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  1. Content type: Research article

    Radiofrequency catheter ablation of excitation foci inside pulmonary veins (PV) generates stenoses that can become quite severe during or after the follow-up period. Since severe PV stenoses have most often di...

    Authors: Pierre-André Doriot, Pierre-André Dorsaz and Dipen Chandrakant Shah

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:24

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  2. Content type: Case study

    This article details a case report of a traumatic aortic arch false aneurysm after blunt chest trauma. Thoracic aorta false aneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of aortic surgery, infection, ...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Consalvo Mattia, Massimo Ricci, Ilaria Chirichilli, Chiara Santo, David Rose, Luigi Muzzi, Giuseppe Pugliese, Giacomo Frati, Patrizio Sartini, Riccardo Ferrari, Carlo Della Rocca and Andrea Laghi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:23

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  3. Content type: Review

    Torsion of remaining lobes after pulmonary resection is a potentially serious complication with high reported morbidity and mortality. A range of additional procedures has been described, we have used a simple...

    Authors: Manoj Purohit and Joseph Zacharias

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:22

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Cardiac surgery is increasingly required in octogenarians. These patients frequently present atrial fibrillation (AF), a significant factor for stroke and premature death. During the last decade, AF ablation h...

    Authors: Herko Grubitzsch, Sven Beholz, Pascal M Dohmen, Simon Dushe and Wolfgang Konertz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:21

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  5. Content type: Research article

    More than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is the initial critical step in the progression toward occlusion. Internal mammary veins, which are...

    Authors: Aron Frederik Popov, Hilmar Dorge, Jose Hinz, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Tomislav Stojanovic, Ralf Seipelt, Vassilios Didilis and Friedrich Albert Schoendube

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:20

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Atrial myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors. They are usually small or moderate in size by the time of the diagnosis, exhibiting non specific cardiac or systemic symptoms, and are most frequently...

    Authors: Mattheos Panagiotou, Nikolaos D Panagopoulos, Panagiota Ravazoula, Loukas Kaklamanis and Efstratios N Koletsis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:19

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Left atrial thrombi are mostly related to mitral valve disease. The differential diagnosis of clots and myxomas in the left atrium is mostly based on echocardiography. Infection of intracardiac thrombi is extr...

    Authors: Panagiotis Dedeilias, Antonios Roussakis, Efstratios N Koletsis, Dimitrios Zervakis, Panagiotis Hountis, Christos Prokakis, Christina Balaka and Konstantinos Bolos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:18

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Techniques to preserve the sub-valvular apparatus in order to reduce morbidity and mortality following mitral valve replacement have been frequently reported. However, it is uncertain what impact sub-valvular ...

    Authors: Christopher Rao, Jonathan Hart, Andre Chow, Fotios Siannis, Polyxeni Tsalafouta, Bari Murtuza, Ara Darzi, Frank C Wells and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:17

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Plasma concentrations of sFlt-1, the soluble form of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF), markedly increase during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with extracorporeal circulation...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:16

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Coronary Endarterectomy (CE) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been shown to be beneficial in those with diffuse coronary artery disease. There are no published data on its...

    Authors: Sanjay Kumar, Sandeep Agarwala, Charlie Talbot and R. Unnikrishnan Nair

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:15

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The blood saving effect of aprotinin has been well documented in cardiac surgery. In thoracic surgery, very few recent studies, using rather high doses of aprotinin, have shown a similar result. In a randomize...

    Authors: Efstratios Apostolakis, Nikolaos Panagopoulos, Efstratios N. Koletsis, James Crockett, Helen Stamou-Kouki, Efrosini Sourgiadaki, Kriton Filos and Dimitrios Dougenis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:14

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  12. Content type: Letters to the Editor

    There has been a recent increase in the use of endovascular prostheses resulting in complex surgical and interventional complications not previously recognised. We report a case of Superior vena cava stenosis ...

    Authors: Nitin B. Bagul, Phillipa Moth, Narayan J. Menon, Fiona Myint and George Hamilton

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:12

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Severe pulmonary dysfunction is a commonly occurring postoperative complication following cardiac surgery. Resection of a lung causes major anatomical and physiological changes. Shift of the mediastinum and re...

    Authors: Sanjay V. Ghotkar, Vikram Aerra and Neeraj Mediratta

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:11

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  14. Content type: Case study

    Simplified Aortic Cannulation (SAC), wherein the innominate artery is used as the arterial inflow site rather than the ascending aorta, has proved to be a useful technique for arterial cannulation especially f...

    Authors: Christopher J Knott-Craig, Steven P Goldberg and James K Kirklin

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:10

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to document what proportion of patients referred for consideration of cardiac surgery are turned down, the reasons given for not operating and also to evaluate what happens to those p...

    Authors: Paul D Waterworth, Sing Y Soon, Rohith Govindraj, Rajesh Sivaprakasam, Mark Jackson and Antony D Grayson

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:9

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Granulomatous inflammation has been previously reported in association with cancer. Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a new minimally invasive test for investigati...

    Authors: Marcus P Kennedy, Carlos A Jimenez, Ashwini D Mhatre, Rodolfo C Morice and Georgie A Eapen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:8

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  17. Content type: Case report

    With the proliferation of minimally invasive cardiac surgery a number of alternative inflow sites for coronary artery bypass grafting have been utilized, especially in higher risk patients. The use of axillary...

    Authors: Thanos Athanasiou, Emmanouil I Kapetanakis, Christopher Rao, Loris Salvador and Ara Darzi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:6

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Essential Thrombocythcythaemia (ET) is an uncommon type of myeloproliferative disorder, characterised by both thrombotic and haemorrhagic diathesis. No clear guidelines exist for the pre- and post-operative ma...

    Authors: Kashif Ahmed, Hunaid A Vohra, Alison Milne and Stephen M Langley

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:5

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Aortic dissection is the most frequently diagnosed lethal disease of the aorta. Half of all patients with acute type-A aortic dissection die within 48 hours of presentation. There is still debate as to the opt...

    Authors: Andrzej W Sosnowski, Rajwinder S Jutley, Nicola Masala, Christos Alexiou and Justiaan Swanevelder

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:4

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Dyspahgia in patients with malignant mesothelioma is usually due to direct infiltration of the eosophagus by the tumour. It can be distressing for the patient and challenging for the physician to treat. We des...

    Authors: Enoch Akowuah and Joseph Rahamim

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:3

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    The use of opioid analgesics to control pain after median sternotomy in cardiac surgical patients is worldwide accepted and established. However, opioids have a wide range of possible side effects, concerning ...

    Authors: Ioannis Koukis, Mihalis Argiriou, Antonia Dimakopoulou, Victor Panagiotakopoulos, Nikolaos Theakos and Christos Charitos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:2

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  22. Content type: Commentary

    Aneurysms of the left main coronary artery are rare with an incidence of 0.1% in large angiographic series. The majority are atherosclerotic in origin. Other causes include connective tissue disorders, trauma,...

    Authors: Jeffrey E Everett and Harold M Burkhart

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:1

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ischaemia-reperfusion injury is still a major problem after lung transplantation. Several reports describe the benefits of controlled graft reperfusion. In this study the role of length of the initial pressure...

    Authors: Stefan Guth, Diethard Prüfer, Thorsten Kramm and Eckhard Mayer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:54

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Topical negative pressure (TNP), commonly used in wound therapy, has been shown to increase blood flow and stimulate angiogenesis in skeletal muscle. We have previously shown that a myocardial TNP of -50 mmHg ...

    Authors: Sandra Lindstedt, Malin Malmsjö and Richard Ingemansson

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:53

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF), which often presents with bilioptysis, is an abnormal communication between the bronchial system and biliary tree. It is a complication associated with a high mortality rate and r...

    Authors: Hatice Eryigit, Selahattin Oztas, Senol Urek, Guven Olgac, Melahat Kurutepe and Cemal Asim Kutlu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:52

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Whilst there is much current data on early outcomes after Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), there is relatively little data on medium term outcomes in the current era. The purpose of this study is to pres...

    Authors: Babu Kunadian, Joel Dunning and Russell W. J. Millner

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:51

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  27. Content type: Review

    Atherosclerotic disease of the arteries is a major cause of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke. Some patients are however not candidate for the standard treatment of angioplasty or...

    Authors: Hilal Al Sabti

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:49

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  28. Content type: Review

    Postoperative bleeding might become a serious problem in the management of cardiac surgical patients, with marked medical and economic impact. In these life-threatening situations, massive haemorrhage represen...

    Authors: Daniel Heise, Anselm Bräuer and Michael Quintel

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:47

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  29. Content type: Review

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) today results in what may be regarded as acceptable levels of blood loss with many institutions avoiding allogeneic red cell transfusion in over 60% of their patients. Th...

    Authors: Kelvin Lau, Hetul Shah, Andrea Kelleher and Neil Moat

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:46

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  30. Content type: Letters to the Editor

    The intra-operative histological assessment of fresh tissue can provide valuable diagnostic information and guide surgical management, however, even a limited exposure to standard fixation agents can potential...

    Authors: Andrew M Thomson and William A Wallace

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:45

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  31. Content type: Research article

    While it is believed that total arterial grafting (TAG) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers improved long-term outcomes when compared to conventional grafting with left internal mammary artery a...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Légaré, Ansar Hassan, Karen J Buth and John A Sullivan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:44

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To examine whether augmentation index (AIx) is increased in Marfan syndrome (MFS) and associated with increased aortic root size, and whether a peripheral-to-central generalised transfer function (GTF) can be ...

    Authors: Rupert A Payne, Roland C Hilling-Smith, David J Webb, Simon R Maxwell and Martin A Denvir

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:43

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  33. Content type: Case report

    We describe, in a 61 year old man, with coexistent aortic stenosis, the anomalous origin of posterior descending artery (PDA) from a stenotic left anterior descending (LAD) artery, as its continuation across t...

    Authors: Kalyana Javangula and Pankaj Kaul

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:42

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia account for up to 25% of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Two percent of them are not accessible by standard cervical surgical approaches. Surgical res...

    Authors: Peter Tcherveniakov, Ashvini Menon, Richard Milton, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Mark Lansdown and James AC Thorpe

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:41

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The implantation of stentless valves is technically demanding and the outcome may depend on the performance of surgeons. We studied systematically the role of surgeons and other possible determinants for mid-t...

    Authors: Alexander Albert, Ines Florath, Ulrich Rosendahl, Wael Hassanein, Eberhard V Hodenberg, Stefan Bauer, Ina Ennker and Jürgen Ennker

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:40

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Ischemic mitral regurgitation often complicates severe ischemic heart disease and adversely affects the prognosis in these patients. There is wide variation in the clinical spectrum of ischemic mitral regurgit...

    Authors: Chittoor B Sai-Sudhakar, Rashmi Vandse, Todd A Armen, Katherine M Bickle and Nadia S Nathan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:39

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to follow plasma concentrations of sFlt-1 and sKDR, two soluble forms of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CAB...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:38

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Volatile breath biomarkers provide a non-invasive window to observe physiological and pathological processes in the body. This study was intended to assess the impact of heart surgery with extracorporeal circu...

    Authors: Florian Pabst, Wolfram Miekisch, Patricia Fuchs, Sabine Kischkel and Jochen K Schubert

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:37

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  39. Content type: Review

    Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare tumors with an unfavourable prognosis. Complete surgical resection is currently the only mode of therapy proven to show any benefit. We report the cases of two patients presen...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Shaista Meraj, Mark T Jones, Isaac Kadir and Ben Bridgewater

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:34

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  40. Content type: Research article

    As our population ages and life expectancy increases the number of people aged over 80 and more referred for cardiac surgery is growing. This study sought to identify the outcome of aortic valve replacement (A...

    Authors: Amal K Bose, James D Aitchison and John H Dark

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:33

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Ventricular assist devices(VAD) implantation/removal is a complex surgical procedure with perioperative bleeding complications occurring in nearly half of the cases. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) h...

    Authors: Manish J Gandhi, Richard A Pierce, Lini Zhang, Marc R Moon, George J Despotis and Nader Moazami

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:32

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  42. Content type: Case report

    A 61 year old man presented with diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the skin of the back of the shoulder which was excised and treated with chemotherapy (CHOP regime) in 1998. He was in complete remission till h...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul and Kalyana Javangula

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:30

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  43. Content type: Case report

    A 41-year old non-smoking woman presented with persistent pleural effusion. Pleural fluid was hemorrhagic and fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. A working diagnosis of chronic haemothorax was mad...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar Kubal, Sanjay Ghotkar, John Gosney and Martyn Carr

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:29

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