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  1. Recent studies show that substantial percentage of patients experienced worsening of health related quality of life (HRQoL) 1 year after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors that ...

    Authors: Hilda Rijnhart-de Jong, Jo Haenen, Goris Bol Raap, Lilian Jekel, Tessel Vossenberg, Olga Bondarenko and Christiaan Boerma

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:234

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Congenital intrathoracic accessory spleen (CIAS) refers to a developmental anomaly resulting in the presence of splenic tissue within the chest. The differential diagnoses for the resulting mass are pulmonary ...

    Authors: Mohammed O. Suraju, Nicole Peyton, Brian Mooers, Chris Jensen and Joel Shilyansky

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:232

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Aortic dissection is a relatively uncommon, but often catastrophic disease that requires early and accurate diagnosis. It often presents in patients with congenital connective tissue disorders. The current aor...

    Authors: Petko Prodanov, Hana Linkova, Robert Petr, Richard Fojt, Zuzana Motovska, Jiri Knot, Filip Rohac, Boris Koznar, Mariwan Majid, Petr Widimsky and Petr Kacer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:231

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Angioleiomyoma of the pulmonary artery is rare in the literature and few studies have been reported. Here we present a rare case of angioleiomyoma arising from the pulmonary artery in a young patient.

    Authors: Yan Hu, Siying Ren, Sichuang Tan, Chen Chen, Xiang Wang, Qingchun Liang, Fenglei Yu and Wenliang Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:230

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Given the difficulty in preoperatively diagnosing lymph node metastasis, patients with Stage I–III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are likely to be included in the clinical N1 (cN1) group. However, better t...

    Authors: Masato Aragaki, Tatsuya Kato, Aki Fujiwara-Kuroda, Yasuhiro Hida, Kichizo Kaga and Satoru Wakasa

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:229

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The median sternotomy is the most common surgical approach for cardiac surgery. Deep sternal wound infection is a fatal complication after median sternotomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeut...

    Authors: Feng Song and Zhenzhong Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:227

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) is currently deemed the gold standard of care for patients with severe aortic stenosis. Currently, most AVRs are safely performed through a full median sternotomy approa...

    Authors: Siobhan Chien, Callum Clark, Saumya Maheshwari, Charilaos-Panagiotis Koutsogiannidis, Vipin Zamvar, Vincenzo Giordano, Kelvin Lim and Renzo Pessotto

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:226

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by the production of antiphospholipid antibodies associated with recurrent vascular thrombosis. There have been few reports of combination of chronic thromboemb...

    Authors: Kayo Sugiyama, Shun Suzuki, Nobusato Koizumi and Hitoshi Ogino

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:225

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Sternal fractures are rare accounting for about 3–8% of traumatic chest. There are many lines of treatments for sternal fractures which can be classified as conservative or surgical. Surgical techniques includ...

    Authors: Kareem Ahmed and Mohamed Alaa Nady

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:224

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The efficacy of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been proven in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, data on the timing and benefits of IABP support in diffuse cor...

    Authors: Zhen Wu, Changcheng Liu, Ying Fang, Hua Wei and Chengxiong Gu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:223

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Sternal wound infection (SWI) following cardiothoracic surgery is a major complication. It may significantly impact patient recovery, treatment cost and mortality rates. No universal guideline exists on SWI ma...

    Authors: Rona Lee Suelo-Calanao, Richard Thomson, Maxine Read, Euan Matheson, Emmanuel Isaac, Mubarak Chaudhry and Mahmoud Loubani

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:222

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To compare the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and alteration of heart rate variability (HRV) after pulmonary lobectomy through video assisted thoracic surgery or thoracotomy, and to explore the role of ...

    Authors: Gengxu He, Tong Yao, Lei Zhao, Hong Geng, Qiang Ji, Kun Zuo and Yuanzhi Luo

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:220

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumps (IABPs) can be utilized to provide hemodynamic support in high risk patients awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). There are many indications for IABP and institutional pr...

    Authors: Gabriel A. del Carmen, Andrea Axtell, David Chang, Serguei Melnitchouk, Thoralf M. Sundt III and Amy G. Fiedler

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:219

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Acute cardiogenic shock is associated with high mortality rates. The Impella device is a microaxial left ventricular assist device that can be inserted through the axillary artery. The purpose of our study is ...

    Authors: Saeed Tarabichi, Hirohisa Ikegami, Mark J. Russo, Leonard Y. Lee and Anthony Lemaire

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:218

    Content type: Research article

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  15. With the ageing of China’s population, the incidence and mortality of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAD) is increasing year by year, which brings a heavy burden to the family and society [1]. We aime...

    Authors: Zhou Zhao, Chun Fu, Li-xue Zhang, Guo-dong Zhang and Yu Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:217

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hypothermic ischemia-reperfusion arrhythmia remains the main factor affecting cardiac resuscitation under cardiopulmonary bypass. Existing research shows that certain miRNAs exhibit significantly different exp...

    Authors: Jian Tang, Hong Gao, Yanqiu Liu, Jing Song, Yurong Feng, Guilong Wang and Youqin He

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:216

    Content type: Research article

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  17. It is difficult to predict lymph node metastasis in patients with early lung cancer. Pure ground glass opacity (GGO) on computed tomography indicates an early-stage adenocarcinoma that can be removed by limite...

    Authors: Yongming Wang, Lijun Jing and Gongchao Wang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:121

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Recent studies have reported that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of NLR in aortic disease.

    Authors: Yan Xu, Haiyang Fang, Zhiqiang Qiu and Xiaoshu Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:215

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Does Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) administered during rewarming on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) impact: time to completion of rewarming prior to separation from CPB circuit, early post-op patient peripheral – cor...

    Authors: Darren Mullane, Martin Lenihan, Ciara Hanley, Tom Wall, Irmina Bukowska, Michael Griffin and Georgina Flood

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:214

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a frequent complication following open thoracic aortic surgery (OTAS) and worsens the postoperative prognosis. It remains unclear that whether the predictors of AKI follow...

    Authors: Xiaochun Ma, Jinzhang Li, Yan Yun, Diming Zhao, Shanghao Chen, Huibo Ma, Zhengjun Wang, Haizhou Zhang, Chengwei Zou and Yuqi Cui

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:213

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To study the clinical manifestations and advantages of open-heart surgery and echocardiographic transthoracic or percutaneous closure with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD). The surgeon’s learning curve was ...

    Authors: Hongwei Qi, Jiangang Zhao, Xiujie Tang, Xizheng Wang, Nan Chen, Wenqing Lv, Hong Bian, Shumin Wang and Biao Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:212

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Three-dimensional (3D) models have the unique ability to replicate individualized cardiac anatomy and may therefore provide clinical benefit. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) currently relies on ...

    Authors: Casey Thorburn, Omar Abdel-Razek, Susan Fagan, Neil Pearce, Michael Furey, Scott Harris, Michael Bartellas and Corey Adams

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:211

    Content type: Research article

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  23. We aimed to find out how the concomitant performance of tricuspid valve repair (TVR) affects outcomes of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery (MVS).

    Authors: Ayse Cetinkaya, Natalia Ganchewa, Stefan Hein, Karin Bramlage, Peter Bramlage, Markus Schönburg and Manfred Richter

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:210

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Approximately 250,000 heart valve operations are performed annually worldwide. An intensive research and development effort has led to progressively more advanced heart valve prostheses. The Carpentier-Edwards...

    Authors: Taufiek K. Rajab, Jason M. Ali, Jules Hernández-Sánchez, Jennifer Mackie, Vincenzo Grimaudo, Silvia Sinichino, Christine Mills, Bushra Rana, John Dunning and Yasir Abu-Omar

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:209

    Content type: Research article

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  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Li-Wen Wang, Ning Xu, Shu-Ting Huang, Liang-Wan Chen, Hua Cao and Qiang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:208

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:88

  26. Although lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection (MLND) is the first option for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, the time trends of MLND in stage IA NSCLC patients who undergo ...

    Authors: Liang Pan, Ran Mo, Linhai Zhu, Wenfeng Yu, Wang Lv and Jian Hu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:207

    Content type: Research article

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  27. We treated a patient with late-stage unilateral bypass thrombosis after bilateral axillary-femoral bypass with lateral axillary-profunda femoris artery (LAx-PF) bypass.

    Authors: Kang She, Xiansheng Zhang, Jie Yin, Gong Cheng, Xiangrong Chen and Yufei Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:206

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Direct cannulation of the innominate artery for selective antegrade cerebral perfusion has been shown to be safe in elective proximal aortic reconstructions. We sought to evaluate the safety of this technique ...

    Authors: Eden C. Payabyab, Jonathan M. Hemli, Allan Mattia, Alex Kremers, Sohrab K. Vatsia, S. Jacob Scheinerman, Efstathia A. Mihelis, Alan R. Hartman and Derek R. Brinster

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:205

    Content type: Research article

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  29. We demonstrated the safety and feasibility of image-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (iVATS) of bilateral lung lesions in a hybrid operating room.

    Authors: Chu-Chun Liang, Chi-Hao Liao, Ya-Fu Cheng, Wei-Heng Hung, Heng-Chung Chen, Chang-Lun Huang and Bing-Yen Wang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:203

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma of the sternum is rare and a few cases of surgical resection have been reported. Anterior chest wall reconstruction after radical resection of the sternum and ribs aims to p...

    Authors: Young Chul Yoon, Jiyun Lee and Jin Yong Jeong

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:202

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  31. Volume reduction surgery is a routine treatment method for lung emphysema in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The formation of giant bullous emphysema is an indication for surgical bullec...

    Authors: Dmitry Borisovich Giller, Galina Vladimirovna Scherbakova, Boris Dmitrievich Giller, Arkadyi Leybovich Khanin, Vladimir Nikolayeich Nikolenko and Mikhail Yegorovich Sinelnikov

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:201

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a recognized treatment for patients with severe aortic stenosis at all risk groups. However, permanent pacemaker rates remain high for self expandable transcatheter v...

    Authors: Simon C. Y. Chow, Randolph H. L. Wong, Gary S. H. Cheung, Alex P. W. Lee, Henry K. L. Chui, Kent C. Y. So and Eugene B. Wu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:200

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high incidence of coronary heart disease, which is the leading cause of death in these patients. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) significantly increases...

    Authors: Xihui Li, Siyu Zhang and Feng Xiao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:199

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

    Authors: Tadashi Omoto, Atsushi Aoki, Kazuto Maruta, Tomoaki Masuda and Yui Horikawa

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:198

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) patients, general and regional anesthesia may cause postoperative dysfunction of respiratory, nerve and muscle systems. We present the surgical case of thymoma developed i...

    Authors: Eiyu Tsuboi, Yoko Azuma, Takashi Makino, Takashi Terada, Hajime Otsuka, Atsushi Sano, Satoshi Koezuka, Takashi Sakai, Naobumi Tochigi and Akira Iyoda

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:197

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Routine clinical and pathological examinations usually cannot fully conclusively determine the relationship between different lesions of lung cancer. Detailed genetic analysis of tumor samples may supply impor...

    Authors: Yong Yang, Xiaofeng Xie, Gening Jiang and Hongcheng Liu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:196

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the common complications after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased mortality. However, to the best of our knowledge, the reports on clinical significance of postoperat...

    Authors: Xiaolan Chen, Ming Bai, Lijuan Zhao, Yangping Li, Yan Yu, Wei Zhang, Feng Ma, Shiren Sun and Xiangmei Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:195

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To compare the impact of two different types of mitral valve surgery on health-related quality of life, we conducted a retrospective study comparing modified totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery with median...

    Authors: Ling-chen Huang, Dao-zhong Chen, Liang-wan Chen, Qi-chen Xu, Zi-he Zheng and Xiao-fu Dai

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:194

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are placed for patients with advanced heart failure or cardiogenic shock as destination therapy or as a bridge to cardiac transplantation. Significant complications assoc...

    Authors: Ilya Shnaydman, Mohamed O. Abdelhamid, Joyce Kaufman, Howard Lieberman and Gabriel Ruiz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:193

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Heart failure is still a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Assist devices are reserved for advanced heart failure patients with no other therapeutic options.

    Authors: R. Hamdan, S. Fakih, M. Mohammad, F. Charif, H. Abdallah, S. Safa, F. Al Ali, M. Issa, B. Damen, A. el Zein, M. Younes, A. Rabah and M. Saab

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:192

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax (PSP) is considered an absolute and definitive contraindication for scuba diving and professional flying, unless bilateral surgical pleurectomy is performed. Only then is there...

    Authors: Peter Germonpre, Elke Van Renterghem, Nicolas Dechamps, Thierry Onghena and Joke Van Aken

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:191

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) lobectomy is now considered the preferred approach at many centers for early stage lung cancer. However, it needs an adequate learning curve, and it may be challenging in...

    Authors: Cecilia Menna, Camilla Poggi, Claudio Andreetti, Anna Maria Ciccone, Alberto Emiliano Baccarini, Giulio Maurizi, Antonio D’Andrilli, Camilla Vanni, Roberto Cascone, Alfonso Fiorelli, Mario Santini, Federico Venuta, Erino Angelo Rendina and Mohsen Ibrahim

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:190

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The objective of this study was to explore the consistency and correlation of two troponin (cTn) subtypes, troponin I (cTnI) and high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT), which can be used to judge early myocardi...

    Authors: Wei Gu, Wei Tang, Zuojing Zhang, Meiying Xu and Jingxiang Wu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:189

    Content type: Research article

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  44. This single-centre, retrospective propensity score matching (PSM) study designed to study the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and the relationship between AKI ...

    Authors: Rui Wang, Xian Wang, Yifan Zhu, Wen Chen, Liangpeng Li and Xin Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:186

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Life-threatening complications including cardiac perforation by the clamp or pectus bar during Nuss procedure have rarely been occurred. A rare case of lung entrapment between the pectus bar and chest wall aft...

    Authors: Do Yeon Kim and Jin Yong Jeong

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2020 15:184

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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