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  1. The PROSE trial purpose is to investigate whether the incidence of thromboembolic—related complications is reduced with a current generation mechanical prosthesis (On-X Life Technologies/CryoLife Inc.—On-X) co...

    Authors: W. R. Eric Jamieson, John L. Ely, Johan Brink, Timothy Pennel, Paul Bannon, Jashvant Patel, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Prasanna Simha Mohan Rao, Damyanti Agrawal, Lars Wiklund, A. Pieter Kappetein, Rune Haaverstad, Thomas Geisner, Torsten Doenst, Christian Schlensak, Salgunan Nair…

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:323

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Oesophageal leiomyomas are one of the most common benign oesophageal tumours. This retrospective, observational study summarized and compared the clinical outcomes of thoracoscopic enucleation of oesophageal l...

    Authors: Luo Zhao, Xue Zhang, Chao Gao, Jia He, Zhijun Han and Li Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:322

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To determine whether maintaining ventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with a different fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) had an impact on the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs)...

    Authors: Meng-Qiu Zhang, Yu-Qi Liao, Hong Yu, Xue-Fei Li, Wei Shi, Wei-Wei Jing, Zai-Li Wang, Yi Xu and Hai Yu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:319

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Minimally invasive aortic valve procedures through a hemi-sternotomy or a right anterior mini-thoracotomy have gained popularity over the last several years. Totally endoscopic aortic valve replacement (TEAVR)...

    Authors: Antonios Pitsis, Nikolaos Tsotsolis, Harisios Boudoulas and Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:318

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) overlap with those of other disorders, especially cardiovascular disease.

    Authors: Arezou Zoroufian, Reza Mohseni-Badalabadi, Mehrdad Mahalleh, Seyyed Mojtaba Ghorashi, Sharam Momtahen and Negar Omidi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:316

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Previous studies reported that patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) after cardiac surgery were at a higher risk of postoperative mortality. However, the...

    Authors: Tak Kyu Oh and In-Ae Song

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:315

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bulla is a common cause of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) through the lateral chest wall is a common surgical approach and an effective treatment for this conditi...

    Authors: Weijiang Ma, Xiuping Deng, Ming Wen, Limin Yang, Xun Ouyang, Xin Liu and Yin Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:314

    Content type: Case report

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  8. It is unclear about the duration of anti-tuberculous therapy before pericardiectomy (DATT) in the patients with constrictive tuberculous pericarditis. This study aims to explore the optimal DATT and its impact...

    Authors: Likui Fang, Guocan Yu, Bo Ye, Fangming Zhong and Gang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:313

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) has rapidly evolved over the past decade, in both transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), resulting in reported improved clin...

    Authors: Ankur Panchal, Andreas Kyvernitakis, Geetha Rayarao, Mark Doyle and Robert W. W. Biederman

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:312

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The indications for surgical resection concerning multiple bilateral neurofibromas in the superior mediastinum remain controversial, because vascular injury or development of postoperative Horne syndrome are c...

    Authors: Yoko Azuma, Naobumi Tochigi, Atsushi Sano, Takashi Sakai and Akira Iyoda

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:310

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The goal of this study was to monitor the compliance and impact on a protocol change of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis in cardiac surgery favouring cefazolin instead cefuroxime, initiated by the hospital’s...

    Authors: Güzin Surat, Dominik Bernsen and Christoph Schimmer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:309

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This study aimed to determine the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism of elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in pulmonary sequestration (PS) patients.

    Authors: Quan Chen, Qijue Lu, Xiang Fei, Chunguang Li and Bai Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:308

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Bronchiolar adenoma (BA) is a recently proposed diagnostic terminology, which is considered as the expansion of the concept of ciliated muconodular papillary tumors. BA is considered to be a benign neoplasm, b...

    Authors: Xiaojun Li, Yonghui Wu, Dayang Hui, Xiaoxuan Luo, Weibin Wu, Jian Zhang and Huiguo Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:307

    Content type: Case report

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  14. For thoracic surgeons, three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3-DCTBA) is a convenient way to analyze pulmonary variations before segmentectomy. Mediastinal lingular artery (MLA) ...

    Authors: Chuan Gao, Wen-zheng Xu, Zhi-hua Li and Liang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:306

    Content type: Research article

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  15. A novel surgical energy device with high sealing ability using microwave technology has been developed. This novel microwave surgical instrument (MSI) is capable of sealing and dissecting a vessel ≤ 5 mm in di...

    Authors: Atsushi Kamigaichi, Takeshi Mimura and Yoshinori Yamashita

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:305

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  16. It is difficult to determine the lymph node metastasis of patients with clinically negative lymph nodes (cN0) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) before surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate risk...

    Authors: Bu Jianlong, Zhang Pinyi, Wu Xiaohong, Zhao Su, Pang Sainan, Ning Jinfeng and Xu Shidong

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:304

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Video-assisted thoracic surgery sleeve resection with bronchial anastomosis or bronchoplasty is a technically demanding procedure. Three-dimensional endoscopic surgery has been reported to be helpful in decrea...

    Authors: Yong Won Seong, Jae Hyun Jeon, Hyo-Jun Jang, Sukki Cho, Sanghoon Jheon and Kwhanmien Kim

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:302

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Large esophageal perforations are challenging and often treated with exclusion or resection. This case demonstrates the feasibility of definitive surgical repair of a large esophageal perforation using large b...

    Authors: Hani Shennib, Michelle Baribault and Richard Heuser

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:300

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Coronary steal phenomenon and myocardial ischemia is a complication following decompression of a hypertensive right ventricle in patients with left coronary-cameral fistulae.

    Authors: Jacek Pająk, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Michał Buczyński, Wojciech Mądry, Darren James Grégoire, Piotr Weryński, Wanda Król-Jawień, Krzysztof Godlewski, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk and Jacek Kuźma

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:299

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Primary pericardial mesothelioma (PPM) is a rare malignancy with a high prevalence of mortality. The diagnosis is usually challenging using a variety of imaging modalities and invasive procedures and is genera...

    Authors: Amir Savarrakhsh, Azin Vakilpour, Sam Zeraatian-Nejad Davani, Mahyar Daskareh, Mahdieh Morsaghian, Arsalan Salari and Seyedeh Fatemeh Mirrazeghi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:298

    Content type: Case report

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  21. To compare the effects of modified triple-branched stent implantation and frozen elephant trunk technique on the quality of life (QoL) of acute Stanford Type A aortic dissection (AAAD) patients at different fo...

    Authors: Zeng-Rong Luo, Mi-Rong Tang, Jia-Hui Li, Liang-Wan Chen and Liang-Liang Yan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:297

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hepatic dysfunction (HD) increases the morbidity and mortality rates after cardiac surgery. However, few studies have investigated the association between HD and acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection (ADIAD) ...

    Authors: Zhigang Wang, Min Ge, Cheng Chen, Lichong Lu, Lifang Zhang and Dongjin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:296

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a challenging, but promising minimally invasive treatment option for patients with mitral valve disease. Depending on the anchoring mechanism, complications suc...

    Authors: Akito Imai, Arash Khamooshian, Keitaro Okamoto, Yoshiaki Saito, Inez J. Wijdh-den Hamer, Massimo A. Mariani, Matthew J. Gillespie, Robert C. Gorman, Joseph H. Gorman III and Wobbe Bouma

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:295

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Hyperbilirubinemia is a common complication after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB), but the incidence and the risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to analyze the incidence and risk factor...

    Authors: Yingdi Gao, Dongjie Li, Honghong Dong, Yulin Guo, Yuanshu Peng, Yan Liu and Pixiong Su

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:294

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although transcatheter technology has achieved some success in the field of mitral valves, the feasibility of applying it to patients with degenerated mitral valve bioprostheses (valve-in-valve, ViV), failure ...

    Authors: Tao You, Wei Wang, Kang Yi, Jie Gao, Xin Zhang, Shao-E. He, Xiao-Min Xu, Yu-Hu Ma and Xin-Yao Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:293

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a rare but serious complication after median sternotomy, and treatment success depends mainly on surgical experience. Here we first present a case of a patient successful...

    Authors: Xia Jiang, Fanyu Bu, Yong Xu, Zhaohui Jing, Guoqing Jiao, Mingqiu Li and Xiaosong Rong

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:292

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest are life-threatening emergencies with high mortality rates. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (e-...

    Authors: Deep Vakil, Cassandra Soto, Zoee D’Costa, Lindsay Volk, Sivaveera Kandasamy, Deepa Iyer, Hirohisa Ikegami, Mark J. Russo, Leonard Y. Lee and Anthony Lemaire

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:290

    Content type: Research article

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  28. We previously developed a new surgical method, namely, single-port inflatable mediastinoscopy simultaneous laparoscopic-assisted radical esophagectomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of c...

    Authors: Haibo Ye, Xiaojin Wang, Xiaojian Li, Xiangfeng Gan, Hongcheng Zhong, Xiangwen Wu and Qingdong Cao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:288

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are common incidents associated with an increased hospital stay, readmissions into the intensive care unit (ICU), increased costs, and mortality after cardiac surge...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdulkadir Mohamed, Cai Cheng and Xiang Wei

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:287

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) is one of the three subtypes of acute aortic syndrome. PAUs occur at any point throughout the aorta, most commonly in the descending thoracic aorta and less frequently in the aor...

    Authors: Shixiong Wang, Debin Liu, Yongnan Li and Bingren Gao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:285

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. In infants with congenital oesophageal atresia, anastomotic stenosis easily occurs after one-stage oesophageal anastomosis, leading to dysphagia. In severe cases, oesophageal dilatation is required. In this pa...

    Authors: Xue-Jie Gao, Jin-Xi Huang, Qiang Chen, Song-Ming Hong, Jun-Jie Hong and Hong Ye

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:284

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In our earlier study on the functional limits of the aneurysmal aortic root we determined the pig root is susceptible to failure at high aortic pressures levels. We established a pig rupture model using cardio...

    Authors: Timothy Luke Surman, John Matthew Abrahams, Jim Manavis, John Finnie, Chris Christou, Georgia Kate Williams, Angela Walls, Peter Frantzis, Mark Adams, James Edwards, Michael George Worthington and John Beltrame

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:283

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pheochromocytoma is a rare medical condition caused by catecholamine-secreting tumor cells. Operative resection can be associated with significant hemodynamic fluctuations due to the nature of the tumor, as we...

    Authors: Igor Feinstein, Tiffany Lee, Sameer Khan, Lindsay Raleigh and Frederick Mihm

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:282

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) is a rare anomaly often associated with aortic coarctation or interruption, and various surgical techniques for this anomaly have been reported. Herein, we show a case of an...

    Authors: Chang Hun Kim, Hyungtae Kim, Kwang Ho Choi, Si Chan Sung, Hoon Ko and Ki Seok Choo

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:281

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The Abramson technique for the correction of pectus carinatum (PC) is commonly performed worldwide. However, the postoperative complications of this technique related to bar fixation, including wire breakage a...

    Authors: Wei Ping, Shengling Fu, Yangkai Li, Jun Yu, Ni Zhang, Xiangning Fu and Yixin Cai

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:280

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Patent false lumen has been shown to have a negative impact on prognosis after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). We aimed to assess the effect of postoperative anticoagulation on false lumen ...

    Authors: Mårten Larsson, Gracijela Bozovic, Johan Sjögren, Igor Zindovic, Sigurdur Ragnarsson and Shahab Nozohoor

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:279

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Our letter to the editor comments on issues raised in the May 14, 2020, article by Budacan et al. addressing the development of enhanced recovery after thoracic surgery. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, a na...

    Authors: Eliza Sophie Hartmann, Paul Philipp Heinisch, Markus M. Luedi and Maks Mihalj

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:278

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  38. Platelet rich plasma or PRP is a supraphysiologic concentrate of platelets derived by centrifugation and separation of whole blood components. Along with platelets and plasma, PRP contains various cell types i...

    Authors: Dalip Sethi, Kimberly E. Martin, Sangeeta Shrotriya and Bethany L. Brown

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:277

    Content type: Review

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  39. The right and left lung anatomy are similar but asymmetrical. The right lung consists of three lobes, and the left lung consists of two lobes. Our study is unique because of discovering a very rare morphologic...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Nader Tanideh, Reza Hosseinpour, Cambyz Irajie and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalabi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:276

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Mortality and complications remain high after acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) open surgery and are associated with coagulation dysfunction. Platelets play an important role in the process of coagulation...

    Authors: Guangyu Liu, Hongbai Wang, Qipeng Luo, Liang Cao, Lijing Yang, Cuntao Yu, Fuxia Yan and Su Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:274

    Content type: Research article

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