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  1. Hepatic dysfunction (HD) increases the morbidity and mortality rates after cardiac surgery. However, few studies have investigated the association between HD and acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection (ADIAD) ...

    Authors: Zhigang Wang, Min Ge, Cheng Chen, Lichong Lu, Lifang Zhang and Dongjin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:296
  2. Although transcatheter technology has achieved some success in the field of mitral valves, the feasibility of applying it to patients with degenerated mitral valve bioprostheses (valve-in-valve, ViV), failure ...

    Authors: Tao You, Wei Wang, Kang Yi, Jie Gao, Xin Zhang, Shao-E. He, Xiao-Min Xu, Yu-Hu Ma and Xin-Yao Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:293
  3. Cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest are life-threatening emergencies with high mortality rates. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (e-...

    Authors: Deep Vakil, Cassandra Soto, Zoee D’Costa, Lindsay Volk, Sivaveera Kandasamy, Deepa Iyer, Hirohisa Ikegami, Mark J. Russo, Leonard Y. Lee and Anthony Lemaire
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:290
  4. We previously developed a new surgical method, namely, single-port inflatable mediastinoscopy simultaneous laparoscopic-assisted radical esophagectomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of c...

    Authors: Haibo Ye, Xiaojin Wang, Xiaojian Li, Xiangfeng Gan, Hongcheng Zhong, Xiangwen Wu and Qingdong Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:288
  5. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are common incidents associated with an increased hospital stay, readmissions into the intensive care unit (ICU), increased costs, and mortality after cardiac surge...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdulkadir Mohamed, Cai Cheng and Xiang Wei
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:287
  6. Penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) is one of the three subtypes of acute aortic syndrome. PAUs occur at any point throughout the aorta, most commonly in the descending thoracic aorta and less frequently in the aor...

    Authors: Shixiong Wang, Debin Liu, Yongnan Li and Bingren Gao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:285
  7. In infants with congenital oesophageal atresia, anastomotic stenosis easily occurs after one-stage oesophageal anastomosis, leading to dysphagia. In severe cases, oesophageal dilatation is required. In this pa...

    Authors: Xue-Jie Gao, Jin-Xi Huang, Qiang Chen, Song-Ming Hong, Jun-Jie Hong and Hong Ye
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:284
  8. In our earlier study on the functional limits of the aneurysmal aortic root we determined the pig root is susceptible to failure at high aortic pressures levels. We established a pig rupture model using cardio...

    Authors: Timothy Luke Surman, John Matthew Abrahams, Jim Manavis, John Finnie, Chris Christou, Georgia Kate Williams, Angela Walls, Peter Frantzis, Mark Adams, James Edwards, Michael George Worthington and John Beltrame
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:283
  9. Pheochromocytoma is a rare medical condition caused by catecholamine-secreting tumor cells. Operative resection can be associated with significant hemodynamic fluctuations due to the nature of the tumor, as we...

    Authors: Igor Feinstein, Tiffany Lee, Sameer Khan, Lindsay Raleigh and Frederick Mihm
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:282
  10. Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) is a rare anomaly often associated with aortic coarctation or interruption, and various surgical techniques for this anomaly have been reported. Herein, we show a case of an...

    Authors: Chang Hun Kim, Hyungtae Kim, Kwang Ho Choi, Si Chan Sung, Hoon Ko and Ki Seok Choo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:281
  11. The Abramson technique for the correction of pectus carinatum (PC) is commonly performed worldwide. However, the postoperative complications of this technique related to bar fixation, including wire breakage a...

    Authors: Wei Ping, Shengling Fu, Yangkai Li, Jun Yu, Ni Zhang, Xiangning Fu and Yixin Cai
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:280
  12. Patent false lumen has been shown to have a negative impact on prognosis after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). We aimed to assess the effect of postoperative anticoagulation on false lumen ...

    Authors: Mårten Larsson, Gracijela Bozovic, Johan Sjögren, Igor Zindovic, Sigurdur Ragnarsson and Shahab Nozohoor
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:279
  13. Our letter to the editor comments on issues raised in the May 14, 2020, article by Budacan et al. addressing the development of enhanced recovery after thoracic surgery. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, a na...

    Authors: Eliza Sophie Hartmann, Paul Philipp Heinisch, Markus M. Luedi and Maks Mihalj
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:278
  14. Platelet rich plasma or PRP is a supraphysiologic concentrate of platelets derived by centrifugation and separation of whole blood components. Along with platelets and plasma, PRP contains various cell types i...

    Authors: Dalip Sethi, Kimberly E. Martin, Sangeeta Shrotriya and Bethany L. Brown
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:277
  15. The right and left lung anatomy are similar but asymmetrical. The right lung consists of three lobes, and the left lung consists of two lobes. Our study is unique because of discovering a very rare morphologic...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Nader Tanideh, Reza Hosseinpour, Cambyz Irajie and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalabi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:276
  16. Mortality and complications remain high after acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) open surgery and are associated with coagulation dysfunction. Platelets play an important role in the process of coagulation...

    Authors: Guangyu Liu, Hongbai Wang, Qipeng Luo, Liang Cao, Lijing Yang, Cuntao Yu, Fuxia Yan and Su Yuan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:274
  17. Synchronous multiple primary lung cancers are becoming more common with increasing use of computed tomography for screening. Intraoperative localization and resection of ill-defined pulmonary ground-glass opac...

    Authors: Guofei Zhang, Duo Xu, Zipu Yu, Lian Wang, Haihua Gu, Ying Chai and Gang Shen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:273
  18. The optimal sequence of pulmonary vessel interruption during lung cancer resection remains controversial. This review aimed to elucidate the association of vein-first versus artery-first ligation and survival ...

    Authors: Tian Zhao, Chu Zhang, Chen Zhao, Wen-Bin Wu and Miao Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:272
  19. Open heart surgery during pregnancy is relatively rare at home and abroad, and there is a higher risk and probability of maternal and infant death. How to carry out heart valve replacement under cardiopulmonar...

    Authors: Youhao You, Shenghua Liu, Zhaohong Wu, Dunjin Chen, Gefei Wang, Gangdong Chen, Youguang Pan and Xing Zheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:268
  20. Shortcoming of traditional Nuss operation on adults is gradually found in the clinical practice. A new kind of introducer-bar complex was introduced. However, there is limited evidence regarding its safety and...

    Authors: Lei Wang, Juan Liu, Yao Li, Tienan Feng, Beibei Cao, Haibo Xiao, Fengqing Hu and Guoqing Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:267
  21. To compare the short-term safety and efficacy of right anterolateral minithoracotomy (ALMT) and median sternotomy (MS) for the surgical treatment of atrial septal defects (ASDs).

    Authors: Yu-Qing Lei, Jian-Feng Liu, Wen-Peng Xie, Zhi-Nuan Hong, Qiang Chen and Hua Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:266
  22. More and more synchronous multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas (SMPLA) have been diagnosed and surgical treatment has become the mainstay of treatment for them, but there are few reports on the surgical outco...

    Authors: Rirong Qu, Dehao Tu, Wei Ping, Yixin Cai, Ni Zhang and Xiangning Fu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:265
  23. The study purpose is to examine survival prognostic and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) application outcomes at our tertiary care center.

    Authors: Jennifer M. Brewer, Anthony Tran, Jielin Yu, M. Irfan Ali, Constantine M. Poulos, Jonathan Gates, Jason Gluck and David Underhill
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:264
  24. The prosthesis type for multiple valve surgery (replacement of two or more diseased native or prosthetic valves, replacement of two diseased valves with repair/reconstruction of a third, or replacement of a si...

    Authors: Ahmad Poostizadeh, W. R. Eric Jamieson, A. Ian Munro, Robert T. Miyagishima, Hilton Ling, Guy J. Fradet, Michael T. Janusz and Lawrence H. Burr
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:262
  25. The acknowledgment that conservative oxygen therapy (COT) was related to better prognosis in the intensive care unit (ICU) was challenged recently. We conducted an updated meta-analysis aimed to determine whet...

    Authors: Lu Liu and Yali Tian
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:261
  26. Sublobar resection has been widely accepted for treating pure ground-glass opacities (GGOs). As GGOs have good prognosis, preserving postoperative pulmonary function is the major concern in surgery. No studies...

    Authors: Taobo Luo, Qixun Chen, Jian Zeng, Lei Cai and Xiancong Huang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:260
  27. The choice of aortic valve replacement needs to be decided in an interdisciplinary approach and together with the patients and their families regarding the need for re-operation and risks accompanying anticoag...

    Authors: Johanna Schlein, Paul Simon, Gregor Wollenek, Eva Base, Günther Laufer and Daniel Zimpfer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:259
  28. A pulmonary arteriovenous malformation is an abnormal dilated blood vessel that makes direct communication between a pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein and can be associated with hypoxemia or neurological com...

    Authors: Takahiro Ochi, Masako Chiyo, Takamasa Ito, Hideharu Furumoto, Toshihiko Sugiura and Yukio Saitoh
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:258
  29. In the VEST IV trial, the author concluded that external stenting of saphenous vein graft mitigates its remodeling and also significantly reduces the diffuse intimal hyperplasia and development of lumen irregu...

    Authors: Vijayanand Palanisamy, Valikapthalil Mathew Kurian and Rajan sethuratnam
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:257
  30. Total aortic arch replacement (TAR) with frozen elephant trunk (FET) requires hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) for 20 min, which increases the surgical risk. We invented an aortic balloon occlusion (ABO) t...

    Authors: Luchen Wang, Yunfeng Li, Yaojun Dun and Xiaogang Sun
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:256
  31. Although aortic root and ascending aortic aneurysms are treated the same, they differ in embryological development and pathological processes. This study examines the microscopic structural differences between...

    Authors: Timothy Luke Surman, John Matthew Abrahams, Jim Manavis, John Finnie, Dermot O’Rourke, Karen Jane Reynolds, James Edwards, Michael George Worthington and John Beltrame
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:255
  32. With the popularization of HRCT and VATS, the incidence of early stage lung cancer is increasing recent years. About 63% of small pulmonary nodules can not be accurately identified in VATS. We use 3-D reconstr...

    Authors: Long Zhao, Wenyu Yang, Ruofeng Hong and Jianbin Fei
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:254
  33. Elevated plasma free hemoglobin is associated with multi-organ injury. In this context, minimally invasive extracorporeal technologies represent a way to reduce this complication following cardiac surgery.

    Authors: Ignazio Condello, Giuseppe Santarpino, Giuseppe Filiberto Serraino, Pasquale Mastroroberto, Giuseppe Speziale and Giuseppe Nasso
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:253
  34. To investigate the effects of seasonal and climatic changes on postoperative in-hospital mortality and length of stay (LOS) in patients with type A acute aortic dissection (AAD).

    Authors: Zeng-Rong Luo, Zhi-Qin Lin, Liang-wan Chen and Han-Fan Qiu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:252
  35. Authors: Amjad Shalabi, Erez Kachel, Yigal Kassif, Muin Faqeeh, Preisman Sergey, Leonid Sternik, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Wadi Kinany, Offer Amir, Eilon Ram, Jacob Lavee and Avishay Grupper
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:251

    The original article was published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:70

  36. Aneurysmal degeneration of the coronary button after aortic root replacement using the button technique is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. However, the appropriate management of this comp...

    Authors: Kimihiro Kobayashi, Yoshinori Kuroda, Masahiro Mizumoto, Atsushi Yamashita, Eiichi Ohba, Shingo Nakai, Tomonori Ochiai and Tetsuro Uchida
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:250
  37. Much debate is still going on about the best ablation strategy—via endocardial or epicardial approach—in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and evidence gaps exist in current guidelines in this area. More...

    Authors: Giuseppe Nasso, Roberto Lorusso, Arash Motekallemi, Angelo M. Dell’Aquila, Nicola Di Bari, Ignazio Condello, Marco Moscarelli, Saverio Iacopino, Giuseppe F. Serraino, Pasquale Mastroroberto, Giuseppe Santarpino and Giuseppe Speziale
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:249
  38. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of SYNTAX scores I, II, and residual with cardiovascular outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coron...

    Authors: Eduardo Bello Martins, Whady Hueb, David L. Brown, Thiago Luis Scudeler, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Paulo Cury Rezende, Paulo Rogério Soares, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Jaime Paula Pessoa Linhares Filho, Daniel Valente Batista, Jose Antonio Franchini Ramires and Roberto Kalil Filho
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:248
  39. Although the number of patients who undergo extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to lung transplantation is increasing worldwide, there are few reports on lung transplantation after long-term...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Yoshiyasu, Masaaki Sato, Masaki Anraku, Shingo Ichiba and Jun Nakajima
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:246
  40. The Nuss procedure is widely used to correct pectus excavatum. Bar displacement is a common complication associated with this procedure. How the flipping of the bar affects pectus excavatum recurrence has not ...

    Authors: Yu-Jiun Fan, Po-Cheng Lo, Yuan-Yu Hsu, I-Shiang Tzeng, Bo-Chun Wei and Yeung-Leung Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:244

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