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  1. Content type: Review

    Postoperative bleeding might become a serious problem in the management of cardiac surgical patients, with marked medical and economic impact. In these life-threatening situations, massive haemorrhage represen...

    Authors: Daniel Heise, Anselm Bräuer and Michael Quintel

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:47

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  2. Content type: Review

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) today results in what may be regarded as acceptable levels of blood loss with many institutions avoiding allogeneic red cell transfusion in over 60% of their patients. Th...

    Authors: Kelvin Lau, Hetul Shah, Andrea Kelleher and Neil Moat

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:46

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  3. Content type: Letters to the Editor

    The intra-operative histological assessment of fresh tissue can provide valuable diagnostic information and guide surgical management, however, even a limited exposure to standard fixation agents can potential...

    Authors: Andrew M Thomson and William A Wallace

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:45

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  4. Content type: Research article

    While it is believed that total arterial grafting (TAG) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers improved long-term outcomes when compared to conventional grafting with left internal mammary artery a...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Légaré, Ansar Hassan, Karen J Buth and John A Sullivan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:44

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To examine whether augmentation index (AIx) is increased in Marfan syndrome (MFS) and associated with increased aortic root size, and whether a peripheral-to-central generalised transfer function (GTF) can be ...

    Authors: Rupert A Payne, Roland C Hilling-Smith, David J Webb, Simon R Maxwell and Martin A Denvir

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:43

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  6. Content type: Case report

    We describe, in a 61 year old man, with coexistent aortic stenosis, the anomalous origin of posterior descending artery (PDA) from a stenotic left anterior descending (LAD) artery, as its continuation across t...

    Authors: Kalyana Javangula and Pankaj Kaul

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:42

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia account for up to 25% of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Two percent of them are not accessible by standard cervical surgical approaches. Surgical res...

    Authors: Peter Tcherveniakov, Ashvini Menon, Richard Milton, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Mark Lansdown and James AC Thorpe

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:41

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The implantation of stentless valves is technically demanding and the outcome may depend on the performance of surgeons. We studied systematically the role of surgeons and other possible determinants for mid-t...

    Authors: Alexander Albert, Ines Florath, Ulrich Rosendahl, Wael Hassanein, Eberhard V Hodenberg, Stefan Bauer, Ina Ennker and Jürgen Ennker

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:40

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Ischemic mitral regurgitation often complicates severe ischemic heart disease and adversely affects the prognosis in these patients. There is wide variation in the clinical spectrum of ischemic mitral regurgit...

    Authors: Chittoor B Sai-Sudhakar, Rashmi Vandse, Todd A Armen, Katherine M Bickle and Nadia S Nathan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:39

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to follow plasma concentrations of sFlt-1 and sKDR, two soluble forms of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CAB...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:38

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Volatile breath biomarkers provide a non-invasive window to observe physiological and pathological processes in the body. This study was intended to assess the impact of heart surgery with extracorporeal circu...

    Authors: Florian Pabst, Wolfram Miekisch, Patricia Fuchs, Sabine Kischkel and Jochen K Schubert

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:37

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  12. Content type: Review

    Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare tumors with an unfavourable prognosis. Complete surgical resection is currently the only mode of therapy proven to show any benefit. We report the cases of two patients presen...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Shaista Meraj, Mark T Jones, Isaac Kadir and Ben Bridgewater

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:34

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  13. Content type: Research article

    As our population ages and life expectancy increases the number of people aged over 80 and more referred for cardiac surgery is growing. This study sought to identify the outcome of aortic valve replacement (A...

    Authors: Amal K Bose, James D Aitchison and John H Dark

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:33

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Ventricular assist devices(VAD) implantation/removal is a complex surgical procedure with perioperative bleeding complications occurring in nearly half of the cases. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) h...

    Authors: Manish J Gandhi, Richard A Pierce, Lini Zhang, Marc R Moon, George J Despotis and Nader Moazami

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:32

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  15. Content type: Case report

    A 61 year old man presented with diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the skin of the back of the shoulder which was excised and treated with chemotherapy (CHOP regime) in 1998. He was in complete remission till h...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul and Kalyana Javangula

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:30

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  16. Content type: Case report

    A 41-year old non-smoking woman presented with persistent pleural effusion. Pleural fluid was hemorrhagic and fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. A working diagnosis of chronic haemothorax was mad...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar Kubal, Sanjay Ghotkar, John Gosney and Martyn Carr

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:29

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Lung transplantation (LTx) is widely accepted as a therapeutic option for end-stage respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis. However, airway complications remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in thes...

    Authors: Nouman U Khan, Mohamed Al-Aloul, Noman Khasati, Ali Machaal, Colm T Leonard and Nizar Yonan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:28

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Invasive coronary angiography is the gold standard means of imaging bypass vessels and carries a small but potentially serious risk of local vascular complications, including myocardial infarction, stroke and ...

    Authors: Emma S Houslay, Tristan Lawton, Anshuman Sengupta, Neal G Uren, Graham McKillop and David E Newby

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:27

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  19. Content type: Review

    The use of a skeletonized internal thoracic artery in coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been shown to confer certain advantages over a traditional pedicled technique, particularly in certain patient gro...

    Authors: Rachel M Massey, Oliver J Warren, Michal Szczeklik, Sophie Wallace, Daniel R Leff, John Kokotsakis, Ara Darzi and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:26

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  20. Content type: Case study

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with high morbidity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

    Authors: Daniele Starobin, Mordechai Rehuven Kramer, Moshe Garty and David Shitirt

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:25

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Long-term survival for combined aortic and mitral valve replacement appears to be determined by the mitral valve prosthesis from our previous studies. This 21-year retrospective study assess long-term outcome ...

    Authors: Niall C McGonigle, J Mark Jones, Pushpinder Sidhu and Simon W MacGowan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:24

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Mediastinitis is a rare, but serious complication of cardiac surgery. It has a significant socioeconomic impact and high morbidity. The purpose of this study was to determine pre-, intra-, and postoperative pr...

    Authors: Claudius Diez, Daniel Koch, Oliver Kuss, Rolf-Edgar Silber, Ivar Friedrich and Jochen Boergermann

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:23

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  23. Content type: Case report

    A single left coronary artery with right coronary artery arising from either left main stem (LMS) or left anterior descending artery (LAD) or circumflex artery (Cx) is an extremely rare coronary anomaly. This ...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul and Kalyana Javangula

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:20

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Calcific deposits are frequently observed at sites of healed myocardial infarcts. Grossly visible calcification of myocardial infarcts and calcified intracavitary cardiac thrombi are less common but recently a...

    Authors: Matthew Panagiotou, Kostas Markakis, Nikolaos Mourtzis, Stella Economidis, James Crockett and Efstratios N Koletsis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:19

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  25. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the ability of 3D-CT and virtual bronchoscopy to estimate trachea stenosis in comparison to conventional axial CT and fiberoptic bronchoscopy, with a view to assist thoracic surgeons in depicting ...

    Authors: Efstratios N Koletsis, Christine Kalogeropoulou, Eleni Prodromaki, George C Kagadis, Konstantinos Katsanos, Konstantinos Spiropoulos, Theodore Petsas, George C Nikiforidis and Dimitris Dougenis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:18

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Excessive bleeding (EB) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to increased mortality, morbidity, transfusion requirements and re-intervention. Less than 50% of patients undergoing re-intervention exhibit...

    Authors: Juan J Jimenez Rivera, Jose L Iribarren, Jose M Raya, Ibrahim Nassar, Leonardo Lorente, Rosalia Perez, Maitane Brouard, Jose M Lorenzo, Pilar Garrido, Ysamar Barrios, Maribel Diaz, Blas Alarco, Rafael Martinez and Maria L Mora

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:17

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Techniques of reduction aortoplasty are widely published in the literature with conflicting results. External support seems to be an important factor in preventing recurrence but, in some cases, this technique...

    Authors: Ernesto Tappainer, Vinicio Fiorani, Andrea Nocchi, Ermal Likaj, Sabjan Memishaj and Mario Zogno

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:15

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Apical ballooning syndrome (or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) is a syndrome of transient left ventricular apical ballooning. Although first described in Japanese patients, it is now well reported in the Caucasian p...

    Authors: Manju D Chandrasegaram, David S Celermajer and Michael K Wilson

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:14

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The decline in the number of suitable donor hearts has led to an increasing interest in the use of previously unacceptable donors. In the United Kingdom, if one centre declines a donor heart on medical grounds...

    Authors: Noman H Khasati, Ali Machaal, Jim Barnard and Nizar Yonan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:13

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer rupturing into the esophagus is rare and the resulting aortoesophageal fistula carries a high mortality. In view of the emergency nature of the entity and complexity of the pr...

    Authors: Guruvegowda Chandrashekar, Vijay MN Kumar and Ashok K Kumar

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:12

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Pulmonary dysfunction following cardiac surgery is believed to be caused, at least in part, by a lung vascular injury and/or atelectasis following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) perfusion and collapse of non-ven...

    Authors: AB Johan Groeneveld, Evert K Jansen and Joanne Verheij

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:11

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The sandwich double-patch technique was adopted as an alternative method for reconstruction of the left ventricle after excision of postinfarction dysfunctional myocardium to solve technical problems due to th...

    Authors: Ernesto Tappainer, Vinicio Fiorani, Nicola Pederzolli, Jacopo Manfredi, Andrea Nocchi and Mario Zogno

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:10

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  33. Content type: Research article

    A retrospective comparative study was designed to determine whether the transvalvular gradient has a predictive value in the assessment of operative outcome in patients with severe aortic stenosis and poor lef...

    Authors: Andreas Borowski, Ali Ghodsizad, Ilja Vchivkov and Emmeran Gams

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:9

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  34. Content type: Research article

    We have previously reported mid-term results of a study, which ended in January 2000, on the Bicarbon valve. The study concluded that the valve showed excellent clinical results, associated with a low incidenc...

    Authors: Yoshio Misawa, Tsutomu Saito, Hiroaki Konishi, Shin-ichi Oki, Yuichiro Kaminishi, Yasuhito Sakano, Hideki Morita and Kei Aizawa

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:8

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing evidence that programmed cell death can be triggered during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and may be involved in postoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate whe...

    Authors: Evaristo Castedo, Raquel Castejón, Emilio Monguio, Sebastian Ramis, Carlos G Montero, Santiago Serrano-Fiz, Raul Burgos, Cristina Escudero and Juan Ugarte

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:7

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction have a poor long term survival despite complete surgical revascularization. Recent data suggests that the use of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (I...

    Authors: Ashraf S Al-Dadah, Rochus K Voeller, Paymon Rahgozar, Jennifer S Lawton, Marc R Moon, Michael K Pasque, Ralph J Damiano Jr and Nader Moazami

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:6

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Recent guidelines have specified a number of waiting time targets to prevent delay in the treatment of lung cancer. This study was carried out to assess the quality of lung cancer services and compare with nat...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Sing Yang Soon, Pauline Quennell, Philip Barber, Piotr Krysiak, Rajesh Shah and Mark T Jones

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:5

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a common modality of circulatory assist device used in children. We assessed the outcome of children who had ECMO following repair of congenital card...

    Authors: Sendhil K Balasubramanian, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, Mohammed Amin, Kanakkande K Aabideen, Giles J Peek, Andrew W Sosnowski and Richard K Firmin

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:4

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia is an atypical myeloproliferative disorder with a natural history of progression to acute myeloid leukaemia, a complex and poorly understood response by the bone marrow to stre...

    Authors: Nigel E Drury, Ayyaz Ali, Shafi Mussa, Stephen T Webb, Kanchan P Rege and John Wallwork

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:3

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  40. Content type: Case study

    Side-to-side anastomosis was employed by just ten proportional stitches while performing distal anastomosis during coronary artery surgery. This technique is simple and quick. Here this simple technique is des...

    Authors: Min-Ho Song, Yoshiyuki Tokuda and Toshiaki Ito

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:2

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  41. Content type: Case report

    We present a case of an asymptomatic right atrial mass detected on a screening ECHO. Pre-operative imaging and intraoperative frozen section suggested an atrial myxoma, but the extracardiac nature of the mass ...

    Authors: Sarah A Early, Jonathan McGuinness, John Galvin, Maria Kennedy and John Hurley

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:1

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  42. Content type: Research article

    This study was undertaken to compare the in vitro effects of 17β-estradiol on human epicardial coronary arteries, resistance coronary arteries and on arterial vessels usually employed as grafts in surgical myocar...

    Authors: Gianluca Polvani, Fabio Barili, Giuseppe Rossoni, Luca Dainese, Manuela Wally Ossola, Veli K Topkara, Francesco Grillo, Eleonora Penza, Elena Tremoli and Paolo Biglioli

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2006 1:46

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Cross-clamp fibrillation is a well established method of performing coronary grafting, but its clinical effect on the myocardium is unknown. We sought to measure these effects clinically using the Khuri Intram...

    Authors: Joel Dunning, Steven Hunter, Simon WH Kendall, John Wallis and W Andrew Owens

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2006 1:45

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