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  1. Mapping of the pulmonary lymphatic system by near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging might not always identify the first lymph node relay. The aim of this study was to determine the clinicopathologic factors ...

    Authors: Christophe Wollbrett, Joseph Seitlinger, Florent Stasiak, Juliette Piccoli, Arthur Streit, Joelle Siat, Guillaume Gauchotte and Stéphane Renaud
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:145
  2. Coronary artery obstruction after percutaneous aortic replacement is a complication with high short-term mortality secondary to the lack of timely treatment. There are various predictors of coronary obstructio...

    Authors: Jose R. Gayosso-Ortíz, Juan F. Garcia-Garcia, Jose Alfredo Merino-Rajme, Roberto Muratalla-González, Juan C. Fuentes-Moreno, Arnoldo S. Jiménez-Valverde, Marco A. Alcantara-Melendez and Heberto Aquino-Bruno
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:143
  3. The severity and prognosis of an array of inflammatory diseases have been predicted using systemic inflammatory indices, such as the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocy...

    Authors: Hongbi Xiao, Xiaoxia lv, Siding Zhou, Qinglin Ren, Ziang Zhang and Xiaolin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:142
  4. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of morality among all malignant tumors. Smoking is one of the most important causes of NSCLC, which contributes not only to the initiation of NSCLC but a...

    Authors: Hong-Zhen Zheng, Xiang Miao, Jing Chang, Hai Zhou, Jing-Jian Zhang, Hui-Min Mo and Qin Jia
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:141
  5. Cox‐Maze procedure is currently the gold standard treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, data on the effectiveness of the Cox‐Maze procedure after concomitant mitral valve surgery (MVS) are not well ...

    Authors: Yaxuan Gao, Hanqing Luo, Rong Yang, Wei Xie, Yi Jiang, Dongjin Wang and Hailong Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:140
  6. Postoperative hyper-inflammation is a frequent event in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) after surgical repair. This study's objective was to determine which inflammatory biomarker...

    Authors: Yuan-Xi Luo, Yusanjan Matniyaz, Yu-Xian Tang, Yun-Xing Xue, Yi Jiang, Ke Pan, Zhi-Kang Lv, Zhi-Wei Fan, Kuo Wang, Hai-Tao Zhang, He Zhang, Wen-Zhe Wang, Tuo Pan, Dong-Jin Wang and Fu-Dong Fan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:138
  7. Paradoxical embolism is a rare cause of acute arterial occlusion. This phenomenon arises when embolic material travels from the venous system crosses an abnormal shunt such as patent foramen ovale, atrial sept...

    Authors: Yong Liu, Zhiyun Yang, Xinxin Sun, Mei Yang, Tao Zhang, Ruilin Li, Ying Wei and Hao Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:137
  8. A right-sided aortic arch is a rare congenital vascular structure variation. Right lobectomy is not commonly performed on patients with such a condition. Further, there are no reports on lobectomy under unipor...

    Authors: Hidenori Goto and Kozo Nakanishi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:136
  9. Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, is used for the management of short- and long-term pain as well as in other inflammatory conditions. Unfortunately, its ...

    Authors: Naglaa Z. H. Eleiwa, Hesham A. M. I. Khalifa and Heba A. Nazim
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:135
  10. Morphologically, the risk of aortic aneurysm rupture is mainly evaluated based on its type (e.g., fusiform or saccular) and diameter. Based on the finite element analysis, peak wall stress has been identified ...

    Authors: Atsuyuki Mitsuishi, Hiromasa Nakamura, Yujiro Miura, Tsuyoshi Miyata, Kazumasa Orihashi, Keisuke Yoshida and Kouhei Araki
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:134
  11. Aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is one of the typical entities of acute aortic syndrome and probably accounts for 5–25% of all cases. The ulcer-like projections (ULP), which are described as a focal, blood-fi...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Yuanwei Chen, Yongrong Zhou, Dan Shao and Jianfang Luo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:133
  12. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection in lung transplant recipients can be lethal owing to the use of immunosuppressants. Antiviral agents may be administered to these patients. Co-packaged nirmatrelvi...

    Authors: Chien-Ming Lo, Wei-Hsun Chen, Meng-Yun Tsai, Hung-I Lu, Yu-Hsin Hsiao, Kai-Hao Chuang, Yu Chen, Hsuan-Feng Wu, Kuo-Tung Huang and Yi-Hsi Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:132
  13. Benign mediastinal tumor is usually asymptomatic and exhibits uncomplicated clinical course. Posterior mediastinal schwannoma is common, but a huge benign tumor causing acute respiratory failure due to mass ef...

    Authors: Hsuan-Ying Huang, Chien-Ming Lo, Hung-I Lu and Jen-Ping Chang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:131
  14. GRAND FIX mesh-type plates and pins (Gunze, Kyoto, Japan) are thin, bioabsorbable fixation devices made of poly-L-lactide (PLLA) composite. These devices are new, and how best to use them in clinical practice ...

    Authors: Naoto Fukunaga, Hideki Sato, Tatsuto Wakami, Akio Shimoji, Otohime Mori, Kosuke Yoshizawa and Nobushige Tamura
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:130
  15. Previous studies have reported that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been identified to be involved in thrombosis, but the clinical value in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with venous thrombosi...

    Authors: Fang Liu and Qian Zhai
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:129
  16. Acute coronary artery obstruction is a rare but lethal complication of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), which may be caused by embolization of resected native tissue such as calcium plaque, thrombus, ...

    Authors: Atsuyuki Mitsuishi, Kazumasa Orihashi, Yujiro Miura and Ren Saito
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:128
  17. The azygos lobe is a relatively rare anatomical variation, and there have been no reports, until date, of thoracoscopic McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer in a patient with an azygos lobe. The azygos ...

    Authors: Rie Nakashima, Kohei Tajima, Kazuo Koyanagi, Akihito Kazuno, Miho Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Shoji, Kentaro Yatabe, Kohei Kanamori, Mika Ogimi, Kazuhito Nabeshima, Kenji Nakamura and Masaki Mori
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:127
  18. Chest wall chondrosarcomas, although common, pose unique challenges due to their aggressive nature, rarity of abdominal wall involvement, and propensity for recurrence. We highlight the critical role of meticu...

    Authors: Klein Dantis, Ramandeep Singh, Archit Goel and Brijesh Garg
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:126
  19. Coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) often experience a severe psychological burden for a long period of time, which can adversely affect their post-...

    Authors: Jin Li, Yueli Deng and Yan Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:125
  20. Regional block, such as thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB), or serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) has been recommended to reduce postoperative opioid use in recent guideli...

    Authors: Yan Xiang, Liang Chen, Jiang Jia, Fu Yili and Wei Changwei
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:124
  21. Acute type A aortic intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) is a variant of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD), exhibiting an increased risk of hemopericardium and cardiac tamponade. It can be life-threatening withou...

    Authors: Chun-Yu Lin, Ming-Chang Kao, Hsin-Fu Lee, Meng-Yu Wu and Chi-Nan Tseng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:123
  22. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous axillary vein cannulation can reduce cannulation failure and mechanical complications, is as safe and effective as internal jugular vein cannulation, and is superior to subclavia...

    Authors: Tao Pan, Xiaoyang Zhou, Jianneng Pan, Bixin Chen, Chang Xu, Zhaojun Xu, Pingping Dong and Tingting Yu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:122
  23. Early chest tube removal should be considered to enhance recovery after surgery. The current study aimed to provide a predictive algorithm for air leak episodes (ALE) and to create a knowledge base for early c...

    Authors: Kuniyo Sueyoshi, McAndrew Merlini, Kosuke Otsubo, Fumitsugu Kojima and Toru Bando
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:120
  24. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare malignancy of vascular origin which can be primarily be seen in various tissues. EHE originating from the pleura is an even more uncommon subtype which may mimi...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Nekooeian, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Bizhan Ziaian, Hooman Kamran, Nazanin Ayare, Masoud Vafabin and Damoun Fouladi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:118
  25. There has been little information on the actual diagnosis of pulmonary lesions in patients with a history of urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and short- and long- outcomes of pulmonary resection...

    Authors: Ryu Kanzaki, Akihiro Nagoya, Seiji Taniguchi, Hiroto Ishida, Kenji Kimura, Eriko Fukui, Toru Kimura, Takashi Kanou, Naoko Ose, Soichiro Funaki, Masato Minami, Eiichi Morii and Yasushi Shintani
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:117
  26. The aim of the present systematic review was to determine whether prophylactic use of cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) contributes to a lower rate of spinal cord ischemia (SCI) after thoracic endovascular a...

    Authors: Huajie Zheng, Deqing Lin, Yongbo Cheng, Chaojun Yan, Sanjiu Yu, Jun Li and Wei Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:116
  27. Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) in aortic valve and its complication coronary embolism is a very rare condition. Diagnosis and treatment process is challenging. We present a young patient with acute myocardi...

    Authors: Mukan Kagan Kus, Anil Karaagac, Burak Bozkurt, Ufuk Sadik Ceylan and Mehmet Kaplan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:114
  28. The basis for current and future lung cancer immunotherapy depends on our knowledge of molecular mechanisms of interactions between tumor and immune system cells. Interactions that occur between different intr...

    Authors: Aykut Elicora, Busra Yaprak Bayrak, Cigdem Vural, Huseyin Fatih Sezer, Semra Uzun Erkal and Elif Metin
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:113
  29. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare condition characterized by communication between the aorta and esophagus. AEF caused by an esophageal foreign body is even rare, and there is currently no recommended st...

    Authors: Jianfeng Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:112
  30. This study aimed to compare hospital and long-term clinical outcomes associated with various treatment methods for Stanford A type aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) to provide a reference for clinical decision-...

    Authors: Li Yin, Jiankai Wang, Zhibing Qiu, Xin Chen and Cunhua Su
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:111
  31. To observe the occurrence of related complications after self-expandable metallic (SEM) airway stents implantation with different diameters at different time points, and to provide theoretical basis for the op...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Li, Changguo Wang, Ziyi Liu, Kai Wu, Zhenyu Yang, Daxiong Zeng, Dang Lin and Junhong Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:110
  32. Pulmonary primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), a member of the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors, is a rare malignancy that is associated with a grim prognosis. To date, fewer than 30 cases of pulmonary PNET h...

    Authors: Yiyuan Zhang, Ke Shang, Jialin Li, Mengyao Sun and Xiaoying Gu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:109
  33. Broncho-esophageal fistula (BEF) secondary to esophageal diverticulum is a rare clinical condition, which is often misdiagnosed for a long time. The aim of our study is to summarize and clarify the advantages ...

    Authors: Xin Dong, Ruonan Pan, Lijun Duan, Xiaoqian Lu and Dianbo Cao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:107
  34. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients undergoing heart valve surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

    Authors: Na Chen, Yun-chang Mo, Min Xu, Si-si Chen, Wei Gao, Qiong Zheng, Jue Wang, Xiao-chu Wang and Jun-lu Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:106
  35. Midventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by hypertrophy of the interventricular septum (IVS) and - in rare cases - of the papillary muscles (PM), which subsequently can ca...

    Authors: Julian J. Berg, Jan Eckstein, Marcus-André Deutsch, Jan F. Gummert and Masatoshi Hata
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:105
  36. Ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare developmental abnormality involving aberrant embryogenesis of the thyroid gland during passage from the primitive foregut to the pretracheal position. The most frequent positio...

    Authors: Jagannath Kolwalkar, Dattaprasad Samant, Shirish Borkar, M. Sunil Chandra Vidyasagar and Jagadeesh N. Vaggar
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:103
  37. Junctional epidermolysis bullosa is a rare skin and mucosal disorder characterized by blister formation in response to minor trauma and extracutaneous manifestations. There have been no reports of cardiac surg...

    Authors: Kazufumi Yoshida, Soshi Yoshida, Yoshimasa Hori, Hideki Tsubota, Ryosuke Mochizuki, Tohru Nagano and Tadaaki Koyama
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:102
  38. Calcified right atrial thrombus is rare and commonly occurs secondary to atrial fibrillation and long-term central venous catheterization which present risk for embolization. Treatment typically involves antic...

    Authors: Caroline Pennacchio, Brad Rosinski, Richard Grimm and Shinya Unai
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:100
  39. This study investigates the efficacy of using a long-acting insulin analog, along with the infusion of regular insulin, in achieving appropriate glycemic control and correcting lactic acidosis in patients post...

    Authors: Ribal Darwish, Eva Chen, Steven Minear and Cedric Sheffield
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:99
  40. Recently, improvements in the repair of tetralogy of Fallot have increased the need for reoperation in adulthood, and it’s not rare that these reoperation candidates suffer from biventricular failure. However,...

    Authors: Goki Inno, Keiichi Itatani, Kenta Nishiya, Yosuke Takahashi and Toshihiko Shibata
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:98
  41. Previous studies concerning the association between preoperative Hemoglobin (HB) level and the Length Of hospital Stay (LOS) in patients with non-cardiac surgery and non-obstetric surgery remain inconclusive. ...

    Authors: Zhaopeng Wang, Min Liu, Hengtong Men, Chunfeng Lyu and Ning Zheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:97
  42. Ulinastatin, an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant trypsin inhibitor, has shown potential in mitigating acute kidney injury (AKI) and reducing serum creatinine levels after various surgeries. This retrospective...

    Authors: Soo Jung Park, Sung Yong Park, Se Yoon Kang, Ji Ho Kim, Ji Yeong Heo and Ji Young Yoo
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:96
  43. Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) is a surgical treatment for coronary artery disease aiming at improving symptoms and life expectancy. Despite this, there are pulmonary and functional complications that m...

    Authors: Altina Vitória Souza, Raquel da Cunha Carvalho, Daniela da Cruz Dias, Darley Gabrielle Teles Santana, Hayssa de Cássia Mascarenhas, André Luiz Lisboa Cordeiro and André Raimundo França Guimarães
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2024 19:92

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