eric Jamieson, John L. Ely, Johan Brink, Timothy Pennel, Paul Bannon, Jashvant Patel, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Prasanna Simha Mohan Rao, Damyanti Agrawal, Lars Wiklund, A. Pieter Kappetein, Rune Haaverstad, Thomas Geisner, Torsten Doenst, Christian Schlensak, Salgunan Nair…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:323
  6. Oesophageal leiomyomas are one of the most common benign oesophageal tumours. This retrospective, observational study summarized and compared the clinical outcomes of thoracoscopic enucleation of oesophageal l...

    Authors: Luo Zhao, Xue Zhang, Chao Gao, Jia He, Zhijun Han and Li Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:322
  7. To determine whether maintaining ventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with a different fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) had an impact on the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs)...

    Authors: Meng-Qiu Zhang, Yu-Qi Liao, Hong Yu, Xue-Fei Li, Wei Shi, Wei-Wei Jing, Zai-Li Wang, Yi Xu and Hai Yu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:319
  8. Minimally invasive aortic valve procedures through a hemi-sternotomy or a right anterior mini-thoracotomy have gained popularity over the last several years. Totally endoscopic aortic valve replacement (TEAVR)...

    Authors: Antonios Pitsis, Nikolaos Tsotsolis, Harisios Boudoulas and Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:318
  9. The clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) overlap with those of other disorders, especially cardiovascular disease.

    Authors: Arezou Zoroufian, Reza Mohseni-Badalabadi, Mehrdad Mahalleh, Seyyed Mojtaba Ghorashi, Sharam Momtahen and Negar Omidi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:316
  10. Previous studies reported that patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) after cardiac surgery were at a higher risk of postoperative mortality. However, the...

    Authors: Tak Kyu Oh and In-Ae Song
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:315
  11. Bulla is a common cause of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) through the lateral chest wall is a common surgical approach and an effective treatment for this conditi...

    Authors: Weijiang Ma, Xiuping Deng, Ming Wen, Limin Yang, Xun Ouyang, Xin Liu and Yin Liu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:314
  12. It is unclear about the duration of anti-tuberculous therapy before pericardiectomy (DATT) in the patients with constrictive tuberculous pericarditis. This study aims to explore the optimal DATT and its impact...

    Authors: Likui Fang, Guocan Yu, Bo Ye, Fangming Zhong and Gang Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:313
  13. The treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) has rapidly evolved over the past decade, in both transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), resulting in reported improved clin...

    Authors: Ankur Panchal, Andreas Kyvernitakis, Geetha Rayarao, Mark Doyle and Robert W. W. Biederman
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:312
  14. The indications for surgical resection concerning multiple bilateral neurofibromas in the superior mediastinum remain controversial, because vascular injury or development of postoperative Horne syndrome are c...

    Authors: Yoko Azuma, Naobumi Tochigi, Atsushi Sano, Takashi Sakai and Akira Iyoda
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:310
  15. The goal of this study was to monitor the compliance and impact on a protocol change of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis in cardiac surgery favouring cefazolin instead cefuroxime, initiated by the hospital’s...

    Authors: Güzin Surat, Dominik Bernsen and Christoph Schimmer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:309
  16. This study aimed to determine the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism of elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in pulmonary sequestration (PS) patients.

    Authors: Quan Chen, Qijue Lu, Xiang Fei, Chunguang Li and Bai Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:308
  17. Bronchiolar adenoma (BA) is a recently proposed diagnostic terminology, which is considered as the expansion of the concept of ciliated muconodular papillary tumors. BA is considered to be a benign neoplasm, b...

    Authors: Xiaojun Li, Yonghui Wu, Dayang Hui, Xiaoxuan Luo, Weibin Wu, Jian Zhang and Huiguo Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:307
  18. For thoracic surgeons, three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3-DCTBA) is a convenient way to analyze pulmonary variations before segmentectomy. Mediastinal lingular artery (MLA) ...

    Authors: Chuan Gao, Wen-zheng Xu, Zhi-hua Li and Liang Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:306
  19. A novel surgical energy device with high sealing ability using microwave technology has been developed. This novel microwave surgical instrument (MSI) is capable of sealing and dissecting a vessel ≤ 5 mm in di...

    Authors: Atsushi Kamigaichi, Takeshi Mimura and Yoshinori Yamashita
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:305
  20. It is difficult to determine the lymph node metastasis of patients with clinically negative lymph nodes (cN0) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) before surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate risk...

    Authors: Bu Jianlong, Zhang Pinyi, Wu Xiaohong, Zhao Su, Pang Sainan, Ning Jinfeng and Xu Shidong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:304
  21. Video-assisted thoracic surgery sleeve resection with bronchial anastomosis or bronchoplasty is a technically demanding procedure. Three-dimensional endoscopic surgery has been reported to be helpful in decrea...

    Authors: Yong Won Seong, Jae Hyun Jeon, Hyo-Jun Jang, Sukki Cho, Sanghoon Jheon and Kwhanmien Kim
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:302
  22. Large esophageal perforations are challenging and often treated with exclusion or resection. This case demonstrates the feasibility of definitive surgical repair of a large esophageal perforation using large b...

    Authors: Hani Shennib, Michelle Baribault and Richard Heuser
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:300
  23. Coronary steal phenomenon and myocardial ischemia is a complication following decompression of a hypertensive right ventricle in patients with left coronary-cameral fistulae.

    Authors: Jacek Pająk, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Michał Buczyński, Wojciech Mądry, Darren James Grégoire, Piotr Weryński, Wanda Król-Jawień, Krzysztof Godlewski, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk and Jacek Kuźma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:299
  24. Primary pericardial mesothelioma (PPM) is a rare malignancy with a high prevalence of mortality. The diagnosis is usually challenging using a variety of imaging modalities and invasive procedures and is genera...

    Authors: Amir Savarrakhsh, Azin Vakilpour, Sam Zeraatian-Nejad Davani, Mahyar Daskareh, Mahdieh Morsaghian, Arsalan Salari and Seyedeh Fatemeh Mirrazeghi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:298
  25. To compare the effects of modified triple-branched stent implantation and frozen elephant trunk technique on the quality of life (QoL) of acute Stanford Type A aortic dissection (AAAD) patients at different fo...

    Authors: Zeng-Rong Luo, Mi-Rong Tang, Jia-Hui Li, Liang-Wan Chen and Liang-Liang Yan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:297
  26. Hepatic dysfunction (HD) increases the morbidity and mortality rates after cardiac surgery. However, few studies have investigated the association between HD and acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection (ADIAD) ...

    Authors: Zhigang Wang, Min Ge, Cheng Chen, Lichong Lu, Lifang Zhang and Dongjin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:296
  27. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a challenging, but promising minimally invasive treatment option for patients with mitral valve disease. Depending on the anchoring mechanism, complications suc...

    Authors: Akito Imai, Arash Khamooshian, Keitaro Okamoto, Yoshiaki Saito, Inez J. Wijdh-den Hamer, Massimo A. Mariani, Matthew J. Gillespie, Robert C. Gorman, Joseph H. Gorman III and Wobbe Bouma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:295
  28. Hyperbilirubinemia is a common complication after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB), but the incidence and the risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to analyze the incidence and risk factor...

    Authors: Yingdi Gao, Dongjie Li, Honghong Dong, Yulin Guo, Yuanshu Peng, Yan Liu and Pixiong Su
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:294
  29. Although transcatheter technology has achieved some success in the field of mitral valves, the feasibility of applying it to patients with degenerated mitral valve bioprostheses (valve-in-valve, ViV), failure ...

    Authors: Tao You, Wei Wang, Kang Yi, Jie Gao, Xin Zhang, Shao-E. He, Xiao-Min Xu, Yu-Hu Ma and Xin-Yao Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:293
  30. Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a rare but serious complication after median sternotomy, and treatment success depends mainly on surgical experience. Here we first present a case of a patient successful...

    Authors: Xia Jiang, Fanyu Bu, Yong Xu, Zhaohui Jing, Guoqing Jiao, Mingqiu Li and Xiaosong Rong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:292
  31. Cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest are life-threatening emergencies with high mortality rates. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (e-...

    Authors: Deep Vakil, Cassandra Soto, Zoee D’Costa, Lindsay Volk, Sivaveera Kandasamy, Deepa Iyer, Hirohisa Ikegami, Mark J. Russo, Leonard Y. Lee and Anthony Lemaire
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:290
  32. We previously developed a new surgical method, namely, single-port inflatable mediastinoscopy simultaneous laparoscopic-assisted radical esophagectomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of c...

    Authors: Haibo Ye, Xiaojin Wang, Xiaojian Li, Xiangfeng Gan, Hongcheng Zhong, Xiangwen Wu and Qingdong Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:288
  33. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are common incidents associated with an increased hospital stay, readmissions into the intensive care unit (ICU), increased costs, and mortality after cardiac surge...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdulkadir Mohamed, Cai Cheng and Xiang Wei
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:287
  34. Penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) is one of the three subtypes of acute aortic syndrome. PAUs occur at any point throughout the aorta, most commonly in the descending thoracic aorta and less frequently in the aor...

    Authors: Shixiong Wang, Debin Liu, Yongnan Li and Bingren Gao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:285
  35. In infants with congenital oesophageal atresia, anastomotic stenosis easily occurs after one-stage oesophageal anastomosis, leading to dysphagia. In severe cases, oesophageal dilatation is required. In this pa...

    Authors: Xue-Jie Gao, Jin-Xi Huang, Qiang Chen, Song-Ming Hong, Jun-Jie Hong and Hong Ye
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:284
  36. In our earlier study on the functional limits of the aneurysmal aortic root we determined the pig root is susceptible to failure at high aortic pressures levels. We established a pig rupture model using cardio...

    Authors: Timothy Luke Surman, John Matthew Abrahams, Jim Manavis, John Finnie, Chris Christou, Georgia Kate Williams, Angela Walls, Peter Frantzis, Mark Adams, James Edwards, Michael George Worthington and John Beltrame
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:283
  37. Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) is a rare anomaly often associated with aortic coarctation or interruption, and various surgical techniques for this anomaly have been reported. Herein, we show a case of an...

    Authors: Chang Hun Kim, Hyungtae Kim, Kwang Ho Choi, Si Chan Sung, Hoon Ko and Ki Seok Choo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:281
  38. Our letter to the editor comments on issues raised in the May 14, 2020, article by Budacan et al. addressing the development of enhanced recovery after thoracic surgery. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, a na...

    Authors: Eliza Sophie Hartmann, Paul Philipp Heinisch, Markus M. Luedi and Maks Mihalj
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:278

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