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  1. Pulmonary primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), a member of the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors, is a rare malignancy that is associated with a grim prognosis. To date, fewer than 30 cases of pulmonary PNET h...

    Authors: Yiyuan Zhang, Ke Shang, Jialin Li, Mengyao Sun and Xiaoying Gu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:109
  2. Broncho-esophageal fistula (BEF) secondary to esophageal diverticulum is a rare clinical condition, which is often misdiagnosed for a long time. The aim of our study is to summarize and clarify the advantages ...

    Authors: Xin Dong, Ruonan Pan, Lijun Duan, Xiaoqian Lu and Dianbo Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:107
  3. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients undergoing heart valve surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

    Authors: Na Chen, Yun-chang Mo, Min Xu, Si-si Chen, Wei Gao, Qiong Zheng, Jue Wang, Xiao-chu Wang and Jun-lu Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:106
  4. Midventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by hypertrophy of the interventricular septum (IVS) and - in rare cases - of the papillary muscles (PM), which subsequently can ca...

    Authors: Julian J. Berg, Jan Eckstein, Marcus-André Deutsch, Jan F. Gummert and Masatoshi Hata
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:105
  5. Ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare developmental abnormality involving aberrant embryogenesis of the thyroid gland during passage from the primitive foregut to the pretracheal position. The most frequent positio...

    Authors: Jagannath Kolwalkar, Dattaprasad Samant, Shirish Borkar, M. Sunil Chandra Vidyasagar and Jagadeesh N. Vaggar
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:103
  6. Junctional epidermolysis bullosa is a rare skin and mucosal disorder characterized by blister formation in response to minor trauma and extracutaneous manifestations. There have been no reports of cardiac surg...

    Authors: Kazufumi Yoshida, Soshi Yoshida, Yoshimasa Hori, Hideki Tsubota, Ryosuke Mochizuki, Tohru Nagano and Tadaaki Koyama
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:102
  7. Calcified right atrial thrombus is rare and commonly occurs secondary to atrial fibrillation and long-term central venous catheterization which present risk for embolization. Treatment typically involves antic...

    Authors: Caroline Pennacchio, Brad Rosinski, Richard Grimm and Shinya Unai
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:100
  8. This study investigates the efficacy of using a long-acting insulin analog, along with the infusion of regular insulin, in achieving appropriate glycemic control and correcting lactic acidosis in patients post...

    Authors: Ribal Darwish, Eva Chen, Steven Minear and Cedric Sheffield
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:99
  9. Recently, improvements in the repair of tetralogy of Fallot have increased the need for reoperation in adulthood, and it’s not rare that these reoperation candidates suffer from biventricular failure. However,...

    Authors: Goki Inno, Keiichi Itatani, Kenta Nishiya, Yosuke Takahashi and Toshihiko Shibata
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:98
  10. Previous studies concerning the association between preoperative Hemoglobin (HB) level and the Length Of hospital Stay (LOS) in patients with non-cardiac surgery and non-obstetric surgery remain inconclusive. ...

    Authors: Zhaopeng Wang, Min Liu, Hengtong Men, Chunfeng Lyu and Ning Zheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:97
  11. Ulinastatin, an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant trypsin inhibitor, has shown potential in mitigating acute kidney injury (AKI) and reducing serum creatinine levels after various surgeries. This retrospective...

    Authors: Soo Jung Park, Sung Yong Park, Se Yoon Kang, Ji Ho Kim, Ji Yeong Heo and Ji Young Yoo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:96
  12. Rapid-deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) is an alternative to conventional AVR (cAVR) for aortic stenosis. Benefits include a reduction in operative times, facilitation of minimal access surgery and s...

    Authors: Sharan J Kapadia, Mohammed Yousuf Salmasi, Alicja Zientara, Isabelle Roussin, Cesare Quarto and George Asimakopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:95
  13. When technical requirements are high, and patient outcomes are critical, opportunities for monitoring and improving surgical skills via objective motion analysis feedback may be particularly beneficial. This n...

    Authors: Merryn D. Constable, Hubert P. H. Shum and Stephen Clark
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:94
  14. Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) following open heart surgery is associated with excessive morbidity and mortality. Contemporary DSWI risk prediction models aim at identifying high-risk patients with varyin...

    Authors: Tina Kamensek, Jurij Matija Kalisnik, Mirek Ledwon, Giuseppe Santarpino, Matthias Fittkau, Ferdinand Aurel Vogt and Janez Zibert
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:93
  15. Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) is a surgical treatment for coronary artery disease aiming at improving symptoms and life expectancy. Despite this, there are pulmonary and functional complications that m...

    Authors: Altina Vitória Souza, Raquel da Cunha Carvalho, Daniela da Cruz Dias, Darley Gabrielle Teles Santana, Hayssa de Cássia Mascarenhas, André Luiz Lisboa Cordeiro and André Raimundo França Guimarães
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:92
  16. A shorter length of stay (LOS) is associated with fewer hospital-acquired adverse conditions and decreased utilization of hospital resources. While modern perioperative care protocols have enabled some ambitio...

    Authors: Russell Seth Martins, Asad Saulat Fatimi, Amna Irfan Ansari, Hamna Raheel, Kostantinos Poulikidis, M. Jawad Latif, Syed Shahzad Razi and Faiz Y. Bhora
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:91
  17. During cardiac surgery, transcranial Doppler (TCD) represents a non-invasive modality that allows measurement of red blood cell flow velocities in the cerebral arteries. TCD can also be used to detect and moni...

    Authors: Stéphanie Jarry, Etienne J. Couture, William Beaubien-Souligny, Armindo Fernandes, Annik Fortier, Walid Ben-Ali, Georges Desjardins, Karel Huard, Tanya Mailhot and André Y. Denault
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:90
  18. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is traditionally used to treat postoperative wound infections. However, its use in closed wound sternotomy post cardiac surgery in high-risk patients has become increasin...

    Authors: Hind Elhassan, Ridha Amjad, Unna Palaniappan, Mahmoud Loubani and David Rose
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:87
  19. This study is designed to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the short-term outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery.

    Authors: Chen-ying Ding, Wen-hui Qi, Yu-jie An, Xin Yuan and Yun-tai Yao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:86
  20. Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lung resections are increasingly popular and localization techniques are necessary to aid resection. We describe our experience with hybrid operating room (OR) cone-beam com...

    Authors: Audrey Qi Xin Chia, Apoorva Gogna, Angela Maria Takano Pena, Vishnu Vemula Sri Sai, Sivanathan Chandramohan, Shaun Ju Min Xavier Chan and Boon-Hean Ong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:85
  21. Recent research suggested that hospital infections are a predictive marker for physical non-recovery one year after cardiothoracic surgery. The purpose of this study was to explore whether this risk factor is ...

    Authors: Hilda G. Rijnhart-de Jong, Jo Haenen, Fabiano Porta, Marijke Timmermans, E. Christiaan Boerma and Kim de Jong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:84
  22. Adult patients surviving with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is growing. We examine the factors associated with heart transplant outcomes in this challenging population with complex anatomy requiring redo-sur...

    Authors: Hüseyin Sicim, Pierre Emmanuel Noly, Suyash Naik, Vikram Sood, Richard G. Ohye, Jonathan W. Haft, Keith D. Aaronson, Francis D. Pagani, Ming-Sing Si and Paul C. Tang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:83
  23. The decision of whether to perform a large anatomic resection for a lung mass that is not definitely malignant comes often forward in the everyday practice of the thoracic surgeon. The general characteristics ...

    Authors: Fani Tsolaki, Georgios I. Tagarakis and Ioannis Tagarakis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:82
  24. To compare postoperative outcomes in patients with left main coronary artery disease who underwent off-pump isolated coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel disease using either skeletonized bilateral ...

    Authors: Kohei Hachiro, Noriyuki Takashima and Tomoaki Suzuki
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:81
  25. Progression of proximal or distal aortic dilatation is defined as reverse aortic remodeling after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) that may be dependent on aortic wall degeneration.

    Authors: Trina Chen, Ivana Kholova, Timo Paavonen and Ari Mennander
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:80
  26. Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is a rare benign tumor, which is often mistaken for a vegetation. Predominantly asymptomatic, it can cause life-threatening complications. Although rare, mobile papillary fibroe...

    Authors: Koji Funaishi, Hirofumi Kasahara, Naohiko Oki, Tomoyori Nakatogawa and Kazuhiro Yamanoi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:79
  27. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare disease, which can lead to the direct return of unoxidized venous blood to pulmonary veins and left heart, resulting in right-to-left shunt leading to hypoxia. ...

    Authors: Zhangmin Wu, Chunyu Zeng, Hongyong Wang, Weibin Shi and Xiaoli Luo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:78
  28. Complete atrioventricular septal defect is a complicated congenital heart malformations, and surgical correction is the best treatment, the severe tricuspid stenosis is a rare long-term complication after the ...

    Authors: Qi-Liang Zhang, Yu-Kun Chen, Shi-Hao Lin, Xin-Wei Du, Qiang Chen, Shun-Min Wang and Hua Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:77
  29. Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are an established treatment for end-stage left ventricular heart failure. Parameters are needed to identify the most appropriate patients for LVADs. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Freya Sophie Jenkins, Jan-Philipp Minol, Tarik Akar, Esma Yilmaz, Moritz Benjamin Immohr, Ismail Dalyanoglu, Bernhard Korbmacher, Joel Aissa, Udo Boeken, Artur Lichtenberg, Payam Akhyari and Hannan Dalyanoglu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:76
  30. Mitral valve (MV) repair for Carpentier functional classification Type II (C-II) mitral regurgitation (MR) is widely accepted because of its efficacy. It is unclear whether MV repair has the same benefits in e...

    Authors: Masashi Kawamura, Osamu Monta, Shusaku Maeda and Yasushi Tsutsumi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:75
  31. Surgical pulmonary artery thrombectomy is a well-established emergency treatment for massive pulmonary embolism (PE) in which fibrinolysis or thrombolysis are not effective. However, surgery for massive PE tha...

    Authors: Hanae Sasaki, Ryosuke Kowatari, Norihiro Kondo and Masahito Minakawa
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:74
  32. Benign tracheobronchial stenosis is a abnormal tracheal lumen narrowing that may incur progressive dyspnea and life-threatening hypoxemia. There is no consensus on which patients should be treated with endosco...

    Authors: Gaetana Messina, Vincenzo Di Filippo, Francesca Capasso, Maria Antonietta Puca, Beatrice Leonardi, Mario Grande, Anna Rainone, Francesco Leone, Giuseppe Vicario, Simona De Gregorio, Giuseppe Cerullo, Antonio Ponticiello, Mario Pirozzi, Stefano Farese, Alessia Zotta, Giovanni Natale…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:73
  33. Patients of interstitial lung disease (ILD) combined with pulmonary lesions are increasingly common in clinical practice. Patients with ILD are at significantly higher risk for complications after pulmonary re...

    Authors: Chuan Huang, Yao-Guang Sun, Chao Ma, Peng Jiao, Qing-Jun Wu, Wen-Xin Tian, Han-Bo Yu and Hong-Feng Tong
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:72
  34. Supra aortic obstruction in children is uncommon and is seen in certain unique conditions. While intraluminal obstruction due to heavy calcification is seen in older populations, it is not described in pediatr...

    Authors: Neerod Kumar Jha, Benedict Raj Kumar, Nishant Shah, Osama Abdullah, Oraib Al Ketan, Fraser Harban and Mohammad Daud Khan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:71
  35. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is an extremely rare and highly fatal complication leading to a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Successful management of AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma has...

    Authors: Jina Li, Yan Hu, Wenliang Liu, Jingqun Tang, Song Zhu and Chao Zeng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:70
  36. Differential diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy is an issue of debate. Lymph nodes may be enlarged due to a variety of inflammatory, infectious, or malignant reasons. Therefore, obtaining samples from th...

    Authors: Ahmed Al-Halfawy, Sabah Hussein, Wafaa Ashur, Ali El-Hendawi and Sara Hussein
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:69
  37. Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is proven to have neuroprotective protective effects. Nevertheless, the impact of RIPC on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients undergoing general anesth...

    Authors: Mengnan Han, Yanru Du, Jianli Li, Yi Li, Shuang Han and Chong Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:68
  38. Although pulmonary artery banding (PAB) has been generally acknowledged as an initial palliative treatment for patients having single ventricle (SV) physiology and unrestrictive pulmonary blood flow (UPBF), it...

    Authors: Gaser A. Abdelmohsen, Hala A. Gabel, Rawan M. Alamri, Ahmed Baamer, Osman O. Al-Radi, Aliaa Binyamin, Ahmed A. Jamjoom, Ahmed F. Elmahrouk, Saud A. Bahaidarah, Naif A. Alkhushi, Mohamed H. Abdelsalam, Hossam Ibrahim, Ahmed R. Elakaby, Adeep Khawaji, Abdullah Alghobaishi, Khadijah A. Maghrabi…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:67
  39. We aimed to explore the predictive values of ultrasonic diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) combined with integrative weaning index (IWI) in weaning patients with mechanical ventilation.

    Authors: Hai Lin, Mingming Yao, Ziwen Qin, Shilin Fu and Hongyou Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:66
  40. Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common congenital abnormality of the chest wall. Most patients with PE have slim bodies. Some studies have been conducted on the physical growth of children and adolescents wh...

    Authors: Nay Htut, I-Shiang Tzeng, Yu-Jiun Fan and Yeung-Leung Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:65
  41. Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the heart are lethal, and most patients die before they arrive to the hospital. Survival decreases with number of cardiac chambers involved. We report a case of a 17-year-old male who s...

    Authors: Alexandros N. Karavas, Keeyon Olia, Dane Scantling, Jacob Nudel, Jacob Kriegel and Niloo M. Edwards
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:64
  42. To our knowledge, no previously reported clinical data of a coronary artery fistula forming a pseudoaneurysm and presenting as a anterior chest wall lump. We reported a rare case of Coronary pseudoaneurysm wit...

    Authors: Chuanxiao Mi, Xiangxi Zhang, Liyuan Wang, Yan Yun, Fang Li, Yi Li, Yuxin Liu, Shouji Zhang, Chengwei Zou, Haizhou Zhang and Xiaochun Ma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:63
  43. Electrical storm (ES) is a clinical emergency characterized by multiple malignant ventricular arrhythmias or ICD discharges within 24 h, requiring early rational management.

    Authors: Lei Wang, Pengfei Li, Jun li, Jicheng Xi, Zhibiao Zhang, Fang Yan, Yanan Zhang, Haixiong Wang and Huiyuan Han
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:62
  44. Fallot-type absent pulmonary valve is a rare and complex congenital heart disease. Repair surgery for this condition during the neonatal period has a mortality rate of over 50%. We reported a neonate with Fall...

    Authors: Chunjie Mu, Minzhang Zhao, Runwei Ma, Xiang Li, Min Liu and Yao Deng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:61
  45. This study examined the effect of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) pathway on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the potential molecular mechanism.

    Authors: Yanan Zhang, Jinxia Wang, Yuling Wang and Kai Lei
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:58

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