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  1. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection draining into the right atrium with an intact atrial septum is a very rare clinical entity in the adult population. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection m...

    Authors: Atsushi Morishita, Ikuo Hagino, Hideyuki Tomioka, Seiichiro Katahira, Takeshi Hoshino and Kazuhiko Hanzawa

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:269

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Coronary involvement is rare but can be critical in patients with aortitis. Although cardiac ischemia can be resolved by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), patients complicated with cardiac ischemia, calc...

    Authors: Hideki Sasaki, Takashi Harada, Hiroshi Ishitoya and Osamu Sasaki

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:268

    Content type: Case report

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  3. We examine the therapeutic efficacy of extended thymectomy with blood vessel resection and reconstruction in thymic carcinoma patients with great vessel invasion.

    Authors: Lei Liu, Jiaqi Zhang, Guige Wang, Chao Guo, Yeye Chen, Cheng Huang and Shanqing Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:267

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Patients with a history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) exhibit higher rates of complications. There are conflicting data on the survival benefits for bil...

    Authors: Linda Renata Micali, Massimo Bonacchi, Daniel Weigel, Rosie Howe, Orlando Parise, Gianmarco Parise and Sandro Gelsomino

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:266

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a common heritable connective tissue disease involving multiple organs. Even though the clinical manifestations of MFS can be various, aortic root aneurysm is estimated as one of the m...

    Authors: Jiayu Shen, Changping Gan, R. D. T. Rajaguru, Dou Yuan and Zhenghua Xiao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:264

    Content type: Case report

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  6. There is an increasing amount of literature describing the pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia and its associated complications. Historically, a small pneumothorax has been shown to b...

    Authors: Colby Elder, Sheina Bawa, Douglas Anderson, Stephen Atkinson, Joshua Etzel and Troy Moritz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:263

    Content type: Case report

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  7. VATS lobectomy is a recommended surgical approach for patients with early-stage lung cancer. However, it is still controversial in locally advance disease. This study was conducted to compare intraoperative an...

    Authors: Güntuğ Batihan, Kenan Can Ceylan, Ozan Usluer and Şeyda Örs Kaya

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:261

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Valve replacement surgery is the definitive management strategy for patients with severe valvular disease. However, valvular conduits currently in clinical use are associated with significant limitations. Tiss...

    Authors: Steve W. F. R. Waqanivavalagi, Sameer Bhat, Marcus B. Ground, Paget F. Milsom and Jillian Cornish

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:260

    Content type: Review

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  9. The aortic root has unique embryological development and is a highly sophisticated and complex structure. In studies that report on the biomechanical characteristics of the thoracic aorta, distinction between ...

    Authors: Timothy Luke Surman, John Matthew Abrahams, Dermot O’Rourke, Karen Jane Reynolds, James Edwards, Michael George Worthington and John Beltrame

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:259

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Pocket-related complications following the implantation of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices primarily include pocket hematoma, infection, skin erosion or decubitus, device migration, and Twiddler'...

    Authors: Jus Ksela, Mark Racman, Rok Zbacnik, Anze Djordjevic and Matevz Jan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:258

    Content type: Case report

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  11. To explore the effects of using the WeChat platform on the perioperative health education of parents of children who underwent transthoracic device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs).

    Authors: Qi-Liang Zhang, Ning Xu, Shu-Ting Huang, Qiang Chen and Hua Cao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:256

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The management of an incidental patent foramen ovale found during planned cardiac surgery remains a challenge, and current guidelines are not helpful. Although evidence is accumulating, that closure of an inci...

    Authors: Felix Fleissner, Paul Frank, Axel Haverich and Issam Ismail

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:255

    Content type: Research article

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  13. With the popularization of thoracoscopic surgery, more and more macrovascular malformations have been reported. Understanding some vascular malformations with relatively fixed anatomical site and their range o...

    Authors: Zhongben Tang, Yin Teng, Jian Li, Xiaojun Du, Jiarong Xiao and Gongshun Tang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:254

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is a relatively rare condition that is often life-threatening. Secondary AEF is a complication of previous surgery, which can be more critical and challenging than primary AEF. Th...

    Authors: Kayo Sugiyama, Toru Iwahashi, Nobusato Koizumi, Toshiya Nishibe, Toshiki Fujiyoshi and Hitoshi Ogino

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:251

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Conventional median sternotomy is widely used in cardiac surgery, while thoracoscopic cardiac surgery, which is considered to have aesthetic advantages, is being performed increasingly more often in China beca...

    Authors: Ling-chen Huang, Dao-zhong Chen, Liang-wan Chen, Qi-chen Xu, Zi-he Zheng and Xiao-fu Dai

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:250

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The development of bronchopleural fistula (BPF) remains the most severe complication of lung resection, especially after pneumonectomy. Studies provide controversial reports regarding the benefits of flap rein...

    Authors: Fatmir Caushi, Gentiana Qirjako, Ilir Skenduli, Daniela Xhemalaj, Hasan Hafizi, Silva Bala, Alban Hatibi and Arian Mezini

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:248

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs) of the trachea are extremely uncommon neoplasms with unknown genetic and clinical profiles. Only individual cases have been reported in the literature to date.

    Authors: Yan Hu, Siying Ren, Wei Han, Boyou Zhang, Lu Shu, Yi Sun, Fenglei Yu and Wenliang Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:247

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Any decision in clinical practice needs to evaluate both reliability (precision) and validity (accuracy) of a diagnostic test. Without knowledge about the reliability, any judgment would be wrong. In diagnosti...

    Authors: Siamak Sabour

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:246

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  19. Transaxillary access (TAx) has shown promise as an excellent alternative TAVR option, but data on the Edwards SAPIEN 3 in TAx-TAVR is limited. We sought to study the safety and efficacy of TAx-TAVR using this ...

    Authors: Yong Zhan, Nicholas Toomey, Jamel Ortoleva, Masashi Kawabori, Andrew Weintraub and Frederick Y. Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:244

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Spread through air space (STAS) is a novel invasive pattern of lung adenocarcinoma and is also a risk factor for recurrence and worse prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma after sublobar resection. The aims of this...

    Authors: Qifan Yin, Huien Wang, Hongshang Cui, Wenhao Wang, Guang Yang, Peng Qie, Xuejiao Xun, Shaohui Han and Huining Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:243

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Primary and secondary aortopathy are frequently encountered in patients with congenital heart disease. The aim of this study is to present our experience and the incidence of primary and secondary adult CHD-as...

    Authors: Ingrid Schusterova, Alžbeta Banovcinova, Marianna Vachalcova, Marta Jakubova and Panagiotis Artemiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:242

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To evaluate RV-PA coupling in post operative TOF patients with ventricular dilatation underwent for PVR and investigate the correlation between ventricular functions measuring Ea/Emax ratio using cardio magnet...

    Authors: Bhushan Sandeep, Xin Huang, Yuan Li, Xiaowei Wang, Long Mao, Yue Kan, Dan Xiong, Ke Gao and Xiao Zongwei

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:241

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Conservative treatment with a vacuum bell (VB) for pectus excavatum (PE) has now been gradually popularized as an alternative to surgery. We describe our initial experience with a novel three dimensional (3D) ...

    Authors: Xicheng Deng, Peng Huang, Jinwen Luo, Jinghua Wang, Liwen Yi, Guangxian Yang, Siping He, Xun Li and Shiting Xiang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:240

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infects host cells through angiotensin converting enzyme 2 receptors, leading to coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-related pneumonia, and also causing ...

    Authors: Nizar R. Alwaqfi and Khalid S. Ibrahim

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:239

    Content type: Review

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  25. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (U-VATS) has recently emerged as an alternative procedure for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, whether U-VATS has advantages over multiportal VATS (M-...

    Authors: Yueren Yan, Qingyuan Huang, Han Han, Yang Zhang and Haiquan Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:238

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We aimed to evaluate the effect of limited volume of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) administration on postoperative renal function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

    Authors: Ju Yong Lim, Yun Seok Kim and Joon Bum Kim

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:237

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The optimal hypothermic level in total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation for acute type A aortic dissection (aTAAD) has not been established, and the superiority of unilateral or bilate...

    Authors: Song-Bo Dong, Jian-Xian Xiong, Kai Zhang, Jun Zheng, Shang-Dong Xu, Yong-Min Liu, Li-Zhong Sun and Xu-Dong Pan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:236

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Fontan procedure is a common palliative intervention for sufferers of single ventricle congenital heart defects that results in an anastomosis of the venous return to the pulmonary arteries called the tota...

    Authors: Shane McHugo, Lars Nolke, Patrick Delassus, Eugene MacCarthy, Liam Morris and Colin Joseph McMahon

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:235

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Recent studies show that substantial percentage of patients experienced worsening of health related quality of life (HRQoL) 1 year after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors that ...

    Authors: Hilda Rijnhart-de Jong, Jo Haenen, Goris Bol Raap, Lilian Jekel, Tessel Vossenberg, Olga Bondarenko and Christiaan Boerma

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:234

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Congenital intrathoracic accessory spleen (CIAS) refers to a developmental anomaly resulting in the presence of splenic tissue within the chest. The differential diagnoses for the resulting mass are pulmonary ...

    Authors: Mohammed O. Suraju, Nicole Peyton, Brian Mooers, Chris Jensen and Joel Shilyansky

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:232

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Aortic dissection is a relatively uncommon, but often catastrophic disease that requires early and accurate diagnosis. It often presents in patients with congenital connective tissue disorders. The current aor...

    Authors: Petko Prodanov, Hana Linkova, Robert Petr, Richard Fojt, Zuzana Motovska, Jiri Knot, Filip Rohac, Boris Koznar, Mariwan Majid, Petr Widimsky and Petr Kacer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:231

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Angioleiomyoma of the pulmonary artery is rare in the literature and few studies have been reported. Here we present a rare case of angioleiomyoma arising from the pulmonary artery in a young patient.

    Authors: Yan Hu, Siying Ren, Sichuang Tan, Chen Chen, Xiang Wang, Qingchun Liang, Fenglei Yu and Wenliang Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:230

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Given the difficulty in preoperatively diagnosing lymph node metastasis, patients with Stage I–III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are likely to be included in the clinical N1 (cN1) group. However, better t...

    Authors: Masato Aragaki, Tatsuya Kato, Aki Fujiwara-Kuroda, Yasuhiro Hida, Kichizo Kaga and Satoru Wakasa

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:229

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The median sternotomy is the most common surgical approach for cardiac surgery. Deep sternal wound infection is a fatal complication after median sternotomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeut...

    Authors: Feng Song and Zhenzhong Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:227

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) is currently deemed the gold standard of care for patients with severe aortic stenosis. Currently, most AVRs are safely performed through a full median sternotomy approa...

    Authors: Siobhan Chien, Callum Clark, Saumya Maheshwari, Charilaos-Panagiotis Koutsogiannidis, Vipin Zamvar, Vincenzo Giordano, Kelvin Lim and Renzo Pessotto

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:226

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by the production of antiphospholipid antibodies associated with recurrent vascular thrombosis. There have been few reports of combination of chronic thromboemb...

    Authors: Kayo Sugiyama, Shun Suzuki, Nobusato Koizumi and Hitoshi Ogino

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:225

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Sternal fractures are rare accounting for about 3–8% of traumatic chest. There are many lines of treatments for sternal fractures which can be classified as conservative or surgical. Surgical techniques includ...

    Authors: Kareem Ahmed and Mohamed Alaa Nady

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:224

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The efficacy of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been proven in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, data on the timing and benefits of IABP support in diffuse cor...

    Authors: Zhen Wu, Changcheng Liu, Ying Fang, Hua Wei and Chengxiong Gu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:223

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Sternal wound infection (SWI) following cardiothoracic surgery is a major complication. It may significantly impact patient recovery, treatment cost and mortality rates. No universal guideline exists on SWI ma...

    Authors: Rona Lee Suelo-Calanao, Richard Thomson, Maxine Read, Euan Matheson, Emmanuel Isaac, Mubarak Chaudhry and Mahmoud Loubani

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:222

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To compare the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and alteration of heart rate variability (HRV) after pulmonary lobectomy through video assisted thoracic surgery or thoracotomy, and to explore the role of ...

    Authors: Gengxu He, Tong Yao, Lei Zhao, Hong Geng, Qiang Ji, Kun Zuo and Yuanzhi Luo

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:220

    Content type: Research article

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