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  1. Both tissue sealants and buttressing have been advocated to reduce alveolar air leaks from staple lines following Lung Volume Reduction Surgery (LVRS). However, the long term detrimental effects of buttressing...

    Authors: Sridhar Rathinam, Babu V Naidu, Prakash Nanjaiah, Mahmoud Loubani, Maninder S Kalkat and Pala B Rajesh
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:37
  2. Secondary mitral insufficiency (SMI) is an indicator of a poor prognosis in patients with ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathies. Numerous studies corroborated that mitral valve (MV) surgery improves survival a...

    Authors: Andreas Rukosujew, Stefan Klotz, Henryk Welp, Christian Bruch, Farshad Ghezelbash, Christoph Schmidt, Raluca Weber, Andreas Hoffmeier, Jürgen Sindermann and Hans H Scheld
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:36
  3. Treatment of thymoma is often based on observation of only a few patients. Surgical resection is considered to be the most important step. Role of a pseudocapsula for surgery, its clinical significance and out...

    Authors: Sebastian Dango, Bernward Passlick, Ulf Thiemann, Gian Kayser and Christian Stremmel
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:33
  4. The European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) is a widely used risk assessment tool in patients with severe aortic stenosis to determine operability and to select patients for alternati...

    Authors: Dimitri Kalavrouziotis, Debbie Li, Karen J Buth and Jean-Francois Légaré
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:32
  5. Complete resection seemed to be curative in patients with Castleman disease of any location but the disease is likely to be reactive in its pathogenesis. The relation between Epstein-Barr virus and Castleman d...

    Authors: Chih-Hao Chen, Hung-Chang Liu, Tzu-Ti Hung and Tsang-Pai Liu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:31
  6. Small cell lung carcinoma represents 15–20% of lung cancer. Is is characterized by rapid growth and early disseminated disease with poor outcome. For many years surgery was considered a contraindication in Sma...

    Authors: Efstratios N Koletsis, Christos Prokakis, Menelaos Karanikolas, Efstratios Apostolakis and Dimitrios Dougenis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:30
  7. Angina pectoris early after aortic valve replacement surgery in patients with previously normal coronary arteries may be life threatening and has to be assessed immediately.

    Authors: Sybille Gruber, Choi-Keung Ng, Christian Schwarz and Johann Auer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:29
  8. Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is a rare, benign cardiac tumor. It often arises from valvular endocardium, and non-valvular endocardial location is rare. Although transthoracic echocardiography is usually suf...

    Authors: Murat Bicer, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu, Erman Pektok, Hajo Müller, Sarah Dettwiler and Afksendiyos Kalangos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:28
  9. Temporary epicardial pacing wires are routinely used during cardiac surgery; they are dependable in controlling postoperative arrhythmias and are associated with low morbitity.

    Authors: Timothy Sakellaridis, Michalis Argiriou, Victor Panagiotakopoulos and Christos Charitos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:26
  10. Left ventricular dysfunction is common after coronary artery bypass graft and valve replacement surgeries and is often treated with inotropic drugs to maintain adequate hemodynamic status. In this study, we ai...

    Authors: Imdad Ahmed, Chad M House and William B Nelson
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:24
  11. Tracheal defects may occur after trauma or prolonged intubation. Resection of tracheal tumors also poses a major challenge for substitution. In an effort to solve this problem, different techniques have been t...

    Authors: Farhad Anoosh, Hossain Hodjati, Seifollah Dehghani, Nader Tanideh and Perikala V Kumar
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:23
  12. Bronchial stump reinforcement has been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of bronchopleural fistulas. Various coverage techniques have been described in the literature. While the azygous vein flap is ...

    Authors: Faisal Al-Mufarrej, Marc Margolis, Eric Strother, Barbara Tempesta and Farid Gharagozloo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:22
  13. We report a case of aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) caused by a fish bone that had a successful outcome. Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of foreign body ingestion from which few patients survive. ...

    Authors: Stephen L. Kelly, Paul Peters, Murray J. Ogg, Alan Li and Bernard M. Smithers
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:21
  14. Preoperative patients' characteristics can predict the need for perioperative blood component transfusion in cardiac surgical operations. The aim of this prospective observational study is to identify perioper...

    Authors: Elsayed M. Elmistekawy, Lee Errett and Hosam F. Fawzy
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:20
  15. Sternal instability with mediastinitis is a very serious complication after median sternotomy. Biomechanical studies have suggested superiority of rigid plate fixation over wire cerclage for sternal fixation. ...

    Authors: Hosam Fawzy, Nasser Alhodaib, C. David Mazer, Alana Harrington, David Latter, Daniel Bonneau, Lee Errett and James Mahoney
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:19
  16. Lobar torsion after lung resection is a quite rare complication. A 50-year-old woman presented typical features on chest radiographs and CT(computed tomography) scan of lobar torsion after a right upper lobect...

    Authors: Chih-Hao Chen, Tzu-Ti Hung, Tung-Ying Chen and Hung-Chang Liu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:16
  17. We report a case of a 26-year-old female, who presented at 34 weeks of an uncomplicated pregnancy with an acute ST elevation anterior wall myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization suggested a left main c...

    Authors: Shahid Rahman, Mohammed Abdul-Waheed, Tarek Helmy, Lynn C. Huffman, Vipin Koshal, Julian Guitron, Walter H. Merrill, David F. Lewis, Stephanie Dunlap, Yukitaka Shizukuda, Neal L. Weintraub, Cristopher Meyer and Mehmet Cilingiroglu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:15
  18. Aortic distensibility is an elasticity index of the aorta, and reflects aortic stiffness. Coronary artery disease has been found to be substantially associated with increased aortic stiffness. In this study we...

    Authors: Bülent Özdemir, Murat Biçer, Levent Özdemir, İbrahim Baran, Aysel Aydın Kaderli, Tunay Şentürk, Ali Emül, Zeynel Abidin Yetgin, Sümeyye Güllülü and Ali Aydınlar
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:14
  19. VATS has become a preferred method for benign surgical conditions, yet still remains controversial for malignancies. The purpose of this study was to review our results of pulmonary metastasectomies using both...

    Authors: Marilee Carballo, Mary S. Maish, Dawn E. Jaroszewski and Carmack E. Holmes
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:13
  20. A 59 year old man underwent mechanical tricuspid valve replacement and removal of pacemaker generator along with 4 pacemaker leads for pacemaker endocarditis and superior vena cava obstruction after an earlier...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul, Krishna Adluri, Kalyana Javangula and Wasir Baig
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:12
  21. Rupture of the free wall of the left ventricle (LV) is a catastrophic complication occurring in 4% of patients after myocardial infarction (MI) and in 23% of those who die of MI. Rarely the rupture is containe...

    Authors: Giampaolo Zoffoli, Domenico Mangino, Andrea Venturini, Alberto Terrini, Angiolino Asta, Chiara Zanchettin and Elvio Polesel
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:11
  22. Management of an adult patient with aortic coarctation and an associated cardiac pathology poses a great surgical challenge since there are no standard guidelines for the therapy of such complex pathology. Deb...

    Authors: Efstratios Koletsis, Stella Ekonomidis, Nikolaos Panagopoulos, George Tsaousis, James Crockett and Matthew Panagiotou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:10
  23. We describe a case of 68-year-old woman which was admitted to our hospital for mitral valve replacement (MVR), in whom acute compresion of the vena cava inferior developed after repair of lacerated atrio-caval...

    Authors: Raif Cavolli, Kaan Kaya and Altay Omer Elalmis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:9
  24. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of prophylactic magnesium sulphate and amiodarone in treating arrhythmias that may occur following coronary bypass grafting operations.

    Authors: Osman Tiryakioglu, Sinan Demirtas, Hasan Ari, Selma Kenar Tiryakioglu, Kagan Huysal, Ozer Selimoglu and Ahmet Ozyazicioglu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:8
  25. Coexistence of coronary artery disease and cancer with both requiring surgical treatment at the same time is rare. A 52 year male undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting was incidentally discovered...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul, David JR Duthie, Somsekhar Ganti and Radhika Ramnath
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:7
  26. Deep sternal infections, also known as poststernotomy mediastinitis, are a rare but often fatal complication in cardiac surgery. They are a cause of increased morbidity and mortality and have a significant soc...

    Authors: Ina C Ennker, Anita Malkoc, Detlef Pietrowski, Peter M Vogt, Juergen Ennker and Alexander Albert
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:5
  27. Complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with mechanical defects are associated with poor prognosis. Surgical intervention is indicated for a majority of these patients. The goal of surgical interven...

    Authors: Kasim Oguz Coskun, Sinan Tolga Coskun, Aron Frederik Popov, Jose Hinz, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Kerstin Bockhorst, Kathrin Monika Stich and Reiner Koerfer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:3
  28. We report an unusual case of an aortic type A dissection with a corpus alienum which compresses the right ventricle. The patient successfully underwent an aortic root replacement in deep hypothermia with re-im...

    Authors: Aron Frederik Popov, Mersa Mohammed Baryalei, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Jose Hinz, Christoph Hermann Wiese, Björn Raab, Philipp Kolat, Friedrich Albert Schoendube and Ralf Seipelt
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:1
  29. We describe an exceptional case of non-fatal septic rupture of the ascending aorta in a patient with sternal dehiscence, deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) and pleural empyema after aortocoronary bypass surge...

    Authors: Christof M Sommer, Tobias Heye, Ulrike Stampfl, Ursula Tochtermann, Boris A Radeleff, Hans U Kauczor and Goetz M Richter
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:64
  30. Diabetes mellitus has become a major health issue in the United States and contributes to morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease. Despite lifestyle changes and medications that have been shown to...

    Authors: Milo Engoren, Robert H Habib, Anoar Zacharias, Thomas A Schwann, Christopher J Riordan, Samuel J Durham and Aamir Shah
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:63
  31. The valved conduit Contegra (bovine jugular vein) has being implanted for more than 7 years in the right ventricular outflow tract and it is noted that the available reports have been mixed. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Aristotle D Protopapas and Thanos Athanasiou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:62
  32. A 48 year old man was transferred to our department with cardiogenic shock, pyrexia, a high white cell count and significant serum troponin T level. Clinical evaluation revealed severe mitral regurgitation sec...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Consalvo Mattia, Massimo Ricci, Flaminia Coluzzi, Vincenzo Petrozza, Giacomo Frati, Giuseppe Pugliese and Luigi Muzzi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:61
  33. The objective of this case series is to review our experience with spontaneous pneumomediastinum, review the available literature, and refine the current clinical approach to this uncommon condition.

    Authors: Faisal Al-Mufarrej, Jehangir Badar, Farid Gharagozloo, Barbara Tempesta, Eric Strother and Marc Margolis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:59
  34. We examined the hypothesis that higher cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during RCP is correlated with urinary output.

    Authors: Takashi Miyamoto, Kagami Miyaji, Hirotsugu Okamoto, Satoshi Kohira, Takahiro Tomoyasu, Nobuyuki Inoue and Kuniyoshi Ohara
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:58
  35. Re-expansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is an acute, rare and potentially lethal complication [1,2]. Its beginning is sudden and dramatic. The mechanism is not yet fully understood [1]. Some authors suggest that it...

    Authors: Orhan Yucel, Zeki Ilker Kunak, Enis Macit, Armagan Gunal, Alper Gozubuyuk, Husamettin Gul and Onur Genc
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:57
  36. Trans-cervical resection of posterior mediastinal goiters is usually very difficult, requiring a high thoracotomy. Until recently, using conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery to resect such tumors ...

    Authors: Faisal Al-Mufarrej, Marc Margolis, Barbara Tempesta, Eric Strother and Farid Gharagozloo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:55
  37. We sought to evaluate the geometric changes of the mitral leaflets, local and global LV remodeling in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and varying degrees of Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR).

    Authors: Anita Sadeghpour, Firoozeh Abtahi, Majid Kiavar, Maryam Esmaeilzadeh, Niloofar Samiei, Seyedeh Zahra Ojaghi, Hooman Bakhshandeh, Majid Maleki, Feridoun Noohi and Ahmad Mohebbi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:54
  38. Inflammatory pseudotumors are quasineoplastic lesions that occur in the lungs as well as other extrapulmonary sites. The heart is an uncommon site of origin. We report a valvular pseudotumor that produced chro...

    Authors: Pradeep Vaideeswar, Anil M. Patwardhan and Pragati A. Sathe
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:53

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